- Pierre Bourque (politician)
name = Pierre Bourque
honorific-suffix = GOQ
order = 40th Mayor of Montreal
term_start = 1994
term_end = 2001
29 May 1942
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
constituency = Marie-Victorin
Pierre Bourque (born
29 May 1942) is a Quebecbusinessman and politician.
He was director of the Montreal Botanical Gardens from 1980 to 1994.
Mayor of Montreal
Bourque was the mayor of
Montreal, Quebecfrom 1994 to 2001 (as the leader of the Vision Montrealparty).
Bourque proved eccentric and sometimes controversial as mayor. Known as a greenspace aficionado, he supported the creation of parks, implemented tree-planting initiatives, as well as creating Eco-Centres (reusable materials) and Eco-Quartier program (
recycling). He was also responsible for the revitalization of many important districts of Montreal ( Saint Catherine Street, Old Montrealand the Multimedia City) as well as the reopening of the Lachine Canal.
In 1998, responding to critics who denounced him for not fighting poverty, he spent the night with a working-class family. He was also well-known for his close ties to cultural communities.
Bourque's successful attempt at merging all of Montreal’s 28 municipalities into a megacity of 1.8 million people and 27 boroughs cost him the election in 2001. Although he gathered a majority of votes in what was until then the city of Montreal, protest votes against the very principle of the merger in the former suburbs ensured a solid victory to his rival
He subsequently attempted to enter provincial politics, running as an
Action démocratique du Québeccandidate in the 2003 Quebec election, but was defeated. He then returned to municipalpolitics, but was unable to win re-election as mayor.
Leader of the Opposition
Bourque lost for a second time to
incumbent-mayor Gérald Tremblayin his fight to regain control of city hall in the Montreal municipal elections held on November 6, 2005, this time by a 74,646 vote margin. The voter turnout was estimated at 39.13%, the lowest ever in the history of Montreal municipal elections. (See Quebec municipal elections, 2005).
3 May 2006, Bourque stepped down as Leader of the Opposition on Montreal's city council.
Retirement from Public Office
He currently runs a company called Constellation Monde Inc. which operates in
China. Bourque wants to develop further economic links between the country and the province. [http://lcn.canoe.com/lcn/infos/regional/archives/2007/01/20070110-171019.html]
In 1993, he was made a Knight of the
National Order of Quebec.
In 2008 he was given the
Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon from the government of Japan [http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partI/2007/20071124/pdf/g1-14147.pdf]
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