A cadastre (also spelled cadaster) is a comprehensive register of the metes and bounds real property of a country, and commonly includes details of the ownership, the tenure, the precise location (some can include GPS coordinates), the dimensions (and area), the cultivations if rural and the value of individual parcels of land.

The word came into English by way of French and Italian, variously attributed to the Late Latin "capitastrum", a register of the poll tax, and the Greek κατάστιχον ["katastikhon"] , a list or register, from κατά στίχον ["kata stikhon"] , literally, "down the line", in the sense of "line by line" along the directions and distances between the corners mentioned and marked by monuments in the metes and bounds.

It gives rise to the adjective "cadastral", used in public administration, primarily for ownership and taxation purposes. The terminology used for cadastral divisions may include counties, parishes, ridings, hundreds, sections, lots, blocks and city blocks.

Cadastral surveys are used to document land ownership, by the production of documents, diagrams, sketches, plans (plats in USA), charts, and maps. They were originally used to ensure reliable facts for land valuation and taxation. An example from early England is the Domesday Book. Napoleon established a comprehensive cadastral system for France which is regarded as the of most modern versions. Cadastral survey information is often a base element in Geographic/Land Information systems used to assess and manage land and built infrastructure. Such systems are also employed on a variety of other tasks, for example, to track long-term changes over time for geological or ecological studies, where land tenure is a significant part of the senario.

A cadastral map is a map showing the boundaries and ownership of land parcels. Some cadastral maps show additional details, such as survey district names, unique identifying numbers for parcels, certificate of title numbers, positions of existing structures, section and/or lot numbers and their respective areas, adjoining and adjacent street names, selected boundary dimensions and references to prior maps.

In most countries legal systems have developed around the original administrative systems and use the cadastre as a means of defining the dimensions and location of land parcels described in legal documentation. This leads to the use of the cadastre as a fundamental source of data in disputes and lawsuits between landowners.

In the United States, Cadastral Survey within the Bureau of Land Management is responsible for maintaining records of all public lands. Such surveys often required detailed investigation of the history of land use, legal accounts and other documents.

ee also

* Estate (house)
* Land registration
* Metes and bounds
* Property
* Real estate
* Recorder of deeds (register of deeds)
* Cadastral divisions of Australia

External links

* Canada Centre for Cadastral Management

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • CADASTRE — On désigne du nom de cadastre à la fois l’ensemble des documents cadastraux établis en vue de l’assiette de l’impôt foncier, ou cadastre proprement dit, et le service administratif du cadastre, chargé des différents travaux cadastraux. L’histoire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cadastre — Ca*das tre, Cadaster Ca*das ter, n. [F. cadastre.] (Law.) An official statement of the quantity and value of real estate for the purpose of apportioning the taxes payable on such property; a public register showing the details of ownership and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cadastre — ca‧das‧tre [kəˈdæstə ǁ ər] noun [countable] LAW a detailed record of who owns particular areas of land, used for collecting taxes * * * cadastre UK US /kəˈdæstər/ noun [C] ► LAW, TAX an official record of the owners of land and of the amount and… …   Financial and business terms

  • cadastré — cadastré, ée (ka da stré, strée) part. passé. Communes cadastrées …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • cadastre — or cadaster [kə das′tər] n. [Fr < It catastro < dial. (Venetian) catastico < LGr katastichon, register, list (lit., line by line): see CATA & STICH] public record of the extent, value, and ownership of land within a district for purposes …   English World dictionary

  • Cadastre — Extrait d’un plan terrier seigneurial de 1750, en Anjou Le terme cadastre (terme occitan venant du grec médiéval κατάστιχον[1]), ou un mot apparenté étymologiquement, se retrouve dans de nombreuses langues. Bien que les dictionna …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CADASTRE — s. m. Registre public dans lequel la quantité et la valeur des biens fonds sont marquées en détail. Dresser le cadastre. Le cadastre sert de règle pour l assiette de l impôt.   Il se dit aussi de L opération qui consiste à déterminer l étendue et …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • CADASTRE — n. m. Registre public dans lequel la quantité et la valeur des biens fonds sont marqués en détail pour servir de base à l’assiette de l’impôt foncier. Dresser le cadastre. Il se dit aussi de l’Opération qui consiste à déterminer l’étendue et la… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • cadastre — (ka da str ) s. m. 1°   Autrefois, registre qui servait à l assiette des tailles réelles.    Aujourd hui, registre public dans lequel sont relatées la quantité et la valeur des biens fonds. 2°   L arpentage et l évaluation des propriétés… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • cadastre — nm., plan cadastral ; service du cadastre : KADÂSTRO (Albanais.001B, Annecy, Saxel, Villards Thônes). A1) cadastre, carte, plan : MAPA nf. (001A, Combe Si.), R. => Carte …   Dictionnaire Français-Savoyard