- Manchester City F.C.
Manchester City F.C. Full name Manchester City Football Club Nickname(s) City, The Citizens, The Blues Founded 1880 as St Mark's (West Gorton) Ground City of Manchester Stadium, Manchester
Owner Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan Chairman Khaldoon Al Mubarak Manager Roberto Mancini League Premier League 2010–11 Premier League, 3rd Website Club home pageHome coloursAway coloursThird colours Current season
Manchester City Football Club is an English Premier League football club based in Manchester. Founded in 1880 as St. Mark's (West Gorton), they became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894. The club has played at the City of Manchester Stadium since 2003, having spent most of their existence at Maine Road.
The club's most successful period was in the late 1960s and early 1970s when they won the League Championship, FA Cup, League Cup and European Cup Winners' Cup. After losing the 1981 FA Cup Final, the club went through a period of decline culminating in relegation to the third tier of English football in 1998. The club has since regained top flight status where they have spent the majority of their history. In 2011, Manchester City qualified for the Champions League and won the FA Cup.
- 1 History
- 2 Reserves and Academy
- 3 Club crest and colours
- 4 Players
- 5 Supporters
- 6 Ownership and finances
- 7 Stadium
- 8 Honours
- 9 Club records
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
It is widely accepted that Manchester City F.C. was founded as St. Mark's (West Gorton) in 1880 by Anna Connell and two churchwardens of St. Mark's Church, in Gorton, a district in east Manchester. Prior to this, St. Mark's played cricket from 1875 and the side evolved out of that cricket team – the key organiser was churchwarden William Beastow. In 1887, they moved to a new ground at Hyde Road, in Ardwick just to the east of the city centre, and were renamed Ardwick Association Football Club to reflect their new location. Ardwick joined the Football League as founding members of the Second Division in 1892. Financial troubles in the 1893–94 season led to a reorganisation within the club, and Ardwick were reformed as Manchester City Football Club.
City gained their first honours by winning the Second Division in 1899; with it came promotion to the highest level in English football, the First Division. They went on to claim their first major honour on 23 April 1904, beating Bolton Wanderers 1–0 at Crystal Palace to win the FA Cup; City narrowly missed out on a League and Cup double that season after finishing runners-up in the League but City became the first club in Manchester to win a major honour.
In the seasons following the FA Cup triumph, the club was dogged by allegations of financial irregularities, culminating in the suspension of seventeen players in 1906, including captain Billy Meredith, who subsequently moved across town to Manchester United. A fire at Hyde Road destroyed the main stand in 1920, and in 1923 the club moved to their new purpose-built stadium at Maine Road in Moss Side. The 100,000 capacity stadium would go one to have a remarkable history, and because of high capacity it was nicknamed Wembley of the North.
In the 1930s, Manchester City reached two consecutive FA Cup finals, losing to Everton in 1933, before claiming the Cup by beating Portsmouth in 1934. During the 1934 cup run, Manchester City broke the record for the highest home attendance of any club in English football history, as 84,569 fans packed Maine Road for a sixth round FA Cup tie against Stoke City in 1934 – a record which still stands to this day. The club won the First Division title for the first time in 1937, but were relegated the following season, despite scoring more goals than any other team in the division.
Twenty years later, a City team inspired by a tactical system known as the Revie Plan reached consecutive FA Cup finals again, in 1955 and 1956; just as in the 1930s, they lost the first one, to Newcastle United, and won the second. The 1956 final, in which Manchester City beat Birmingham City 3–1, is one of the most famous finals of all-time, and is remembered for City goalkeeper Bert Trautmann continuing to play on after unknowingly breaking his neck.
After relegation to the Second Division in 1963, the future looked bleak with a record low home attendance of 8,015 against Swindon Town in January 1965. In the summer of 1965, the management team of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison was appointed. In the first season under Mercer, City won the Second Division title and made important signings in Mike Summerbee and Colin Bell. Two seasons later, in 1967–68, Manchester City claimed the League Championship for the second time, clinching the title on the final day of the season with a 4–3 win at Newcastle United and beating their close neighbours Manchester United into second place. Further trophies followed: City won the FA Cup in 1969, before achieving European success by winning the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1970, beating Górnik Zabrze 2–1 in Vienna. City also won the League Cup that season, becoming the second English team to win a European trophy and a domestic trophy in the same season.
The club continued to challenge for honours throughout the 1970s, finishing just one point behind the league champions on two occasions and reaching the final of the 1974 League Cup. One of the matches from this period that is most fondly remembered by supporters of Manchester City is the final match of the 1973–74 season against arch-rivals Manchester United, who needed to win to have any hope of avoiding relegation. Former United player Denis Law scored with a backheel to give City a 1–0 win at Old Trafford and confirm the relegation of their rivals. The final trophy of the club's most successful period was won in 1976, when Newcastle United were beaten 2–1 in the League Cup final.
A long period of decline followed the success of the 1960s and 1970s. Malcolm Allison rejoined the club to become manager for the second time in 1979, but squandered large sums of money on unsuccessful signings, such as Steve Daley. A succession of managers then followed – seven in the 1980s alone, the first being John Bond who succeeded Allison in October 1980. Under Bond, City reached the 1981 FA Cup final but lost in a replay to Tottenham Hotspur. The following season began well and they went top of the league just after Christmas, only to finish mid-table at the end of the season. They were relegated a year later, and reclaimed their top flight status two years afterwards, only to lose it within another two years. They returned to the top flight again in 1989 and finished fifth in 1991 and 1992 under the management of Peter Reid. However, this was only a temporary respite, and following Reid's departure Manchester City's fortunes continued to fade. City were founders of the Premier League upon its creation in 1992, but after finishing ninth in its first season they endured three seasons of struggle before being relegated in 1996. Two years after that, they were relegated to Division Two – becoming the first former winners of a European trophy to be relegated to the third tier of their domestic league.
After relegation, the club underwent off-the-field upheaval, with new chairman David Bernstein introducing greater fiscal discipline. City were promoted at the first attempt, achieved in dramatic fashion in a play-off against Gillingham. A second successive promotion saw City return to the top division, but this proved to have been a step too far for the recovering club, and in 2001 City were relegated once more. Kevin Keegan arrived as the new manager in the close season, bringing an immediate return to the top division as the club won the 2001–02 Division One championship, breaking club records for the number of points gained and goals scored in a season in the process.
The 2002–03 season was the last at Maine Road, and included a 3–1 derby victory over rivals Manchester United, ending a run of 13 years without a derby win. City also qualified for European competition for the first time in 25 years after missing out in the 1990s with the European ban on English clubs entering European football. In the 2003 close season the club moved to the new City of Manchester Stadium. The first four seasons at the stadium all resulted in mid-table finishes. Former England manager Sven-Göran Eriksson became the club's first manager from overseas when appointed in 2007. After a bright start performances faded in the second half of the season, and Eriksson was sacked in June 2008. Eriksson was replaced by Mark Hughes two days later on 4 June 2008.
The dream of bringing back the glory era to City, set out by Thaksin Shinawatra just a year before, now seemed doomed, but what was about to unravel was something manager Hughes and the Manchester City supporters could never have possibly imagined, never mind anticipated – as within the coming months Hughes would find himself placed in a financial position which would become the envy of many a football manager and one which would hopefully change the course of Manchester City's inconsistent history for good.
In August 2008, the club was purchased by Abu Dhabi United Group. The takeover was immediately followed by a flurry of bids for high profile players; the club broke the British transfer record by signing Brazilian international Robinho from Real Madrid for £32.5 million. City finished tenth, and also reached the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup.
During the summer of 2009, the club took transfer spending to an unprecedented level, with an outlay of over £100 million on players Gareth Barry, Roque Santa Cruz, Kolo Touré, Emmanuel Adebayor, Carlos Tévez and Joleon Lescott. On 19 December, it was announced that Mark Hughes had been replaced as manager by Roberto Mancini. City finished the season in fifth position in the Premier League, narrowly missing out on a place in the Champions League, and compete in the UEFA Europa League in season 2010–11.
Prior to the start of the 2010–11 season, Man City completed the transfers of Jérôme Boateng, Yaya Touré, David Silva, Aleksandar Kolarov and Mario Balotelli. James Milner signed during the first week of the season. Edin Džeko joined the club during the January 2011 transfer window. On 16 April 2011, City reached the 2011 FA Cup Final, their first major final in over thirty years, defeating derby rivals Manchester United in the semi-final to set up a meeting with Stoke City. They won the final 1–0, securing their fifth FA Cup (and first since 1969) and their first major trophy since winning the 1976 League Cup. On 10 May 2011, the club qualified for the UEFA Champions League for the first time with a 1–0 Premier League win over Tottenham Hotspur. On the last day of the 2010–11 season, City passed Arsenal for third place in the Premier League, thereby securing qualification directly into the Champions League group stage. For the 2011–12 season, City made a number of high profile signings, including Gael Clichy, Stefan Savić, Sergio Agüero, Samir Nasri and Owen Hargreaves.
City started the season well, and after a stunning 6-1 victory against local rivals Manchester United in October, City were five points clear at the top of the Premier League.
Reserves and Academy
Until 2011 the reserves played in the Barclays Premier Reserve League North and the Manchester Senior Cup. The club have fielded a reserve team since 1892, when the reserves played in the Lancashire Combination. The reserves were champions of the Lancashire Combination in 1901/02. They left the Lancashire Combination in 1911 to join the Central League upon its formation. The reserves played in The Central League until 2000, winning it on three occasions; the 1977/78, 1986/87 and 1999/2000 seasons.
Manchester City's Academy is responsible for youth development at the club, with the goal of developing young players for the future. The club's first youth team was set up by Albert Alexander in the 1920s, known as the 'A' Team. From 1951 the 'A' team competed in the Lancashire League against reserve and youth teams of other clubs from North West England. From 1955 a second youth team, the 'B' team, typically comprising younger players than the 'A' team, competed in Division Two of the Lancashire League.
The academy is one of the most revered in the country and since its new incarnation in 1998 it has produced more professional players than any other Premier League club, 35 in total. 14 of these players are still at the club and in the past two years, there have been eight graduates.
From the 2011–12 season the reserves will compete in the new formed NextGen football series, a European style competition in the form of the Champions League or Europa League with the aim of giving young European footballers the opportunity to play against one other. Manchester City have played a pioneering role in creating the league amid growing criticism from English media that English football is not producing enough young talent.
Aside from the academy, the club attempts to reach out to young people in the Manchester area through its City in the Community charity programme which provides Soccer Schools and a City Sixes programme for free coaching at certain venues in Manchester.
Club crest and colours
Manchester City's home colours are sky blue and white. Traditional away kit colours have been either maroon or (from the 1960s) red and black; however, in recent years several different colours have been used. The origins of the club's home colours are unclear, but there is evidence that the club has worn blue since 1892 or earlier. A booklet entitled Famous Football Clubs – Manchester City published in the 1940s indicates that West Gorton (St. Marks) originally played in scarlet and black, and reports dating from 1884 describe the team wearing black jerseys bearing a white cross, showing the club's origins as a church side. The red and black away colours come from former assistant manager Malcolm Allison, who believed that adopting the colours of AC Milan would inspire City to glory. Allison's theory worked, with City winning the 1969 FA Cup Final, 1970 League Cup Final and the 1970 European Cup Winners' Cup Final in red and black stripes as opposed to the club's home kit of sky blue.
The current club crest was adopted in 1997, a result of the previous crest being ineligible for registration as a trademark.[Full citation needed] The badge is based on the arms of the city of Manchester, and consists of a shield in front of a golden eagle. The shield features a ship on its upper half representing the Manchester Ship Canal, and three diagonal stripes in the lower half symbolise the city's three rivers – the Irwell, the Irk and the Medlock. The bottom of the badge bears the motto Superbia in Proelio, which translates as Pride in Battle in Latin. Above the eagle and shield are three stars, which are purely decorative.
City have previously worn two other crests on their shirts. The first, introduced in 1970, was based on designs which had been used on official club documentation since the mid-1960s. It consisted of a circular badge which used the same shield as the current crest, inside a circle bearing the name of the club. In 1972, this was replaced by a variation which replaced the lower half of the shield with the red rose of Lancashire. On occasions when Manchester City plays in a major cup final, the usual crest has not been used; instead shirts bearing a badge of the arms of the City of Manchester are used, as a symbol of pride in representing the city of Manchester at a major event. This practice originates from a time when the players' shirts did not normally bear a badge of any kind, but has continued throughout the history of the club. For the 2011 FA Cup Final, City used the usual crest with a special legend, but the Manchester coat of arms was included as a small monochrome logo in the numbers on the back of players' shirts.
- As of 31 August 2011.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player 2 DF Micah Richards 3 DF Wayne Bridge 4 DF Vincent Kompany (captain) 5 DF Pablo Zabaleta 6 DF Joleon Lescott 7 MF James Milner 10 FW Edin Džeko 11 MF Adam Johnson 12 GK Stuart Taylor 13 DF Aleksandar Kolarov 15 DF Stefan Savić 16 FW Sergio Agüero 18 MF Gareth Barry No. Position Player 19 MF Samir Nasri 20 MF Owen Hargreaves 21 MF David Silva 22 DF Gaël Clichy 24 DF Nedum Onuoha 25 GK Joe Hart 28 DF Kolo Touré 30 GK Costel Pantilimon (on loan from Politehnica Timişoara) 32 FW Carlos Tévez 34 MF Nigel de Jong 37 GK Gunnar Nielsen 42 MF Yaya Touré 45 FW Mario Balotelli
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player 9 FW Emmanuel Adebayor (at Tottenham until the end of 2011–12 season) 14 FW Roque Santa Cruz (at Real Betis until the end of 2011–12 season) 26 GK David González (at Aberdeen until December 2011) 33 DF Greg Cunningham (at Nottingham Forest until December 2011) 38 DF Dedryck Boyata (at Bolton until the end of 2011–12 season) No. Position Player 40 MF Vladimír Weiss (at Espanyol until the end of 2011–12 season) 43 FW Alex Nimely (at Middlesbrough until December 2011) 50 MF Abdi Ibrahim (at N.E.C until the end of 2011–12 season) 62 MF Abdul Razak (at Portsmouth until December 2011) — MF Michael Johnson (at Leicester until the end of the 2011–12 season)
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player 23 MF Marc-Vivien Foé (posthumous honour)
Since 2003, Manchester City have not issued the squad number 23. It was retired in memory of Marc-Vivien Foé, who was on loan to the club from Lyon at the time of his death on the field of play whilst playing for Cameroon in the 2003 Confederations Cup.
Halls of Fame
Manchester City Hall of Fame
The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the Manchester City F.C. Hall of Fame, and are listed according to the year of their induction:
Inductees in MCFC Hall of Fame Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC Notes Manchester City players who were the inaugural inductees in January 2004 2004 Billy Meredith FW (outside right) player 1894–1906, 1921–1924 also see NFM Hall of Fame Tommy Johnson FW (centre forward)
& (inside left)
player 1919–1930 Eric Brook FW (outside left) player 1928–1939 Frank Swift GK player 1933–1949 also see NFM Hall of Fame Peter Doherty FW (inside left) player 1936–1945 also see NFM Hall of Fame Roy Clarke FW (outside left) player 1947–1958 Lifetime achievement award Bert Trautmann, OBE GK player 1949–1964 also see NFM Hall of Fame Roy Paul MF (half back) player 1950–1957 Mike Summerbee FW / MF (outside right) player 1965–1975 Tony Book DF (right back) player
1973, 1974–1979, 1980, 1989, 1993
Colin Bell, MBE MF player 1966–1979 also see NFM Hall of Fame Francis Lee FW player
also see NFM Hall of Fame Joe Corrigan GK player 1967–1983 Paul Lake FW / MF / DF player 1987–1996 Niall Quinn, (Honorary) MBE FW player 1990–1996 also see NFM Hall of Fame Manchester City players and teams inducted since 2004 2005 Sam Cowan DF (centre half) player
Ken Barnes MF (wing half) player 1950–1961 Lifetime achievement award Alan Oakes MF player 1958–1976 Joe Mercer, OBE MF (left half) manager 1965–1971 Outstanding achievement award
also see NFM Hall of Fame
Malcolm Allison DF (centre half) assistant mgr.
Outstanding achievement award
also see NFM Hall of Fame
2006 Ernie Toseland FW (outside right) player 1928–1938 Johnny Hart FW (inside forward) player
Lifetime achievement award Manchester City 1956
FA Cup-winning team
not applicable en masse induction Mike Doyle DF / MF player 1965–1978 Shaun Goater FW player 1998–2003 Cult hero award 2008 Fred Tilson FW (centre forward) player 1928–1939 Neil Young FW (outside left)
& (inside left)
player 1961–1972 Alex Williams, MBE GK player 1980–1986 Lifetime achievement award 2009 Uwe Rösler FW player 1994–1998
Last updated: 31 March 2011
Source: list of MCFC Hall of Fame inductees
National Football Museum Hall of Fame
The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the English Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the National Football Museum Hall of Fame) and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:
Inductees in NFM Hall of Fame Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date 2002 Peter Doherty FW (inside left) player 1936–1945 Denis Law FW player 1960–1961, 1973–1974 Kevin Keegan, OBE FW / MF manager 2001–2005 2003 Peter Schmeichel, MBE GK player 2002–2003 Alan Ball, MBE MF manager 1995–1996 2005 Bert Trautmann, OBE GK player 1949–1964 Colin Bell, MBE MF player 1966–1979 2007 Billy Meredith FW (outside right) player 1894–1906, 1921–1924 Mark Hughes FW manager 2008–2009 2009 Frank Swift GK player 1933–1949 2010 Francis Lee FW player 1967–1974 Managers with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date 2002 Sir Matt Busby, CBE, KCSG FW (inside right) /
MF (right half)
player 1928–1936 2004 Don Revie, OBE FW (centre forward) player 1951–1956 2005 Howard Kendall MF manager 1989–1990 2009 Joe Mercer, OBE MF (left half) manager 1965–1971 Malcolm Allison DF (centre half) assistant mgr.
Manchester City "Football Foundation Community Champions" inducted to date 2007 Niall Quinn, (Honorary) MBE FW player 1990–1996 Manchester City teams inducted to date 2009 Manchester City 1967–70 not applicable
Last updated: 30 March 2011
Source: list of NFM Hall of Fame inductees
Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame
The following former Manchester City players and managers are inductees in the Scottish Football Hall of Fame (a.k.a. the Scottish Football Museum Hall of Fame) and are listed according to the year of their induction within the various categories:
Inductees in SFM Hall of Fame Year of induction Player Position Role at MCFC Years in role at MCFC Players with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date 2004 Denis Law FW player 1960–1961, 1973–1974 Billy McNeill, MBE DF manager 1983–1986 2010 Bobby Johnstone FW (inside right) player 1955–1959 Managers with Manchester City backgrounds inducted to date 2004 Matt Busby, CBE, KCSG FW (inside right) /
MF (right half)
Last updated: 30 March 2011
Source: list of SFM Hall of Fame inductees
Position Name Manager Roberto Mancini Assistant manager Brian Kidd First team coach Fausto Salsano First team coach David Platt First team coach Attilio Lombardo Goalkeeping coach Massimo Battara Fitness coach Ivan Carminati International academy director Jim Cassell Under-21 elite development manager Andy Welsh Head of Platt Lane Academy Mark Allen Academy team manager Scott Sellars
- Table correct as of 08 November 2011
Name From To Games Wins Draws Loss Win % Honours Tom Maley 1902 1906 150 89 22 39 59.33 1904 FA Cup Wilf Wild 1932 1946 352 158 71 123 44.89 1934 FA Cup
1936–37 First Division
1937 Charity Shield
Les McDowall 1950 1963 592 220 127 245 37.16 1956 FA Cup Final Joe Mercer 1965 1971 340 149 94 97 43.82 1965–66 Second Division
1967–68 First Division
1968 Charity Shield
1969 FA Cup
1970 European Cup Winners' Cup
1970 League Cup
Tony Book 1974 1979 269 114 75 80 42.38 1976 League Cup Roberto Mancini 2009 Present 104 62 21 21 59.62 2011 FA Cup
Manchester City has a large fanbase in relation to its comparative lack of success on the pitch. Since moving to the City of Manchester Stadium, Manchester City's average attendances have been in the top six in England, usually in excess of 40,000. Even in the late 1990s, when the club were relegated twice in three seasons and playing in the third tier of English football (then Division Two, now Football League One), home attendances were in the region of 30,000, compared to an average for the division of fewer than 8,000. Research carried out by Manchester City in 2005 estimates a fanbase of 886,000 in the United Kingdom and a total in excess of 2 million worldwide.
Manchester City has a number of supporters organisations, of which two have official recognition: the Manchester City FC Supporters Club (1949) (formed from a merger of the Official Supporters Club [OSC] and the Centenary Supporters Association [CSA] in July 2010) and the International Supporters Club. There have been several fanzines published by supporters; the longest running is King of the Kippax and it is the only one still published.
The City fans' song of choice is a rendition of "Blue Moon", which despite its melancholic theme is belted out with gusto as though it were a heroic anthem. City supporters tend to believe that unpredictability is an inherent trait of their team, and label unexpected results "typical City". Events that fans regard as "typical City" include City's being the only reigning English champions ever to be relegated (in 1938), the only team to score and concede over 100 goals in the same season (1957–58), or the more recent example that City were the only team to beat Chelsea in the 2004–05 Premier League, yet in the same season City were knocked out of the FA Cup by Oldham Athletic, a team two divisions lower.
Manchester City's biggest rivalry is with neighbours Manchester United, against whom they contest the Manchester derby. Before the Second World War, when travel to away games was rare, many Mancunian football fans regularly watched both teams even if considering themselves "supporters" of only one. This practice continued into the early 1960s but as travel became easier, and the cost of entry to matches rose, watching both teams became unusual and the rivalry intensified.
A common stereotype is that City fans come from Manchester proper, while United fans come from elsewhere. A 2002 report by a researcher at Manchester Metropolitan University found that while it was true that a higher proportion of City season ticket holders came from Manchester postcode areas (40% compared to United's 29%), there were more United season ticket holders, the lower percentage being due to United's higher overall number of season ticket holders (27,667 compared to City's 16,481); not highlighted in the report was that within the City of Manchester itself, there were more City season ticket holders (approximately 4 for every 3 United). The report warned that since the compiling of data in 2001, the number of both City and United season ticket holders had risen; expansion of United's ground and City's move to the City of Manchester Stadium have caused season ticket sales to increase further.
In the late 1980s, City fans started a craze of bringing inflatable objects to matches, primarily oversized bananas. One disputed explanation for the craze is that in a match against West Bromwich Albion chants from fans calling for the introduction of Imre Varadi as a substitute mutated into "Imre Banana". Terraces packed with inflatable-waving supporters became a frequent sight in the 1988–89 season as the craze spread to other clubs (inflatable fish were seen at Grimsby Town), with the phenomenon reaching a peak at City's match at Stoke City on 26 December 1988, a match declared by fanzines as a fancy dress party.
Ownership and finances
The holding company of Manchester City F.C., Manchester City Limited, is a private limited company, with approximately 54 million shares in issue. The club has been in private hands since 2007, when the major shareholders agreed to sell their holdings to UK Sports Investments Limited (UKSIL), a company controlled by former Thailand prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. UKSIL then made a formal offer to buy the shares held by several thousand small shareholders.
Prior to the Thaksin takeover, the club was listed on the specialist independent equity market PLUS (formerly OFEX), where it had been listed since 1995. On 6 July 2007, having acquired 75% of the shares, Thaksin de-listed the club and re-registered it as a private company. By August UKSIL had acquired over 90% of the shares, and exercised its rights under the Companies Act to "squeeze out" the remaining shareholders, and acquire the entire shareholding. Thaksin Shinawatra became chairman of the club and two of Thaksin's children, Pintongta and Panthongtae also became directors. Former chairman John Wardle stayed on the board for a year, but resigned in July 2008 following Nike executive Garry Cook's appointment as executive chairman in May. The club made a pre-tax loss of £11m in the year ending 31 May 2007, the final year for which accounts were published as a public company.
Thaksin's purchase prompted a period of transfer spending at the club, spending in around £30 million, whereas over the previous few seasons net spending had been among the lowest in the division. A year later, this investment was itself dwarfed by larger sums. On 1 September 2008, Abu Dhabi-based Abu Dhabi United Group Investment and Development Limited completed a takeover of Manchester City. The deal, worth a reported £200 million, was announced on the morning of 1 September. It sparked various transfer "deadline-day" rumours and bids such as the club's attempt to gazump Manchester United's protracted bid to sign Dimitar Berbatov from Tottenham Hotspur for a fee in excess of £30 million. Minutes before the transfer window closed, the club signed Robinho from Real Madrid for a British record transfer fee of £32.5 million. The wealth of the new owners meant that in the summer of 2009, the club was able to finance the purchase of several experienced international players prior to the new season, spending more than any other club in the Premier League.
Manchester City's current stadium is the City of Manchester Stadium, also known as Eastlands and the Etihad Stadium since July 2011 because of sponsorship commitments. The stadium is situated in East Manchester and is part of a 200-year operating lease from Manchester City Council after the 2002 Commonwealth Games. The stadium has been City's home since the end of the 2002–03 season, when the club moved from Maine Road. Before moving to the stadium, Manchester City spent in excess of £30 million to convert it to football use. The field of play was lowered by several metres, adding an additional tier of seating around the entire pitch. A new North Stand was also built. The inaugural match at the new stadium was a 2–1 win over FC Barcelona in a friendly match. The current capacity as of summer 2011 stands at 47,805, after various stadium renovations under the new owners since 2008.
Manchester City have used several grounds during their history: after playing home matches at five different stadia between 1880 and 1887, the club settled at Hyde Road, its home for 36 years. After a fire destroyed the Main Stand in 1920, the club started to seek a new site and moved to the 84-000 capacity Maine Road three years later. Maine Road, nicknamed the "Wembley of the North" by its designers, hosted the largest-ever crowd at an English club ground when 84,569 attended an FA Cup tie against Stoke City on 3 March 1934. Though Maine Road was redeveloped several times over its 80-year lifespan, by 1995 its capacity was restricted to 32,000, prompting the search for a new ground which culminated in the move to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2003.
- Football League First Division (first tier)
- Winners (2): 1936–37, 1967–68
- Runners-up (3): 1903–04, 1920–21, 1976–77
- Winners (2): 1936–37, 1967–68
- Football League Second Division / Football League First Division (second tier)
- Winners (7): (record): 1898–99, 1902–03, 1909–10, 1927–28, 1946–47, 1965–66, 2001–02
- Runners-up (4): 1895–96, 1950–51, 1988–89, 1999–2000
- Winners (7): (record): 1898–99, 1902–03, 1909–10, 1927–28, 1946–47, 1965–66, 2001–02
- Football League Third Division / Football League Second Division (third tier)
- Play-off winners: 1998–99
- Full Members Cup
- Runners-up (1): 1986
- Record League victory – 11–3 v. Lincoln City (23 March 1895, most goals scored) 10–0 v. Darwen (18 February 1899, widest margin of victory)
- Record FA Cup victory – 12–0 v. Liverpool Stanley (4 October 1890)
- Record League defeat – 0–8 v. Burton Wanderers (26 December 1894), 0–8 v. Wolverhampton Wanderers (23 December 1933), 1–9 v. Everton (3 September 1906), 2–10 v. Small Heath (17 March 1893)
- Record FA Cup defeat – 0–6 v. Preston North End (30 January 1897), 2–8 v. Bradford Park Avenue (30 January 1946)
- Highest home attendance – 84,569 v. Stoke City (3 March 1934) (remains the record home attendance in English football)
- Most League appearances – 561 + 3 sub, Alan Oakes 1958–76
- Most appearances overall – 676 + 4 sub, Alan Oakes 1958–76
- Most goals scored overall – 177, Eric Brook 1928–40
- Most goals scored in a season – 38, Tommy Johnson 1928–29
- Record transfer fee paid – £35 million to Atlético Madrid for Sergio Agüero, July 2011
- Record transfer fee received – £21 million from Chelsea for Shaun Wright-Phillips, July 2005
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- ^ a b James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p. 511
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- ^ a b James, Manchester City – The Complete Record, p. 155
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