Industrial design


Industrial design

Industrial design is an applied art whereby the aesthetics and usability of mass-produced products may be improved for marketability and production. The role of an Industrial Designer is to create and execute design solutions towards problems of form, usability, user ergonomics, engineering, marketing, brand development and sales. [deNoblet, J., "Industrial Design", Paris: A.F.A.A. (1993)]

The term "industrial design" is often attributed to the designer Joseph Claude Sinel in 1919 (although he himself denied it in later interviews) but the discipline predates that by at least a decade. Its origins lay in the industrialization of consumer products. For instance the Deutscher Werkbund, founded in 1907 and a precursor to the Bauhaus, was a state-sponsored effort to integrate traditional crafts and industrial mass-production techniques, to put Germany on a competitive footing with England and the United States.

Definition of industrial design

GeneralIndustrial Designers are a cross between an engineer and an artist. They study both function and form, and the connection between product and the user. They do not design the gears or motors that make machines move, or the circuits that control the movement, but they can affect technical aspects through usability design and form relationships. And usually, they partner with engineers and marketers, to identify and fulfill needs, wants and expectations.

In Depth"Industrial Design (ID) is the professional service of creating and developing concepts and specifications that optimize the function, value and appearance of products and systems for the mutual benefit of both user and manufacturer." According to the IDSA (Industrial Design Society of America)

Design, itself, is often difficult to define to non-designers because the meaning accepted by the design community is not one made of words. Instead, the definition is created as a result of acquiring a critical framework for the analysis and creation of artifacts. One of the many accepted (but intentionally unspecific) definitions of design originates from Carnegie Mellon's School of Design, "Design is the process of taking something from its existing state and moving it to a preferred state". This applies to new artifacts, whose existing state is undefined and previously created artifacts, whose state stands to be improved.

According to the (Chartered Society of Designers) design is a force that delivers innovation that in turn has exploited creativity. Their design framework known as the Design Genetic Matrix (TM) determines a set of competences in 4 key genes that are identified to define the make up of designers and communicate to a wide audience what they do. Within these genes the designer demonstrates the core competences of a designer and specific competences determine the designer as an 'industrial designer'. This is normally within the context of delivering innovation in the form of a three dimensional product that is produced in quantity. However the definition also extends to products that have been produced using an industrial process. Industrial design is rapidly becoming an obsolete term as 'products' can now be industrially produced as 'one-offs' by the use of rapid prototyping machines. In a post-industrial era and with the emergence of strategic design definitions such as this are incumbering designers and the advancement of design practice.

According to the ICSID, (International Council of Societies of Industrial Design) "Design is a creative activity whose aim is to establish the multi-faceted qualities of objects, processes, services and their systems in whole life-cycles. Therefore, design is the central factor of innovative humanization of technologies and the crucial factor of cultural and economic exchange". [ [http://www.icsid.org/about/about/articles31.htm ICSID.ORG] - Definition of Design.]

Process of design

Although the process of design may be considered 'creative', many analytical processes also take place. In fact, many industrial designers often use various design methodologies in their creative process. Some of the processes that are commonly used are user research, sketching, comparative product research, model making, prototyping and testing. These processes can be chronological, or as best defined by the designers and/or other team members. Industrial Designers often utilize 3D software, Computer-aided industrial design and CAD programs to move from concept to production. Product characteristics specified by the industrial designer may include the overall form of the object, the location of details with respect to one another, colors, texture, sounds, and aspects concerning the use of the product ergonomics. Additionally the industrial designer may specify aspects concerning the production process, choice of materials and the way the product is presented to the consumer at the point of sale. The use of industrial designers in a product development process may lead to added values by improved usability, lowered production costs and more appealing products. However, some classic industrial designs are considered as much works of art as works of engineering: the iPod, the Jeep, the Coke bottle, and the VW Beetle are frequently-cited examples.

Industrial design has no focus on technical concepts, products and processes. In addition to considering aesthetics, usability, and ergonomics, it can also encompass the engineering of objects, usefulness as well as usability, market placement, and other concerns such as seduction, psychology, desire, and the sexual or affectionate attachment of the user to the object. These values and accompanying aspects on which industrial design is based can vary, both between different schools of thought and among practicing designers.

Product design and industrial design can overlap into the fields of user interface design, information design and interaction design. Various schools of industrial design and/or product design may specialize in one of these aspects, ranging from pure art colleges (product styling) to mixed programs of engineering and design, to related disciplines like exhibit design and interior design, to schools where aesthetic design is almost completely subordinated to concerns of function and ergonomics of use (the so-called "functionalist" school). [Pulos, Arthur J., "The American Design Adventure 1940-1975", Cambridge, Mass:MIT Press (1988), p. 249 (ISBN 0262161060, 9780262161060)]

Also used to describe a technically competent product designer or industrial designer is the term Industrial Design Engineer. The Cyclone vacuum cleaner inventor James Dyson for example could be considered to be in this category (see his autobiography "Against The Odds", Pub Thomson 2002).

Industrial design rights

Industrial design rights are intellectual property rights that make exclusive the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian. An industrial design consists of the creation of a shape, configuration or composition of pattern or color, or combination of pattern and color in three dimensional form containing aesthetic value. An industrial design can be a two- or three-dimensional pattern used to produce a product, industrial commodity or handicraft. Under the Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs, a WIPO-administered treaty, a procedure for an international registration exists. An applicant can file for a single international deposit with WIPO or with the national office in a country party to the treaty. The design will then be protected in as many member countries of the treaty as desired.

ee also

* Automobile design
* Braun (company)
* Computer-aided industrial design
* Creative engineering
* Designer
* Design for X
* Design values
* Electric Guitar Design
* Emotional Design by Donald Norman
* Environmental design
* Environmental graphic design
* Experience design
* Famous industrial designers
* Hague system
* Industrial design rights
* Industrial Designers Society of America
* Interaction design
* International Council of Societies of Industrial Design
* Jeep
* New product development
* Product design
* Raymond Loewy
* Dieter Rams
* Russel Wright
* Yves Behar
* Six Sigma
* Value engineering

References

External links

* [http://www.icsid.org/ International Council of Societies of Industrial Design]
* [http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos290.htm U.S. Department of Labor's Handbook: Commercial and Industrial Designers]
*" [http://www.sil.si.edu/exhibitions/doodles/ Doodles, Drafts and Designs: Industrial Drawings from the Smithsonian] " (2004) Smithsonian Institution Libraries


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • industrial design — industrial designer. the art that deals with the design problems of manufactured objects, including problems of designing such objects with consideration for available materials and means of production, of designing packages, bottles, etc., for… …   Universalium

  • industrial design — ➔ design1 * * * industrial design UK US noun [U] PRODUCTION ► the process of designing the shape, features, etc. of manufactured products: »He adapted his skills as a silversmith to become one of the leaders in industrial design. industrial… …   Financial and business terms

  • Industrial Design — ◆ In|dus|tri|al De|sign 〈[ındʌ̣strıəl dizaın] n.; s, s〉 ästhetische Formgebung industriell gefertigter Waren [engl.] ◆ Die Buchstabenfolge in|dus|tr... kann in Fremdwörtern auch in|dust|r... getrennt werden. * * * In|dus|t|ri|al De|sign [ɪn… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • industrial design — noun : design concerned with the appearance of three dimensional machine made products; also : the study of the principles of such design * * * industrial designer. the art that deals with the design problems of manufactured objects, including… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Industrial Design — Die Dienstleistung Produktdesign, auch Industriedesign (engl: Industrial Design) genannt, befasst sich mit den Produkten, die uns umgeben. Dabei werden im Allgemeinen zwei Produkt Kategorien unterschieden: Konsum , sowie Investitionsgüter. Für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • industrial design —    The primary catalyst to change in industrial design has been technology, which has allowed most mechanisms to become smaller, lighter and more stylish. Microchip technology, polymer science, foam plastics, composite materials and computeraided …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Industrial Design — In|dus|tri|al* De|sign [in dʌstriəl di zain] das; s, <aus gleichbed. engl. industrial design zu industrial, eigtl. »industriell; gewerblich« u. ↑Design> Formgebung, bewusste Gestaltung von Gebrauchsgegenständen …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • industrial design — in·du·strial de·sign loc.s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} progettazione di manufatti destinati alla produzione industriale che mira a conciliare criteri estetici e di funzionalità Sinonimi: design, disegno industriale. {{line}} {{/line}} DATA:… …   Dizionario italiano

  • industrial design — {{hw}}{{industrial design}}{{/hw}}locuz. sost. m. inv. Progettazione di manufatti, da prodursi industrialmente in serie, che ai requisiti tecnici funzionali uniscono pregi estetici …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • industrial design — /ɪnˌdʌstriəl dəˈzaɪn/ (say in.dustreeuhl duh zuyn) noun the designing of objects for manufacture. –industrial designer, noun …   Australian English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.