intercomm=Pays de Gex
alt moy=423 m
alt maxi=446 m
Ferney was first noted in 14th-century Burgundian registers as "Fernex." Four centuries later, however,
Voltairechanged the "x" to a "y" due to the excessive number of towns in the region with names ending in "x"," such as Maconnex, Saconnex, Gex, Versonnex, Ornex.
During Voltaire's reign over Ferney in the second part of the 18th century, the town saw rapid expansion. Today Ferney is a peaceful village with Saturday markets and a close community. Ferney is slowly growing with the building of new apartments and houses in the area. It is also home to the "
Lycée International". Voltaire still presides over Ferney with his life-like statue near "La Grande Rue". It is a peaceful place to live in or visit.
From 1759 to 1778 Ferney was home to French
writerand philosopherVoltaire. His influence on the town was profound. He built the local church and founded cottage industries that produced some of the finest potters and watchmakers of modern France. After the French Revolution, the town was renamed "Ferney-Voltaire" in his honor.
In 1759, after having lived in
Genevaless than two years, Voltaire had purchased the estate of Ferney in France, near the Swiss border. A prime reason for his leaving Geneva was that theatrewas forbidden in that Calvinistcity, so he had decided to become the enlightened "patriarch" of the little village of Ferney, setting up potteries, a watchmaking industry and, of course, theaters, attracting rich people from Geneva to watch his plays.
During Voltaire's residence, the population of Ferney increased to more than 1,000. Voltaire lived there for the last 20 years of his life before making a triumphal return to
Paris, where he died in 1778.
Ferney's main attraction is Voltaire's house ("
château"), built 1758-66, now owned and administered by the "Centre des Monuments Nationaux" (an arm of the French Ministry of Culture). It is open to visitors between May and September.
The "château" includes the main building, with a reconstruction of Voltaire's room (moved from its original location by later private owners), a garden with a fine view of the
Alps, and a church dedicated, contrary to custom, directly to God. In the church's inscription, "Deo erexit VOLTAIRE" ("Erected to God by VOLTAIRE"), Voltaire's name is written in the largest characters.
A few dozen meters from the "château" is another impressive house, built in 1900 by "Monsieur" Lambert (the sculptor of the statue of Voltaire; his family owned the "château" before it was purchased by the French government). The house, now privately owned, had been used to store provisions and wine for the "château", and to accommodate the household staff.
The village features 18th-century houses and artisans' workshops; a life-size statue of Voltaire; a smaller bust of him, surmounting a fountain; many restaurants, French and foreign; and proximity to the nearby cosmopolitan city of
Every Saturday, a market is held in the main street of Ferney.
The old road at the centre of the village is very beautiful, and a remnant of the time when Voltaire resided at the "château" in Ferney-Voltaire.
The pedestal of the Voltaire statue, erected in 1890, dedicates that memorial to the town's "benefactor," noting that he built over a hundred houses for the inhabitants, as well as a school and church, gave the town interest-free loans, and fed its inhabitants in time of need.
List of places named after people
Georges Vianès, mayor of Ferney-Voltaire from 1995 to 2001 [ fr QuiElire.fr, [http://www.quielire.fr/elections_municipales_33947_commune_de_ferney_voltaire.html "Commune de FERNEY VOLTAIRE (01210)"] . Consulted on April 11, 2008. ]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Ferney-voltaire — Ferney Voltaire vu d avion Détail … Wikipédia en Français
Ferney-Voltaire — Ferney Voltaire … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ferney-Voltaire — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferney Voltaire Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Ferney-Voltaire — es un municipio francés situado en el departamento de Ain. La ciudad se encuentra en la frontera con Suiza y forma parte de la aglomeración de Ginebra. Ferney ha tomado el nombre de Ferney Voltaire en homenaje a Voltaire, que residió allí a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ferney-Voltaire — (spr. neh wolltähr), Ort im franz. Dep. Ain, nahe bei Genf, (1901) 1269 E.; Wohnort Voltaires (1759 78) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ferney-Voltaire — 46° 15′ 21″ N 6° 06′ 29″ E / 46.2558333333, 6.10805555556 … Wikipédia en Français
Ferney-Voltaire — Original name in latin Ferney Voltaire Name in other language Ferne Vol ter, Ferney, Ferney Voltaire, Ferney Voltaire, fei er mei fu er tai, fyrny fwltyr, ayn, Ферне Вольтер State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 46.25858 latitude… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Château de Ferney-Voltaire — Château de Voltaire Période ou style Classique Type Château Propriétaire initial Voltaire De … Wikipédia en Français
Canton de Ferney-Voltaire — Administration Pays France Région Rhône Alpes Département Ain Arrondissement Gex Code canton … Wikipédia en Français
Canton De Ferney-Voltaire — Administration Pays France Région Rhône Alpes Département Ain Arrondissement Gex Code cantonal 01 13 Chef lie … Wikipédia en Français