- Henry II of Castile
Henry II (
January 13, 1334 Sevilla- May 29, 1379 Santo Domingo de la Calzada), better known as Henry of Trastámara ("Enrique de Trastámara"), 1st Conde de Trastámara, before his coronation, was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castileand Eleanor of Guzmán, half brother to Peter of Castile. He took the throne after defeating and killing Peter in the Castilian Civil War(1366–1369).
As head of a band of mercenaries, and with the aid of
Bertrand du Guesclin, he drove Pedro from his throne in 1366. He was, however, defeated the next year at the Battle of Nájera, and Pedro was restored. Henry defeated Pedro at the Battle of Montieland then murdered him in 1369. Henry then went to war against Portugaland Englandin the Hundred Years' War. For most of his reign he had to fight off the attempts of John of Gaunt, a son of Edward III of England, to claim the Castilian throne in right of his second wife, Pedro's daughter.
27 July, 1350, Henry married Juana Manuel, the daughter of Juan Manuel, Duke of Peñafiel, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. They had three children: John (1358–1390), Eleanor (1361–1425), wife of Charles III of Navarre, and Joanna (1367–1374).
Henry was the first ruler since King
Ergicato use Anti-Semitismas a political tool in Spain. This led to an end to the convivencia, and a period of riots and pogroms, and can be seen as sowing the seeds of the persecution of the Jews by the Spanish Inquisition, beginning a hundred years later.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Henry I of Castile — (14 April 1204 6 June 1217) was king of Castile. He was the son of Alfonso VIII of Castile and his wife Eleanor Plantagenet, (daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine). In 1211, Henry became heir to the throne when his older… … Wikipedia
Henry IV of Castile — Enrique IV (5 January 1425 11 December 1474), King of Castile, nicknamed the Impotent (ruled 1454 1474), was the last of the weak late medieval kings of Castile. During Enrique s reign the nobles increased in power and the nation became less… … Wikipedia
Henry III of Castile — Henry III (October 4, 1379–1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm ( es. Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and Eleanor of Aragon, and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390.Henry was born in Burgos,… … Wikipedia
Castile and Aragon — • The united kingdom which came into existence by the marriage (1469) of Isabella, heiress of Castile, with Ferdinand the Catholic, King of Aragon Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Castile and Aragon Castile and Arag … Catholic encyclopedia
Henry — is an English male given name and a surname, derived from Heinrich of Germanic origin. Equivalents in other languages are Henrik (Scandinavian), Eanruig (Scots Gaelic), Enrico (Italian), Henri (French), Enrique (Spanish), Henrik (Hungarian),… … Wikipedia
Henry of Castile (disambiguation) — Henry of Castile could refer to: *Infante Enrique of Castile *Henry I of Castile *Henry II of Castile *Henry III of Castile *Henry IV of Castile … Wikipedia
Henry, King of Portugal — Henry 17th century painting of Cardinal King Henry King of Portugal and the Algarves Reign 4 August 1578 31 January 1580 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Henry, Duke of Cornwall — was the name of two sons of King Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Henry in total had six children by Catherine of Aragon; 2 girls, 3 boys, and 1 whose sex is unrecorded. Only one of their children, Princess Mary… … Wikipedia
Henry I — may refer to:* Henry I of Germany, the Fowler (876–936). * Henry I, Duke of Bavaria (c. 920–955). * Henry I of Austria (died 1018). * Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (972–1024), called Henry I by historians who don t recognise Henry the Fowler as… … Wikipedia
Henry II — may refer to: King or Emperor *Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, Saint Henry II, (972 1024), Holy Roman Emperor *Henry II of Castile (1334 1379) *Henry II of England (1133 1189), reigned 1154 1189 *Henry II of France (1519 1559) *Henry II of… … Wikipedia