- Mario Einaudi
Mario Einaudi was a scholar of political theory and European comparative politics. He was born in 1905 in Italy. His father, Luigi Einaudi, was one of Italy’s great economic thinkers and later became the first President of the Republic of Italy (1948-55). A graduate of the University of Turin’s distinguished law faculty, Mario Einaudi married Manon Michels, the daughter of the socialist Robert Michels, in 1933.
After graduation from Turin with a dissertation on Edmund Burke, Einaudi went to Berlin, where he met German jurists Fredrich Meinecke and Carl Schmitt. He then spent two years at the London School of Economics working with William Beveridge, Harold Laski, Graham Wallas and A. D. Lindsay. While in London, he also met exiles from Fascism, Don Luigi Sturzo and Gaetano Salvemini, both of whom had formed political parties after World War I, only to be brushed aside by Mussolini.
From 1927 – 1929, Einaudi attended Harvard University as a Rockefeller fellow, conducting research on the United States Supreme Court. Later, he was fired from the faculty at the University of Messina for refusing to sign the Fascist oath; however, Harvard University gave him refuge, first as a tutor and then as an instructor.
In 1938, Einaudi was appointed as Assistant Professor at Fordham University where he was active in the struggle against fascism during World War II. He worked for the Office of War Information and the Council on Foreign Relations and began to teach future Allied Military Government personnel about European government once a week at Cornell University. It is said that he prepared his lectures on the now defunct Lehigh Valley railroad, during his commute between New York City and Ithaca, NY.
Einaudi joined the Government Department of Cornell University in 1945 and immediately set about changing the course of comparative political theory. Eventually, Einaudi became the Goldwin Smith Professor, chair of the Department of Government from 1951 to 1956 and again from 1959 to 1963, presiding over an expansion of the Department from 5 to 12 members. Three central tenets to Einaudi’s work were: that the study of politics must be embedded in history; that Europe and the United States have much to teach each other about the practice of democratic politics; and that the classics of political theory must inform the study of contemporary democratic states. These themes were best embodied in his 1959 book, “italic” The Roosevelt Revolution.
In 1960, Einaudi was asked to be the founding director of the Center for International Studies to initiate Cornell University’s newfound commitment to engage in interdisciplinary research in international affairs. He envisioned international studies going beyond courses in area studies and foreign languages to include academic efforts to deal with economic, social, and development problems around the world. His brilliant foresight and innovative leadership resulted in a design for the Center that insured its viability and growth into the future. Starting with a $3.25 million grant from the Ford Foundation in 1962, he raised more than $11 million to fund and endow international studies at Cornell during his leadership of the Center from 1960-1962, 1966-1968.
In 1964, he founded the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi in Turin, Italy(http://www.fondazioneeinaudi.it/) in honor of his father. As Italian universities entered the turbulent 1960s, Einaudi recognized that European scholars were without necessary relief from teaching and administration needed to devote themselves to research. Hence, the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi was formed to transplant the American idea of the independent research institute to Italy. Today, it houses one of the world’s most important economic history collections and gives postgraduate fellowships for students from around the world.
Although Einaudi retired in 1972, he remained active in Cornell's Center for International Studies, advising students, supporting its many activities, and inspiring the founding and expansion of the Institute for European Studies. With the help of the Italian Government, Einaudi also raised the funds for the Luigi Einaudi Chair in European and International Studies at Cornell. Since 1987, the Chair brings distinguished European scholars working in fields related to Luigi Einaudi’s interest to the Cornell campus on a rotating basis.
In 1991, the Cornell’s Center for International Studies was renamed the Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies. Cornell’s Board of Trustees honored him for his long dedication to the University and as a “tireless proponent of clear and critical thinking, democracy, and ethics in politics; and a firm believer in the power of human values to transform the world.”
Mario Einaudi died in 1994 in Piedmont, Italy.
The Physiocratic Doctrine of Judicial Control Harvard University Press, 1938
Communism in Western Europe Cornell University Press, 1951
Christian Democracy in Italy and France(co-authored with François Goguel) University of Notre Dame Press, 1952
Nationalization in France and Italy (co-authored with Maurice Byé and Ernesto Rossi) Cornell University Press, 1955
The Roosevelt Revolution and the New American State New York: Harcourt Brace, 1959
The Early Rousseau Cornell University Press, 1967
 Comparative Theory and Political Experience: Mario Einaudi and the Liberal Tradition. Ed. Peter J. Katzenstein, Theodore Lowi, Sidney Tarrow. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990.
 Faculty and Staff. Annual Report (1992): The Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies. Ithaca: Cornell University, 1992.
 Tarrow, Sidney. "Mario Einaudi." Political Science and Politics 27.3 (1994): 570.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mario Perniola — (born May 20, 1941, in Asti, Italy) is an internationally acclaimed Italian philosopher, professor of Aesthetics and author. Many of his works have been published in English. Contents 1 Biography 2 Philosophy of Literature 3 Counter Culture … Wikipedia
Mario Perniola — (né à Asti, au Piémont en 1941) est un philosophe italien, chercheur en communication, spécialiste en esthétique, théoricien de l’art et de la littérature et spécialiste de la sexologie. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Pensée … Wikipédia en Français
Mario Fortunato — (* 2. September 1958 in Cirò, Provinz Crotone in der Region Kalabrien) ist ein italienischer Journalist und Schriftsteller. Fortunato studierte Philosophie in Rom. Ab 1983 arbeitete er als Kulturjournalist, zuerst bei Rai 3 und für verschiedene… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mario Tronti — (Rome, 1931) est un philosophe et un homme politique italien, considéré comme l un des fondateurs de l opéraïsme théorique des années soixante. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 3 Bibliographie … Wikipédia en Français
Mario Tronti — (Rome, 1931) is an Italian philosopher and politician, considered as one of the founders of the theory of operaismo in the 1960s. Contents 1 Biography 2 Publications 3 Bibliography 4 … Wikipedia
Mario Vegetti — Full name Mario Vegetti Born 1937 4 January Milan (Italy) Era Ancient Greek philosophy Region Western Philosophy School Continental philosophy … Wikipedia
Mario Scelba — 34th Prime Minister of Italy In office February 10, 1954 – July 6, 1955 President Luigi Einaudi Preceded by Amintore … Wikipedia
Mario Draghi — (2009) Mario Draghi (* 3. September 1947 in Rom) ist ein italienischer Wirtschafts und Finanzpolitiker, Bankmanager und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler. Er war bis 2011 Präsident der Italienischen Nationalbank und ist seit dem 1. November 2011… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mario Mieli — (Milán, 21 de mayo de 1952 12 de marzo de 1983) es considerado como uno de los fundadores del movimiento de liberación LGBT en Italia y es, entre los autores italianos, el que se ocupó con más intensidad de los estudios sobre la homosexualidad en … Wikipedia Español
Mario Mieli — (21 May 1952, Milan – 12 March 1983) was a leading figure in the Italian gay movement of the 1970s. He combined a radical theoretical perspective with a provocative public persona. His sometimes outrageous public behavior made him a controversial … Wikipedia