Bayerischer Rundfunk


Bayerischer Rundfunk

Bayerischer Rundfunk [Bavarian Broadcasting] (BR) is the public broadcasting authority for the German Freistaat (Free State) of Bavaria, with its main offices located in Munich. BR is a member of ARD.

Legal foundation

BR is a broadcaster for the general public. Its functions are determined by a legal foundation, which creates the broadcaster's principles and its internal organization. These regulations are contained in the Bavarian Broadcasting Law (Bayerischen Rundfunkgesetz), originally passed in 1948, and updated in 1993. At that time, it was comprehensively amended to relevant current media and political needs. This broadcast law is supplemented by the so-called Broadcast State Contract (Rundfunkstaatsvertrag), a multilateral agreement between all 16 German Länder which regulates the relationship of public and private broadcast in the dual broadcast system and which contains fundamental regulations particularly for financing. Just as important for the work of Bavarian Broadcasting is the cooperation of the ARD consortium, consisting of nine other regional broadcasting corporates as well as Deutsche Welle. The broadcasting service is further backed by the relevant European legal bases as well as the media service convention, which contain regulations for the on-line offerings of Bavarian Broadcasting.

Finances

Licensing fees required for Radio and TV sets are €17.03 per month, as of 1 April 2005. For radio reception alone, the monthly fee is €5.52. BR derives 84 % of its income from licensing fees, up to 13 % from other sources of income (e.g. product licensing and investments) and up to 3 % from advertising. For expenditures, 60 % are spent on TV programs, 28 % for radio programs, 8 % for engineering and technical maintenance, and 4 % for management expenses.

Television series produced by BR

BR produces several series that are well known throughout Bavaria, and some of these are re-broadcast throughout other parts of Germany. These include:
* "Rundschau"
* "quer"
* "Münchner Runde"
* "Alpha Centauri"
* "Space Night
* "Kunst und Krempel"
* "Unter unserem Himmel" ("Under our Skies")
* "Café Meineid"
* "Zur Freiheit" ("To Freedom")

Advertising

BR's TV channel, Bayerisches Fernsehen (Bavarian Television), as with all regional "Third Channel" broadcasters (as well as arte, 3Sat, KI.KA, Phoenix and BR-alpha) is free of advertising. Advertising is also not permitted on ARD's "Das Erste" or on ZDF on Sundays, holidays, or on any day after 8 pm. On weekdays, only 20 minutes of advertising is permitted, split between breaks between programs. Program sponsoring is not considered to be advertising, and is not subject to these restrictions.

Studios

BR operates a main broadcasting facility in Munich as well as studios in Freimann and Unterföhring. There are also regional TV and radio studios in Nuremberg ("Studio Franconia"), Würzburg ("Regional studio Franconia/River Main") and Regensburg ("Regional Studio East Bavaria").

Programming

BR provides programs to various TV and radio networks, some done in collaboration with other broadcasters, and others completely independently.

Television channels

* Bayerisches Fernsehen — Third TV channel for Bavaria.
* ARD -BR contributes programming to Germany's main network.
* BR-alpha — educational programming
* Phoenix — collaborative network programming between the ARD and ZDF.
* KI.KA — Children's network from the ARD and ZDF.
* arte — Franco-German cultural network
* 3sat — Cultural network from the ARD, ZDF, ORF (Austrian Broadcasting), and SRG (Swiss Broadcasting).

Radio channels

* Bayern 1 (Bavaria 1) — Main programme, with a target audience of adults over 35
* Bayern 2 Radio (Bavaria 2) — Cultural word and alternative music radio
* Bayern 3 (Bavaria 3) — Pop music, targeting a younger audience
* Bayern 4 Klassik (Bavaria 4 Classical) — Classical music
* B5 aktuell (B5 up-to-date) — News non-stop (news update every 15 minutes)

Three further channels are available only via digital satellite, digital radio or Internet streaming:

* BR mobil (BR On the move) — "'Light' music for driving"
* BR Verkehr (BR Traffic) — Latest traffic news read by a computer voice
* on3radio — youth programming, focus on alternative music (also on AM transmtters)

Musical organizations

BR administers three musical organizations:

* Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks (Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra), founded in 1949. Music directors have included Eugen Jochum, Rafael Kubelík, Sir Colin Davis and Lorin Maazel. Mariss Jansons has been serving in this post since 2003.
* Münchner Rundfunkorchester (Munich Radio Orchestra), founded in the 1920s, reorganized in 1952. The orchestra is known for its Sunday concerts, and youth/children's concerts. As of August 2005, the orchestra is threatened with dissolution in 2006. Marcello Viotti gave up his post as music director, but continued to conduct the orchestra. He died on 16 February 2005 as a result of a stroke suffered during a performance of "Manon."
* Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks (Bavarian Radio Choir), founded in 1946 as "Rundfunkchor München" (Munich Radio Choir). The choir has premiered works by Rafael Kubelík and Hans Pfitzner.

Transmitters

* Transmitter for VHF, AM and shortwave in Ismaning
* Transmitter for VHF, AM and TV on the Dillberg
* Transmitter for VHF, AM and TV in Würzburg
* Transmitter for AM in Hof
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Wendelstein
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Kreuzberg (Rhön)
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Grünten
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Brotjacklriegel
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Hohen Bogen
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Hohen Linie
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Ochsenkopf
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Büttelberg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Pfaffenberg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Hohenpeißenberg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Hühnerberg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV in Coburg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV in Augsburg
* Transmitter for VHF and TV on the Hochberg

Podcasts

An ever increasing number of podcasts produced by BR are available. This includes podcasts by either Bayerisches Fernsehen and the radio stations.

History

Managing Directors of BR since 1945:

* Field Horine (Chief of Section, Radio Munich) — 1945–1947
* Edmund Schechter — 1947
* Rudolf von Scholtz — 1947–1956
* Franz Stadelmayer — 1956–1960
* Christian Wallenreiter — 1960–1972
* Reinhold Vöth — 1972–1990
* Prof. Dr. h.c. Albert Scharf — 1990–2002
* Dr. Thomas Gruber — 2002–present

Opt-outs

In the 1970s, Bayerischer Rundfunk was notorious for opting out of national ARD television broadcasts when certain broadcast programmes were deemed too controversial.

The best-known opt outs include:
* "Sesamstraße" (the German version of "Sesame Street" was deemed degenerate by Bavarian broadcasting authorities).
* Rosa von Praunheim's "NICHT DER HOMOSEXUELLE IST PERVERS, SONDERN DIE SITUATION IN DER ER LEBT" was not broadcasted through BR's transmitters, as the subject matter was deemed inapproriate for a Bavarian audience.
* "Die Konsequenz" - a Wolfgang Petersen made-for-TV movie about a homosexual love affair. Bayerischer Rundfunk boycotted the network premiere on ARD on November 8, 1977.

These and all other opt-outs have since been shown on Bavaria's third channel, Bayrisches Fernsehen and today, Bayrischer Rundfunk no longer opts out of national broadcasts.

"See also:" German television

External links

* [http://www.br-online.de/ Bayerischer Rundfunk Homepage] de icon


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