Patria (company)


Patria (company)

Infobox Company
company_name = Patria Oyj
company_
company_type = Public
foundation = 1997
location = Helsinki, Finland
key_people = Heikki Allonen, Chief Executive Officer
industry = Aerospace and defense
products = Armored vehicles, weapon systems, munitions, space technology, aircraft parts
revenue = profit 447,8 million (2006)
net_income = profit 26,9 million € (2006)
num_employees = 2,447 (2006)
parent = Finnish Ministry of Employment and the Economy (73,2 %), EADS N.V. (26,8%)
homepage = [http://www.patria.fi/index2_fin.htm www.patria.fi]

Patria is a Finnish company which produces a wide range of defence, aviation and aerospace technology.

Aviation

In April 1921, the company Ilmailuvoimien Lentokonetehdas (Air Force Aircraft Factory, often abbreviated to I.V.L. or IVL) was established at Suomenlinna in Helsinki in April 1921.

The first aircraft to be produced was a license copy of the German design Hansa-Brandenburg W.33, which was called A.22 Hansa. Soon thereafter, the company began making own designs and license manufacture other types of aircraft.

In February 1928 the company was renamed into Valtion Lentokonetehdas (State Aircraft Factory, often abbreviated to V.L. or VL) and another factory was established at Santahamina, Helsinki. There tooIndigenous designs and license built aircraft. The most numerous type at the time was the Fokker D.XXI with 90 produced.

In 1935" Valtion Lentokonetehdas" was re-organized, the works at Suomenlinna and Santahamina were closed and all design and production work was moved to Tampere. In 1940 a second factory was opened at Kuorevesi, three years later a third one was opened at Linnavuori.

With the ending of World War II in 1945, the "Valtion Lentokonetehdas" and other state owned factories were merged into the company Valtion Metallitehtaat Lentokonetehdas (State Metal Factories, often abbreviated to V.M.T. or VMT). This company did not only focus on aircraft but on anything from general house-hold machinery to engines.

The Finnish aircraft design declined during a number of years and it was not until 1951 when a new design was flown. That same year "Valtion Metallitehtaat Lentokonetehdas" was re-named Valmet OY Lentokonetehdas (Valmet Aircraft Factory) with its subsidiaries named "Valmet Oy Tampereen tehdas ja Kuoreveden tehdas" (Valmet Oy Tampere works and Kuorevesi works). The company has been renamed many times since the 1960s. In 1963 Karhumäki works at Kuorevesi became part of Valmet. Its main business was maintenance work for the Ilmavoimat (Finnish AF). In 1967 Valmet moved all its aviation activities to Kuorevesi. In 1974 "Valmet OY Lentokonetehdas" was renamed Valmet Lentokonetehtaat (Valmet Aviation Industries), and in 1989 "Valmet Lentokonetehdas" was renamed into Valmet Lentokoneteollisuus (Valmet Aircraft Industries). On September 5, 1996 "Valmet" became Patria Finavitec Oy.

Aircraft

Ilmailuvoimien Lentokonetehdas

* IVL A.22 Hansa (Hansa-Brandenburg W.33)
* IVL C.24
* IVL C.25
* Caudron C.60
* IVL D.26 Haukka I
* IVL K.1 Kurki

Valtion Lentokonetehdas

* VL D.27 Haukka II
* VL Sääski (Mosquito)
* Koolhoven FK.31
* VL E.30 Kotka
* VL F.30 Paarma
* Letov Š-218 Smolik
* VL Tuisku
* VL Viima
* VL Pyry
* VL Myrsky
* VL Humu
* VL Pyörremyrsky

;licence built
* Blackburn Ripon
* Bristol Blenheim
* de Havilland Moth
* Fokker C.X
* Fokker D.XXI
* Gloster Gamecock

Valmet

* Valmet Vihuri
* Valmet Tuuli
* Fouga CM 170R Magister
* Saab 35 Draken
* Valmet L-70 Miltrainer Vinka
* BAE Hawk
* Valmet L-80TP Turbo-Vinka
* Valmet PIK-23 Towmaster
* Valmet L-90TP Redigo
* F-18C Hornet

Patria Aviation

* NH90
* Mini-UAVs [ [http://eurosatory.janes.com/public/adlink/ads/1156755.pdf Brochure on the Mini-UAV] ]

;Aircraft parts for:
* Airbus A320
* Airbus A380
* Airbus A400M (when initiated)
* Embraer 145
* Saab 340
* Saab 2000

Patria Systems

*Electronics and space technology etc.

Vehicles

*XA-series APCs:
**Sisu XA-180
**Sisu XA-185
**Patria XA-202
**Patria XA-203
*Patria AMV - Armoured Modular Vehicle

Mortar systems

*AMOS - Advanced Mortar System
*NEMO - Light version of AMOS

Criminal investigation

As of 5 September 2008, Patria is under investigation by the Finnish National Bureau of Investigation on its vehicle project in Slovenia and howitzer project in Egypt. [ [http://www.patria.fi/modules/release/show_release.asp?Id=7FA2B289553C418DA029ACD16953D07B&groupid=DE8140FCDD1C41ADA5CE28E1A5674A41&layout=2005_eng&tabletarget=data_1&pid=CF52E1D41C9B4E47BEBF84BA37461E71 Patria press release about the investigation] ] The company's former CEO Jorma Wiitakorpi resigned at August 18th, 2008 when the investigation was still ongoing. He was succeeded by former board member Heikki Allonen. [ [http://www.patria.fi/modules/release/show_release.asp?Id=F1C95226F7484513A68D7B9CC2C81799&groupid=DE8140FCDD1C41ADA5CE28E1A5674A41&layout=2005_eng&tabletarget=data_1&pid=CF52E1D41C9B4E47BEBF84BA37461E71 Patria press release about the CEO change] ] Furthermore, several other employees have been arrested on charges of bribery. The case is ongoing and currently (as of 5 September 2008) the criminal investigation is underway.

Yleisradio's investigative program MOT published details of the case, causing a scandal in Slovenia, since the Slovenian Government including Prime Minister Janez Jansa is allegedly involved.

External links

* [http://www.patria.fi/index2.htm Company website]

See also

*Patria affair


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