Saronic Gulf


Saronic Gulf

The Saronic Gulf (Greek: Σαρωνικός κόλπος, "Saronikós kólpos") or Gulf of Aegina in Greece forms part of the Aegean Sea and defines the eastern side of the isthmus of Corinth. It is the eastern terminus of the Corinth Canal, which cuts across the isthmus. Islands that are lined in the middle of the Gulf are Aegina, Salamis, and Poros along with smaller islands of Patroklou and Vleves. The port of Piraeus, also Athens' port is lying on the northeastern edge of the gulf. Ellinikon International Airport, used to stood is also in the northeast. Beaches are lined up to much of its coast from Poros to Epidaurus, Galataki to Kineta and from Megara to Eleusis and from Piraeus down to Anavyssos. Athens' urban area surrounds the northern and the eastern coasts of this gulf.

Bays in the gulf include Phaleron Bay, also Faliro Bay near Faliro (Phaleron) southwest of Athens, Elefsina Bay to the north and Kechries Bay in the northwest. The closest to Athens.

The volcanoes of Methana is to the southwest along with Kromyonia at the Isthmus of Corinth, Aegina and Poros. Methana is also the youngest, active volcano center and the northwestern end of the cycladic arch of active volcanoes like Milos island, Santorini island and Nisyros island. The last eruption took place in a submarine volcano north of Methana in the 17th century.

The gulf has refineries around the northern part of the gulf including east of Corinth and west of Agioi Theodoroi, Eleusis, Aspropyrgos, Skaramangas and Keratsini, mainly in the northern part and the most refineries around gulfs in Greece and production. The ships cross these routes. The total production are one of the highest in Greece. Most of the oils are mainly exported. The route cross the strait between Salamis and Perama. These refineries are Athens' main oil production and the rest of Greece.

The origin of the name comes from the mythological king Saron who drowned at the Psifaei lake (modern Psifta). The Saronic Gulf was a string of six entrances to the Underworld, each guarded by a chthonic enemy in the shapes of thieves and bandits.

The Battle of Salamis changed the development of Europe until today.

Fault lines dominate especially in the northwestern part.

An earthquake on Monday January 4, 2005 rumbled the Saronic at the Richter scale of 4.9. The epicentre was at ?. It tremored Aegina and Nafplio and went as far as Kalamata. It occurred at 16:00 (UTC), 18:00 local time (BNST).

The port of Cenchreae used to situate here.

Tributaries

*Kechries Bay
*Saronic Bay Coast (basin)
**Lower Galataki Basin
**Upper Galataki Basin
**Examilia Basin
**Athikia Basin
*Loutro Basin
*Megara Bay/Megara Gulf
*Cephissus River (Eleusis)
*Cephissus (Athenian plain) between Piraeus and Phaliron.

Capes

*Cape Lomvardi - SW of Vouliagmeni


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saronic Gulf — [sə rän′ik] inlet of the Aegean Sea, in SE Greece, between Attica & the Peloponnesus: c. 50 mi (80 km) long …   English World dictionary

  • Saronic Gulf — /seuh ron ik/ an inlet of the Aegean, on the SE coast of Greece, between Attica and the Peloponnesus. 50 mi. (80 km) long; 30 mi. (48 km) wide. Also called Gulf of Aegina. * * * Gulf of the Aegean Sea, southeastern coast of Greece. Some 50 mi (80 …   Universalium

  • Saronic Gulf — /səˌrɒnɪk ˈgʌlf/ (say suh.ronik gulf) noun a wide inlet of the Aegean Sea, on the south eastern coast of Greece. Also, Gulf of Aegina …   Australian English dictionary

  • Saronic Gulf — noun a gulf of the Aegean on the southeastern coast of Greece • Syn: ↑Gulf of Aegina • Instance Hypernyms: ↑inlet, ↑recess • Part Holonyms: ↑Greece, ↑Hellenic Republic, ↑Ellas …   Useful english dictionary

  • Saronic Gulf — Sa•ron′ic Gulf′ [[t]səˈrɒn ɪk[/t]] n. geg an inlet of the Aegean, on the SE coast of Greece, between Attica and the Peloponnesus …   From formal English to slang

  • Saronic Gulf — geographical name inlet of the Aegean SE Greece between Attica & the Peloponnese …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Argo-Saronic Gulf — is a term sometimes used to combine the adjacent Saronic Gulf and Argolic Gulf of Greece. It contains the Argo Saronic Islands …   Wikipedia

  • Saronic Islands — The Saronic Islands are so named because they lie in the Saronic Gulf just off the Greek mainland. The main inhabited islands of this group are Salamis Island (where the ancient Greek navy defeated the Persians in the Battle of Salamis), Aegina,… …   Wikipedia

  • gulf — gulflike, adj. gulfy, adj. /gulf/, n. 1. a portion of an ocean or sea partly enclosed by land. 2. a deep hollow; chasm or abyss. 3. any wide separation, as in position, status, or education. 4. something that engulfs or swallows up. v.t. 5. to… …   Universalium

  • Gulf of Euboea — Coordinates: 38°33′N 23°30′E / 38.55°N 23.5°E / 38.55; 23.5 The Gulf of Euboea, Euboean Gulf, Euboic Sea or …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.