- Algerian Arabic
nativename= Dza:jri جزائري
speakers=20,000,000 (60% of Algerians)
fam5=South Central Semitic
Algerian Arabic is the variety or varieties of Arabic spoken in
Algeria. In Algeria, as elsewhere, spoken Arabic differs from written Arabic; Algerian Arabic has an essentially Berberphonetic , a vocabulary with many new words and some loanwords from Berber, Turkish, Spanish, and French, and like all Arabic dialects, has dropped the case endings of the written language. In Algeria, Algerian Arabic or Darijaisn't used in schools, television or newspapers, which usually use Arabic or French, but is more likely heard in music like Raïif not just heard in Algerian homes and on the street , and there is no real motivation among Algerians to write it and make of it the official language of the country. Algerian Arabic is spoken daily by about 20 million Algerians representing about 60% of the population, the remaining 12 million Algerians speak the Amazigh / BerberlanguageFact|date=August 2008.
Variations within Algerian Darija
Within Algerian Arabic itself, there are significant local variations. Algerian Arabic changes from place to place and town to town. Even two towns near one another may not speak the same dialect or accent. It gets more extreme as you head towards the Moroccan and Tunisan borders. These are the major local variations of Algerian
*West Algerian dialects, for instance, are particular in pronouncing the third singular masculine objective pronoun as "h",example, IPA|/ʃʊfteh/ شُفتـَه, I saw himthat would be IPA|/ʃʊftʊ/ in the other dialects.
Tlemcenis noticeable for more than two dialects, mainlyIPA|/qʊlt/ قلت dialectand IPA|/ʔʊlt/ ألت dialect, q is pronounced as a hamza, glottal stop.
Jijel Arabic, in particular, is noteworthy for its pronunciation of "qaf" as "kaf" and its profusion of Berber loanwords.
Certain ports' dialects show influence from
Andalusi Arabicbrought by refugees from al-Andalus. Algerian Arabic is part of the Maghrebi Arabic dialect continuum, and fades into Moroccan Arabicand Tunisian Arabicalong the respective borders.
Algerian Arabic vocabulary is pretty much similar throughout Algeria, although the Easterners sound closer to Tunisians while the Westerners speak an Arabic closer to that of the Moroccans.
Berber languages( Tamazight) are also used in and nearby countries.
List of phonemes as transliterated in this article: 24 consonants:
Prepositions act just like any other noun or just like English prepositions.
Example : « Ana tani. » — "Me too."
Pronouns of the verb
Varieties of Arabic
* Hassaniya Arabic
Languages of Algeria
* [http://www.dicodialna.com Online Dictionary of Algerian Arabic]
* [http://www.e-dz.com/site/content/view/51/75/ Learn Algerian Darja (beginners)]
* [http://musique.arabe.over-blog.com/categorie-10240207] (Algerian Music)
* [http://music.calabashmusic.com/world/africa/algeria] (Algerian Music)
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