Vinyl polymer

Vinyl polymer

group (C=C) into a chain (..-C-C-C-C-..). In popular usage, "vinyl" refers only to PVC. Vinyl polymers are the most common type of plastic:

*Polymerized simple alkenes: polyethylene from ethene, polypropylene from propene and polybutadiene from butadiene.
*Polystyrene is made from styrene or "vinyl benzene".
* Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is made by polymerization of the monomer vinyl chloride (chloroethene) CH2=CHCl
* Polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) is made by polymerization of vinyl acetate. In a water suspension, this is used as a glue.
* Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is produced by hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate. (Not by polymerization of the monomer vinyl alcohol or ethenol, which is an unfavored keto-enol tautomer of acetaldehyde.)
*Polyacrylonitrile is prepared from acrylonitrile


Other vinyl monomers with a 1,2-substitution pattern do as a general rule not polymerize due to steric hindrance it is thermodynamically still favorable. As an exception it was found [Polymerization of "Unpolymerizable" Molecules through Topological Control Seth Washburn, Jochen Lauterbach, and Christopher M. Snively Macromolecules; 2006; 39(24) pp 8210 - 8212; (Communication to the Editor) DOI| 10.1021/ma061724j] that the monomer fumaronitrile (related to fumaric acid and also to acrylonitrile but with an extra nitrile group) does polymerize but only in a very special way


A very thin film of monomer was prepared in a vacuum chamber on a tantalum substrate at -173°C and then photopolymerized. Due to the poor penetration depth of the radiation, thin polymer films with thickness several micrometres were obtained nevertheless with degree of polymerization in the 10,000 range. The polymerization is able to take place because the monomer molecules in the film are completely disorganized (isotropic) and therefore there is always a possibility for two monomers to react which they do not have in the crystalline phase.


ee also

*The Vinyl Institute

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • vinyl polymer — noun a thermoplastic derived by polymerization from compounds containing the vinyl group • Syn: ↑vinyl resin, ↑polyvinyl resin • Hypernyms: ↑synthetic resin • Hyponyms: ↑polyvinyl acetate, ↑PVA, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • vinyl polymer — Chem. any of a group of compounds derived by polymerization from vinyl compounds, as vinyl acetate and styrene. * * * …   Universalium

  • vinyl polymer — /vaɪnəl ˈpɒləmə/ (say vuynuhl poluhmuh) noun one of a group of compounds derived from vinyl compounds such as vinyl acetate, styrene, etc., by polymerisation, forming plastics and resins of high molecular weight …   Australian English dictionary

  • Vinyl (disambiguation) — Vinyl can refer to the following: * Vinyl, a class of organic molecules * Vinyl polymer, a group of polymers derived from vinyl monomers * Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a particular vinyl polymer * Vinyl sidingIn Film:* Vinyl (1965 film), a film… …   Wikipedia

  • Polymer classes — include:* Biopolymer * Conductive polymer * Copolymer * Fluoropolymer * Gutta percha (Polyterpene) * Inorganic polymer * Phenolic resin * Polyanhydrides * Polyester * Polyolefin (Polyalkene) * Rubber * Silicone * Silicone rubber * Superabsorbent… …   Wikipedia

  • Vinyl — A vinyl compound is any organic compound that contains a vinyl group (also called ethenyl), −CH=CH2. These are derivatives of ethene, CH2=CH2, with one hydrogen atom substituted with some other group.A related phrase is vinylidene which stands… …   Wikipedia

  • vinyl resin — noun a thermoplastic derived by polymerization from compounds containing the vinyl group • Syn: ↑vinyl polymer, ↑polyvinyl resin • Hypernyms: ↑synthetic resin • Hyponyms: ↑polyvinyl acetate, ↑PVA, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • vinyl — /ˈvaɪnəl / (say vuynuhl) noun 1. any of various vinyl polymers, especially that used in the making of gramophone records. 2. Colloquial records, viewed collectively: I ve got vinyl and no CDs. –adjective 3. Chemistry of or relating to, or… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Vinyl chloride — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • vinyl resin — ☆ vinyl resin n. a polymer formed from vinyl compounds, used with other resins, plasticizers, etc. to produce various solid vinyl plastics …   English World dictionary