1st Armored Division (United States)


1st Armored Division (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=1st Armored Division


caption=1st Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia
nickname="Old Ironsides"
motto=
colors=red, yellow, and blue
march=
ceremonial_chief=
type=Armored
branch=Regular Army
dates=1932-01-16 - 1946-04-25 1951-03-07 - Present
country=United States of America
allegiance=
command_structure=V Corps
size=15,000+
specialization=
current_commander=Major General Mark P. Hertling
garrison=1st AD Garrisons
battles=World War II
*Operation Torch
*Kasserine Pass
*Italian Campaign Operation Desert Storm Operation Iraqi Freedom
notable_commanders=Orlando Ward
anniversaries=
US Armor
previous=
next=2nd Armored Division ("Inactive")
The 1st Armored Division —nicknamed “Old Ironsides”— is a standing armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Wiesbaden, Germany. It was the first armored division of the U.S. Army to see battle in World War II. The entire 1st Armored Division is scheduled to arrive at Fort Bliss, Texas between 2008 and 2011, where they will replace the outgoing air defense artillery units (largely Patriot missile Battalions) currently stationed at Fort Bliss.

Command and Staff

This division was formerly part of the V Corps (technically). It remains a United States Army Europe and 7th Army unit. As of May 2007 its command personnel includes:

Commander: Major General Mark P. Hertling. Assistant Division Commander (Maneuver): Brigadier General James Boozer Sr. Assistant Division Commander (Support): Brigadier General Raymond A. Thomas III Chief of Staff: Colonel Bryan Watson Command Sergeant Major: Command Sergeant Major Roger P. Blackwood [cite web
url=http://www.1ad.army.mil/1ADINFOMAIN/CommandGroup/CommandGroup.htm
title=1st Armored Division Command Group page
]

Current Structure

When the division relocates in 2011 to Fort Bliss, Texas, it will reorganize under the new modular design. The 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division reflagged from the 1st Cavalry Division in March 2008 and reflagged as the 4th Brigade, 1st Armored Division. The Division will consist of four Brigade Combat Teams and a Combat Aviation Brigade.

1st Armored Division consists of the following elements:
* Division Special Troops Battalion
* 1st Brigade Combat Team [Ready First]
** 1st Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 6th Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
** 1st Battalion, 37th Armor Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 36th Infantry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
** 501st Brigade Support Battalion
* 2nd Brigade Combat Team
** 2nd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 1st Squadron, 13th Cavalry Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 35th Armor Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment
** 4th Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment
** 47th Brigade Support Battalion
* 3rd Brigade Combat Team
** 3rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment
** 4th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment
** 125th Brigade Support Battalion
* 4th Brigade Combat Team
** 4th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 2nd Squadron, 13th Cavalry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 34th Armor Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 29th Field Artillery Regiment
** 121st Brigade Support Battalion
* Combat Aviation Brigade, 1st Armored Division
** Headquarters and Headquarters Company
** 1st Battalion, 501st Aviation Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 501st Aviation Regiment
** 3nd Battalion, 501st Aviation Regiment
** 4th Battalion, 501st Aviation Regiment
** 127th Aviation Support Battalion

Insignia

The division was nicknamed "Old Ironsides", by its first commander, Major General Bruce R. Magruder, after he saw a picture of the frigate USS "Constitution", which is also nicknamed "Old Ironsides". The large "1" at the top represents the numerical designation of the division, and the insignia is used as a basis for most other sub-unit insignias. The three colors, red, yellow, and blue represent the Artillery, Cavalry, and Infantry Branches respectively, which are the colors of the three original combat arms which, when forged into one, created the field of armor. The cannon and tracked vehicle symbols represent the mechanized role of the division.

Unit History

Origins

COL Daniel Van Voorhis took a cadre of 175 Officers and Enlisted Men from Fort Eustis to Fort Knox in February, 1932, and established a Provisional Armored Car Platoon. This was based on an earlier effort, but was predicated on a new Cavalry Regiment TO&E which was published that year. Also published, but never implemented, was a Cavalry Division TO&E(Table of Organisation and Equipment) which reflected the(then) unnatural assimilation of machines into the Horse Cavalry.

Van Voorhis’s cadre and platoon became the kernel for the 7th Cavalry Brigade, which went Active on March 1, 1932 at Fort Knox. At first, it was nothing more than a headquarters detachment and the Armored Car Platoon.

On January 3, 1933, U.S. 1st Cavalry Regiment was relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division, and was moved from Fort A.D. Russell to Fort Knox. The earlier Mechanized Platoon was incorporated into the new Regimental TO&E, and the result was the 1st Cavalry Regiment [Mechanised] , which went active on January 16, 1933.

The new Regimental commander was Colonel Van Voorhis, late of the experimental Mechanized Force, while the executive officer was Adna Chaffee. The Post Commander of Fort Knox was Brigadier General Julian R. Lindsey, another cavalryman. To round out the cavalry nature of the unit, Major Robert W. Grow was on the Regimental Staff.

Van Voorhis added the 13th Cavalry Regiment, the 68th Field Artillery Battalion, the 7th Reconnaissance Squadron, the 7th Signal Troop, the 4th Medical Troop, the 47th Engineer Troop and the 17th Quartermaster Battalion. The 7th Cavalry Brigade was fully formed.

Van Voorhis remained in command until September, 1938, when he was promoted to command the 5th United States Corps at Indianapolis, Indiana. Chaffee took over from Van Voorhis.

On May 7, 1940, the 7th Cavalry Brigade took part in the Louisiana Maneuvers at Monroe, Louisiana that were instrumental in developing the armored division concept. The maneuvers concluded on May 27, 1940, and the brigade returned to Fort Knox on May 31, 1940, and preparations began to expand the brigade into the 1st Armored Division.

On July 15, 1940, 7th Cavalry Brigade was expanded, reorganized, and redesignated as 1st Armored Division. 1st Cavalry Regiment was redesignated as 1st Armored Regiment and 13th Cavalry Regiment was redesignated as 13th Armored Regiment.

The first Order of Battle for the 1st Armored Division was as follows:

:HHC, 1st Armored Division::HHC, 1st Armored Brigade:::1st Armored Regiment (Light):::13th Armored Regiment (Light):::69th Armored Regiment (Medium):::68th Armored Field Artillery Regiment::6th Armored Infantry Regiment::27th Field Artillery Battalion (Armored)::16th Engineer Battalion (Armored)::81st Armored Reconnaissance Squadron::13th Quartermaster Battalion (Armored)::19th Ordnance Battalion (Armored)::47th Medical Battalion (Armored)::141st Signal Company (Armored)

Formation of 4th Armored Division

On April 15, 1941 The 1st AD sent a cadre to form the U.S. 4th Armored Division("Name Enough") at Pine Camp, New York.

World War Two

Commanders

#MG Bruce Magruder (July 1940-March 1942),
#MG Orlando Ward (March 1942-April 1943),
#MG Ernest N. Harmon (April 1943-July 1944),
#MG V. E. Prichard (July 1944-September 1945),
#MG Roderick R. Allen (September 1945-January 1946),
#MG Hobart R. Gay (February 1946 to inactivation).

Training

After completing its organization and equipping, 1st Armored Division trained at Fort Knox, and then deployed to participate in the VII Corps Maneuvers on 1941-08-18. Once the maneuvers concluded, 1st Armored Division then moved on 1941-08-28] , and arrived at Camp Polk for the Second Army Louisiana Maneuvers on 1941-09-01] . They then moved to Fort Jackson on 1941-10-30 to participate in the First Army Carolina Maneuvers. 1st AD then returned to Fort Knox on 1941-12-07, but started to prepare for deployment overseas instead of returning to garrison.

ervice

The 1st Armored Division was ordered to Fort Dix on April 11, 1942 to await their deployment overseas. The division's port call required them to board the Queen Mary at the New York Port of Embarkation at the Brooklyn Army Terminal on May 11, 1942. They arrived at Northern Ireland on May 16, 1942, and trained on the moors until they moved on to England on October 29, 1942.

The unit's first contact with an enemy was as part of the Allied invasion of Northwest Africa, Operation Torch, on November 8, 1942. Elements of the division were part of the Northern Task Force and became the first American armored division to see combat in World War II. Combat Command B (CCB) of the division landed east and west of Oran, and entered the city on November 10, 1942. On November 24, 1942, CCB moved from Tafaroui, Algeria to Bedja, Tunisia, and raided Djedeida airfield the next day. Djedeida was finally conquered on November 28, 1942. CCB moved southwest of Tebourba on December 1, 1942, engaged German forces on El Guessa Heights on December 3, 1942, but its lines were pierced on December 6, 1942. CCB withdrew to Bedja with heavy equipment loses between December 10 and December 11, 1942, and was placed in reserve. CCB next attacked in the Ousseltia Valley on January 21, 1943, and cleared that area until January 29, 1943 when sent to Bou Chebka, and arrived at Maktar on February 14, 1943. Combat Command A (CCA) fought at Faid Pass commencing on January 30, 1943, and advanced to Sidi Bou Zid, where it was pushed back with heavy tank loses on February 14, 1943, and had elements isolated on Djebel Lessouda, Djebel Kasaira, and Garet Hadid. Combat Command C (CCC), which had been constituted on January 23, 1943 to raid Sened Station on January 24, advanced towards Sbeita, and counterattacked to support CCA in the Sidi Bou Zid area on February 15, 1943, but was repulsed with heavy loses. The division withdrew from Sbeita on February 16, 1943, but – by February 21, 1943 CCB contained the German attack toward Tebessa. The German withdrawal allowed the division to recover Kasserine Pass on February 26, 1943 and assemble in reserve. The division moved northeast of Gafsa on March 13, 1943 and attacked in heavy rains on March 17, 1943 as CCA took Zannouch, but became immobilized by rain the next day. The division drove on Maknassy on March 20, 1943, and fought the Battle of Djebel Naemia on March 22March 25, 1943, and then fought to break through positions baring the road to Gabes between March 29 and April 1, 1943. It began to follow up the withdrawing German forces on April 6, 1943, and attacked towards Mateur with CCA on April 27, 1943, which fell after hard fighting on Hill 315 and Hill 299 on May 3, 1943. The division fought the Battle for Djebel Achtel between May 5 and May 11, 1943, and entered Ferryville on May 7, 1943. The German forces in Tunisia surrendered between May 9 and May 13, 1943. The division was reorganized in French Morocco, and began arriving in Naples, Italy on October 28, 1943.

After the fall of Sicily, the unit, under the US Fifth Army, invaded mainland Italy. It took part in the attack on the infamous Winter Line in November 1943. It then flanked the Axis armies in the landings at Anzio, and participated in the liberation of Rome on June 4, 1944. The division continued in combat to the Po Valley until the German forces in Italy surrendered on May 2, 1945. In June, the Division moved to Germany as part of the occupation forces.

Casualties

*KIA(Killed in Action): 1,194
*WIA(Wounded in Action): 5,168
*DOW(Died of Wounds): 234

Deactivation

1st Armored Division returned to the New York Port of Embarkation on April 24, 1946, and was deactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey on April 25, 1946.

Post World War II

The Korean War saw the US forces being built up again. As part of that buildup, the 1st Armored Division was reactivated on 7 March 1951 at Fort Hood. It was the first US Army unit to receive the new M48 Patton tank. After a number of years in Texas, the division was moved to Fort Polk, Louisiana, in 1956.

The division was deployed to Texas, Florida, and Georgia, in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis. During the six week deployment, it received a visit from President John F. Kennedy. A few units fought in the Vietnam War, and were returned to the division after the war. The 3d Brigade deployed to Chicago, Illinois to restore order after Martin Luther King Jr.'s marches. At that time, the division was based in Fort Hood, Texas.

As the Vietnam War wound down, there was a fundamental reorganisation of the Army. As part of this reorganisation, the 1st Armored Division was moved to Germany in 1971. It replaced the 4th Armored Division in the Bavarian city of Ansbach. The Division remained in Ansbach, with brigade units in the neighboring towns of Bamberg, Illesheim, Katterbach, Crailsheim and Zirndorf, West Germany for the next twenty years, as part of the American forces committed to NATO.

In August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait. US Army units were dispatched to protect Saudi Arabia. Later in the fall, President Bush, Sr. made the decision to deploy American heavy forces on a massive scale to eject the Iraqis from Kuwait. The lead unit for this deployment was the VII Corps from Germany. 1st Armored Division was one of four American heavy divisions assigned to VII Corps in theater. In the ground attack of the Gulf War, the Division led the VII Corps' flank attack on the Iraqis. It had the duty of destroying the elite Iraqi Republican Guard units. In eighty nine hours, the division moved 250 kilometers, destroyed 768 vehicles, and captured 1,064 prisoners of war, at the cost of four dead. It returned to Germany on May 8, 1991, and celebrated with a visit from Vice President Dan Quayle.

On December 18, 1995, under the command of Major General William L. Nash, the division deployed to northeast Bosnia as the command element of Task Force Eagle, a powerful, multinational unit intended to keep the peace. (A Russian brigade, initially under the command of Colonel Aleksandr Ivanovich Lentsov, was part of that effort. An account of the interactions of the Americans and Russians in Bosnia in 1996 may be found in James Nelson’s [http://www.buybooksontheweb.com/description.asp?ISBN=0-7414-2321-9 Bosnia Journal] .) The 1AD returned in late 1996 to Germany.

In 1999, the unit was once again deployed, this time to Kosovo, for Operation Allied Force, and Operation Joint Guardian.

Afterwards, the unit trained heavily in Hohenfels and Grafenwöhr Training Areas in Germany, with realistic OPFOR (Opposition Forces) exercises. Some units were deployed into Iraq and other countries in the Middle East for the global War on Terrorism.

In the build-up in the months prior the March 2003 invasion of Iraq, two battalions of the 1st Armored Division's 3d Brigade were deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The 2-70 Armor and 1-41 Infantry battalion task forces augmented the 82nd Airborne Division("All-American"), the 3d Infantry Division("Rock of the Marne"), and the 101st Airborne Division("Screaming Eagles") throughout the campaign to oust Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. These units spearheaded the U.S assaults in As Samawah and Karbala and later occupied the southern area of Baghdad. In April 2003, the remainder of the division deployed to Iraq and assumed responsibility for Baghdad, under command of Brigadier General Martin E. Dempsey, and the surrounding areas, relieving the 3d Infantry Division. The division was scheduled to return to Germany in April 2004, but was extended in order to defeat a Shia militia led by Moqtada Al Sadr. During the three month extension Task Force 1-37 AR ("Bandits") fought Al Sadr's forces in Karbala while Task Force 2-37 AR ("Dukes") fought in Diwaniya, Sadr City, Al-Kut, and Najaf. Task Force 1-36 IN ("Spartans") became the CJTF-7 Operational Reserve and conducted operations throughout the theater in support of the 1st Cavalry Division. Forces from the 2d Brigade fought in Kut. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the division lost more than 125 soldiers.

The division's 3d Brigade deployed to the Iraqi Theatre once again in January 2005 for 'Operation Iraqi Freedom Three' from Fort Riley, Kansas, this after only eight months Stateside. There, they are attached to the 3d Infantry Division and are the major unit involved with Task Force Baghdad.

2nd Brigade Combat Team, or BCT, deployed to Kuwait November 2005 in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom IV, spending six months as a theater reserve. Following the Samarra mosque bombing TF 2-6IN deployed to Iraq in late February 2006. In May 2006 the two additional Task Forces (TF 1-6IN and TF 1-35AR) deployed to Ar Ramadi, Iraqi to help bring the volatile capital of the Anbar Province under control. In August 2006, the remainder of 2BCT (TF 4-27FA and HHC 2BCT) deployed to Baghdad, mainly in support of joint Iraqi/U.S. operations in the municipality. The brigade deployed to Iraq again in April 2008.

The division's 1st Brigade("Ready First") deployed again to Iraq in January 2006 after months of intensive training in Grafenwöhr and Hohenfels, Germany. Many of the soldiers who fought with units like 2-37 Armor("Iron Dukes") and 1-37 ("Bandits") returned to Iraq for a second time. The Ready First Brigade was deployed to Northern Iraq in Nineveh province concentrating on the city of Tal' Afar. In May 2006 1st Brigade received orders to move south to the city of Ramadi in volatile Al Anbar Province. August 2006, seven months into their Iraq tour, 1st Brigade received news of a forty-six day extension. After nearly fourteen months, 1st Brigade redeployed from Iraq in mid-February 2007.

In September 2007, the 1st Armored Division Headquarters deployed again to Iraq. The 1st Armored Division conducted a relief in place with the 25th Infantry Division and assumed command of Multi-National Division North, headquartered in Tikrit, Iraq, on 28 October 2007. Multi-National Division North was then comprised of five Maneuver Brigade Combat Teams, a Combat Aviation Brigade, a Fires Brigade, and an Engineer Brigade. Multi-National Division North includes the Iraqi provinces of Ninawa, Kirkuk (formerly At Tamin), Salah ad Din, and Diyala along with Dahuk, and As Sulaymaniah. The area also includes the critical cities of Tal Afar, Mosul, Bayji, Tikrit, Kirkuk, Samarra, Balad, Baqubah, Dahuk, and Sulaymaniah. The Division currently commands all Coalition Forces in Northern Iraq. Arbil province remains aligned as a separate Multi-National Division, North-East. The 1st Armored Division has tackled numerous complex problem sets in Northern Iraq applying both lethal and non-lethal means. The area includes ethnic fault lines between Arabs and Kurds, religious fault lines between Sunni and Shia Muslims, numerous tribal regions, and the complexities involving significant Former Regime Elements and the dynamics of energy.

Move to Fort Bliss

In 2005 the Base Realignment and Closure or BRAC commission decided to move the 1st Armored Division to Fort Bliss, Texas not later than 2012. As part of the current Army-wide transformation, several division units will be inactivated or converted to other units. As the complete move to Bliss will take place after 2008, the effect of the Iraq War and the projected troop surge is unknown.

* Division Headquarters: The division headquarters, currently serving in Iraq, is planned to relocate to Fort Bliss in 2011.
* 1st Brigade: The 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division cased its colors at Friedberg, Germany on April 20, 2007, ending 65 years of military presence in Germany. [cite web
url=http://www.rfct.1ad.army.mil/home.htm
title="Ready First" Combat Team ends more than 60 year Germany run
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=html
first=Alfredo
last=Jimenez
date=2008-03-03
] 1st Brigade is scheduled to activate at Fort Bliss, Texas on August 16, 2008 as a modular Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT). cite web
url=https://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=49155
title=Combat Team Reflagging to Mark Start of 1st Armored Division's U.S. Standup
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=html
first=Donna
last=Miles
work=American Forces Press Service News Articles
date=2008-03-03
]
* 2d Brigade: 2d Brigade, 1st Armored Division in Baumholder, Germany, remains assigned to USAREUR until September 2010, when it is planned to reflag to 170th Infantry Brigade and subsequently reactivate in Fort Bliss as modular HBCT. As part of the Grow the Army Plan announced 19 Dec 2007, the 170th is one of two HBCTs that will be activated and retained in Germany until 2012 and 2013. The other HBCT is the 172d Infantry Brigade in Schweinfurt, Germany, which reflagged from 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division on March 16, 2008. [cite web
url=http://www.hqusareur.army.mil/news/releases/2008-03-06_02_RELEASE20080202%20_2_.pdf
title=Army Announces Next Steps in USAREUR Transformation
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=pdf
first=
last=
work=News release of HQ U.S. Army Europe and 7th Army
date=2008-03-06
]
* 3d Brigade: On March 28, 2008, the 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division (HBCT) inactivated at Fort Riley and reflagged as 2d (Dagger) Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HBCT). Activation date for 3rd HBCT at Ft Bliss is not published. [cite web
url=http://www.1id.army.mil/NewsViewer.aspx?id=1245
title=2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division Colors Move to Fort Riley
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=html
work=1st Infantry Division News Viewer
date=March 2008
]
* 4th Brigade: On March 4, 2008, 4th Brigade, 1st Armored Division activated at Fort Bliss as a HBCT and reflagged from the 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division. [cite web
url=http://www.hood.army.mil/1stcavdiv/news/2008/mar/mar13.htm
title=Sun sets on Long Knife, rises on Highlanders
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=html
first=Bradley J.
last=Clark
work=First Team News
date=March 2008
]
* 5th Brigade: In 2007, a new unit, 5th Brigade, 1st Armored Division, activated at Fort Bliss as an Army Evaluation Task Force. 5th BCT tested the Future Force Warrior system.
* Aviation Brigade: 1st Armored Division’s 4th Aviation Brigade inactivated on June 7, 2006 at Hanau, Germany and relocated to Fort Riley, Kansas to reflag as the modular 1st Infantry Division Combat Aviation Brigade. [cite web
url=http://www.1ad.army.mil/1ADINFOMAIN/Stories/2006/Jun06_press_release/Press%20Release%2006-06-03%20Germany%20bids%20farewell%20to%204th%20Brigade.pdf
title=Germany bids farewell to 4th Brigade
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=pdf
first=Karl
last=Weisel
] The Army will move a combat aviation brigade from Fort Hood to join the division in Fort Bliss.
* Engineer Brigade: The 1st Armored Division Engineer Brigade, the last of its kind in the Army, cased its colors and inactivated at Giessen, Germany on April 26, 2007. [cite web
url=http://www.vcorps.army.mil/News/2007/2007-04-27_DivEngInactivation_release.pdf
title=Ceremony Bids Farewell to 'Iron Sappers' of 1st Armored Engineer Brigade
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=pdf
first=Alfredo
last=Jimenez
]
* Division Artillery: The 1st Armored Division Artillery, cased its colors and inactivated at Baumholder, Germany on May 1, 2007. The 1st AD DIVARTY was the last standing Division Artillery unit in the Army. [cite web
url=http://www.vcorps.army.mil/News/2007/2007-05-02_DIVARTY_inactivation_release.pdf
title=1st Armored Division Artillery Cases Colors in Baumholder Ceremony
accessdate=2008-05-10
format=pdf
first=Mark S.
last=Patton
]

Lineage

HHC, 1st Armored Division

*Constituted 1932-01-16 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 7th Cavalry Brigade (Mechanized)
*Headquarters activated 1932-03-01 at Fort Knox, Kentucky; Headquarters Troop activated in December 1934 at Fort Knox, Kentucky
*Reorganized and redesignated 1940-07-15 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Armored Division
*Inactivated 1946-04-25 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas

HHC, 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division

*Organized 1942-01-01 in the Regular Army at Fort Knox, Kentucky, as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Combat Command A, 1st Armored Division
*Reorganized and redesignated 1944-07-20 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Combat Command A, 1st Armored Division
*Converted and redesignated 1946-05-01 as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3d Constabulary Regiment, and relieved from assignment to the 1st Armored Division
*Inactivated 1947-09-20 in Germany
*Converted and redesignated 1951-02-27 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Combat Command A, 1st Armored Division
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Reorganized and redesignated 1962-02-03 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division

HHC, 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored Division

*Organized 1942-01-01 in the Regular Army at Fort Knox, Kentucky, as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, Combat Command B, 1st Armored Division
*Reorganized and redesignated 1944-07-20 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Combat Command B, 1st Armored Division
*Inactivated 1946-04-09 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Inactivated 1957-12-23 at Fort Polk, Louisiana
*Redesignated 1962-02-03 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2d Brigade, 1st Armored Division, and activated at Fort Hood, Texas

HHC, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division

*Constituted 1944-06-27 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, Reserve Command, 1st Armored Division
*Activated 1944-07-20 in Italy
*Inactivated 1946-04-25 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
*Redesignated 1951-02-27 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Reserve Command, 1st Armored Division
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Reorganized and redesignated 1954-06-26 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Combat Command C, 1st Armored Division
*Inactivated 1957-12-23 at Fort Polk, Louisiana
*Redesignated 1962-02-03 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3d Brigade, 1st Armored Division, and activated at Fort Hood, Texas
*Inactivated 1995-04-15 at Fort Lewis, Washington
*Activated 1996-02-16 at Fort Riley, Kansas
*Inactivated 2008-03-28 at Fort Riley, Kansas

HHB, 1st Armored Division Artillery

*Constituted 1940-07-15 in the Regular Army as the Artillery Section, Headquarters, 1st Armored Division, and activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky
*Redesignated 1940-11-15 as the Artillery Section, Division Headquarters, 1st Armored Division
*Reorganized and redesignated 1942-03-01 as Headquarters, Division Artillery Command, Headquarters, 1st Armored Division
*Consolidated 1944-07-20 with the Service Company, 1st Armored Division (less Military Police Platoon) (constituted 1942-01-01 in the Regular Army and activated 1942-01-08 at Fort Knox, Kentucky), and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Division Artillery, 1st Armored Division
*Inactivated 1946-04-18 at New York Port of Embarkation, New York
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Reorganized and redesignated 1955-07-01 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Armored Division Artillery
*Inactivated 1957-12-23 at Fort Polk, Louisiana
*Activated 1962-02-03 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Inactivated 2007-05-01 at Smith Barracks, Baumholder, Germany

HHC, 1st Armored Division Support Command

*Constituted 1942-01-01 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 1st Armored Division Trains
*Activated 1942-01-10 at Fort Knox, Kentucky
*Reorganized and redesignated 1942-01-24 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Armored Division Trains
*Inactivated 1946-04-25 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
*Activated 1951-03-07 at Fort Hood, Texas
*Reorganized and redesignated 1957-02-15 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 1st Armored Division Trains
*Consolidated 1962-02-03 with the 1st Armored Division Band (organized in 1943) and consolidated unit reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters, Headquarters and Band, 1st Armored Division Support Command
*Reorganized and redesignated 1968-04-15 as Headquarters, Headquarters Company and Band, 1st Armored Division Support Command
*Reorganized and redesignated 1972-08-21 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Armored Division Support Command (Band element concurrently withdrawn - hereafter separate lineage)
*Inactivated 2008-08-15 at Wiesbaden Army Airfield, Wiesbaden, Germany

HHC, Aviation Brigade, 1st Armored Division

*Constituted 1986-04-16 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Aviation Brigade, 1st Armored Division, and activated in Germany.

Honors

HHC, 1st Armored Division

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Tunisia;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Rome-Arno;
#Anzio;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley
*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
# Cease-Fire
*Global War on Terrorism
#Operation Iraqi Freedom; May 03-July 2004 (Baghdad, Karbala)
#Operation Iraqi Freedom; Jan 05-Feb 07 (Sinjar, Ar Ramadi)
#Operation Iraqi Freedom; Oct 07-Current (Tikrit)

Decorations

#Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA
#Army Superior Unit Award for 1995-1996
#Valorous Unit Award For Operation Iraqi Freedom I

HHC, 1st Brigade, 1st Armored Division

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Tunisia;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Anzio;
#Rome-Arno;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley

Decorations

#Army Superior Unit Award for 1995-1996

HHC, 2nd Brigade, 1st Armored Division

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead);
#Tunisia;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Anzio;
# Rome-Arno;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley
*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
# Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
# Cease-Fire

Decorations

#Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ
#Army Superior Unit Award for 1995-1996

HHC, 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Rome-Arno;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley
*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
#Cease-Fire

Decorations

#Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ-KUWAIT

HHB, 1st Armored Division Artillery

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Tunisia;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Rome-Arno;
#Anzio;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley
*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait

Decorations

#Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA

HHC, 1st Armored Division Support Command

Campaign Participation Credit

*World War II:
#Tunisia;
#Naples-Foggia;
#Rome-Arno;
#North Apennines;
#Po Valley
*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
#Cease-Fire

Decorations

#Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA

HHC, Aviation Brigade, 1st Armored Division

Campaign Participation Credit

*Southwest Asia:
#Defense of Saudi Arabia;
#Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
#Cease-Fire

Decorations

#Valorous Unit Award for IRAQ-KUWAIT
#Army Superior Unit Award for 1995-1996

References

# covers its first (WWII era) incarnation.
*cite web
url=https://www.bliss.army.mil/5thbde/
title=5th BCT 1st Armored Division
Formerly the EBCT now Army Evaluation Task Force

External links

* [http://www.1ad.army.mil/default.asp 1st Armored Division Website]


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