Františkovy Lázně

Františkovy Lázně

Geobox | Settlement
name = Františkovy Lázně
other_name =
category = Town

image_caption =

| flag_border = 1
symbol = Znak obce Františkovy lázně.jpg
etymology =
official_name =
motto =
nickname =
country = Czech Republic

state =
region = Karlovy Vary
region_type = Region
district = Cheb
district_type = District
commune = Cheb
municipality =
part =
river =
location =
elevation = 442
lat_d = 50
lat_m = 7
lat_s = 13.19
lat_NS = N
long_d = 12
long_m = 21
long_s = 6.26
long_EW = E
highest =
highest_elevation =
highest_lat_d =
highest_long_d =
lowest =
lowest_elevation =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_long_d =
area = 25.74
area_round = 2
population = 5428
population_date = 2005
population_density = auto
established = 15th century
established_type = First mentioned
mayor = Ivo Mlátilík
timezone =

map_background = Czechia - background map.png map_caption = Location in the Czech Republic
map_locator = Czechia
commons = Františkovy Lázně
statistics = []
website = []
footnotes =

Františkovy Lázně (IPA2|ˈfrancɪʃkovɪ ˈla:zɲɛ; German "Franzensbad") is a town in Cheb District of Karlovy Vary Region in the western Bohemia (Czech Republic), near the town of Cheb with about 5,200 inhabitants.

Františkovy Lázně is world renowned as a spa. The salutary effects of the springs were known from the 15th century on. First, the water was used locally for salutary purposes, later sold all over Germany. In 1700, it reportedly sold more water than all other German spas combined. In the year 1793, the town was officially founded under the name "Kaiser Franzensdorf" (Emperor Francis II's village) and later renamed to "Franzensbad", under which name it became a famous spa.

Until their expulsion in 1945 the majority of the population of the city was German (see Sudetenland).

It was the first peat pulp bath in the world and operated 24 mineral springs, 12 of which are still in operation.

The local natural mineral water has a relatively high content of dissolved carbon dioxide. The effects of the carbonic baths are shown in the better performance of the cardiovascular system, in the mild decrease of blood pressure in the pulse, in the lower occurrence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body, and also in terms of rheumatics, and in the improved blood circulation in tissues and the vegetative stabilisation.

The local mud treatments represent a traditional curative method which has thermal, chemical and mechanical effects. The mud treatment consists of a thick mushy combination of mud and mineral water which is heated up to a temperature which is significantly higher than body temperature. The treatment has a positive effect on mobility of muscles and the pain in treated tissues.

Thanks to its wide range of services and large accommodation capacities, the local Spa corporation is the biggest spa corporation in the Czech Republic.

External links

* [ Official site on Czech, English and German]
* [ Czech Health Spas]
* [ Official site of the Spa corporation]

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