Grupo Financiero Banamex


Grupo Financiero Banamex

Infobox_Company
company_name = Grupo Financiero Banamex
company_
company_type = Public (NYSE: [http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=C C] )
company_slogan =
foundation = 1882 as "Banco Nacional de México (Banamex)"
location = Mexico City, Mexico
key_people = Roberto Hernández Ramírez, (CEO)
industry = Financial Services
num_employees = 40,000
products = Banking, Financial
parent = Citigroup
homepage = [http://www.banamex.com/ Banamex]

Grupo Financiero Banamex has its origins and is the owner of Banco Nacional de México or Banamex, Mexico's second largest bank behind BBVA Bancomer. The Banamex Financial Group was purchased by Citigroup in August 2001 for $12.5 billion USD. It continues to operate as a Citigroup subsidiary.

tatistics

"Banco Nacional de Mexico (Bank):"

* 1,233 Branches
* 28,759 Branch Employees
* 4,492 ATMs
* 7.9 million Credit Cards
* 2.6 million Checking Accounts
* 20.52% of the Assets in the Mexican Banking System

"Seguros Banamex (Insurance):"

* 5th Place among Mexican Insurers

"Afore Banamex (Pension Funds):"

* 1st in Pension Funds
* Over 4 million strong in affiliates

"Accival - Acciones y Valores de México (Brokerage House):"

* Top Brokerage of the country
* 16% of the assets

Grupo Financiero Banamex has presence in the main towns and cities of all the states of Mexico.

History

Banamex was formed on June 2 1884 from the merger of two banks, Banco Nacional Mexicano and Banco Mercantil Mexicano, two banks that had operated since the beginning of 1882. The newly founded bank had branches in Mérida, Veracruz, Puebla, Guanajuato and San Luis Potosi, and opened a branch in Guadalajara. In 1916, General Pancho Villa’s revolution interrupted the bank’s role as banknote issuer for the Porfirio Diaz regime.

The bank was reorganized in 1926, becoming a financing bank and establishing the first agency of a Latin American bank in New York.

Banamex gradually introduced several financial product innovations to the Mexican market including savings accounts (in 1929), personal credit lines (in 1958), credit cards (in 1968), and ATM banking (in 1972).

In 1981, California Commerce Bank was acquired by Banamex.

In the midst of a severe economic crisis (1982), President Jose Lopez Portillo announced a major devaluation of the peso and nationalized all private banks in Mexico. For the next 9 years Banamex operates as a government owned national credit association.

In 1991, Banamex was reprivatized and it established Grupo Financiero Banamex–Accival with the investment bank Acciones y Valores de México (Accival). For the next four years Banamex and the rest of the Mexican private banks presided over an unprecedented expansion of private credit in Mexico. This expansion occurred in an environment characterized by: i) the lack of a credit culture at the newly privatized banks, which had been bought at rich multiples by individuals and organizations without lending experience, and ii) lax oversight by regulatory authorities, which led in some instances to the occurrence of irregular transactions (such as related party transactions).

The result of this aggressive expansion of credit was to strain the bank's balance sheet (loan portfolio quality ratios and capitalization ratios). The December 1994 macro-devaluation of the Mexican Pesos (see the December Mistake) and the ensuing significant increase in domestic interest rates coupled with a dramatic economic recession, caused Banamex's and much of the rest of the privatized banks to essentially become insolvent.

In order to avoid the potentially catastrophic effects of generalized bank bankruptcies, the Ernesto Zedillo administration decides to rescue the troubled banks through a government fund (Instituto de Protección al Ahorro Bancario orIPAB, later called Fondo Bancario de Protección al Ahorro or Fobaproa). IPAB enticed the banks' shareholders to inject fresh equity into the banks by pledging to buy from the banks non-performing loans ("cartera vencida") in a two to one (or in some cases greater) ratio with respect to the newly injected fresh capital in exchange for a long-dated government note with capitalized interest.

Banamex eventually sold $_ worth of non-performing loans to IPAB, and its shareholders injected $_ of fresh equity. The combination of these measures coupled with a recovery of the Mexican economy helped clean-up the bank's balance sheet.

From 1997 to 2001 Roberto Hernández Ramírez was the CEO. In 1997 Afore Banamex was created to tap into the newly created private pension fund market. On August 6, 2001, Citigroup Inc. acquired Grupo Financiero Banamex-Accival for US$12.5 billion, which became Grupo Financiero Banamex. This was the largest-ever U.S.-Mexico corporate merger. Grupo Financiero Banamex's operations were integrated with Citibank's relatively small existing Mexico business under the Banamex brand name. This move has caused large controversy in Mexico due to the purchase of many national banks by overseas companies. Manuel Medina Mora current CEO of Latin America.

ubsidiaries

The following are subsidiaries of Grupo Financiero Banamex:
* Banamex http://www.banamex.com
* Fondos Horizontes Banamex http://www.fondoshorizontes.com & http://www.fondoshorizontes.com.mx
* Brokerage House Accival http://www.accival.com.mx
* AcciTrade http://www.accitrade.com http://www.accitrade.com.mx
* Seguros Banamex http://www.banamex.com
* AeroMexico http://www.aeromexico.com
* Afore Banamex http://www.banamex.com
* Inteligia, joint venture with Accenture to provide software outsourcing
* California Bank of Commerce (recently changed its name to Citigroup Banamex USA) http://www.ccbusa.com

ee also

*1884 in Mexico

External links

* [http://www.banamex.com/ Web site]
* [http://www.banamex.com/eng/ English web site]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grupo Financiero Banamex — surge en agosto del 2001 como resultado de la venta del Grupo Financiero Banamex Accival (Fundado por el Lic. Roberto Hernández Ramírez y Alfredo Harp Helú) al Grupo Financiero Citigroup, conservando el nombre de la institución financiera más… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grupo Financiero Banamex — (GF BANAMEX; dt.: Banamex Finanzgruppe) ist eine Unternehmensgruppe in Mexiko, die im August 2001 aus dem Verkauf der Grupo Financiero Banamex Accival („Banacci“) an die Citigroup Inc. hervorging. Die sogenannte „Banacci“ war eine durch die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grupo Financiero Banamex-Accival — Grupo Financiero Banamex (GF BANAMEX; dt.: Banamex Finanzgruppe) ist eine Unternehmensgruppe in Mexiko, die im August 2001 aus dem Verkauf der Grupo Financiero Banamex Accival („Banacci“) an die Citigroup Inc. hervorging. Die sogenannte „Banacci“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grupo Financiero Banorte — En este artículo se detectaron los siguientes problemas: Su redacción actual está escrita a modo de publicidad. No tiene una redacción neutral. Carece de fuentes o referencias que aparezcan en una fuente acreditada. Por favor …   Wikipedia Español

  • BANAMEX — Banco Nacional de México Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 2. Juni 1882 Un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banamex — Banco Nacional de México Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 2. Juni 1882 Un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banacci — Grupo Financiero Banamex (GF BANAMEX; dt.: Banamex Finanzgruppe) ist eine Unternehmensgruppe in Mexiko, die im August 2001 aus dem Verkauf der Grupo Financiero Banamex Accival („Banacci“) an die Citigroup Inc. hervorging. Die sogenannte „Banacci“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banco Nacional de Mexico — Banamex Banco Nacional de México Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 2. Juni 1882 Un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banco Nacional de México — Banamex Banco Nacional de México Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 2. Juni 1882 Sitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banco Nacional de México — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Banco Nacional de México S.A. de C.V. (BANAMEX) es una entidad bancaria mexicana que agrupa un conjunto de empresas de servicios financieros. Información General El 2 de junio de 1884, surgió el Banco Nacional de… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.