- Upper James Street (Hamilton, Ontario)
Upper James Street, is an Upper City (mountain) arterial road in
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts at the "Claremont Access", a mountain-access road in the north, and extends southward towards the John C. Munro Hamilton International Airportwhere it then changes its name to the "Hamilton Port Dover Plain Road", (Highway 6). It is a two-way street throughout.
Named Upper James Street because it was in alignment with James Street in the Lower City Hamilton and was named after one of
Nathaniel Hughson's sons. Hughson was one of the City founders along with George Hamilton and James Durand.cite book|title=Dictionary of Hamilton Biography (Vol I, 1791-1875)|first=Thomas Melville |last=Bailey|publisher=W.L. Griffin Ltd|year=1981] Originally was called the "Caledonia Road" because it was the road that lead to Caledonia, Ontario.
As early as 1842 an Inn was situated at the top of the escarpment near Claremont access, where present day Southam Park is situated. By 1850 a 4-storey stone structure was erected at the site and it was called the "Mountain View Hotel". It met the needs of those travelling the Caledonia Road, (Upper James Street). Farmers travelling in from townships south of Hamilton rested their horses here on the way to and from the
Hamilton Farmer's Market. It offered patrons an unobstructed view of the city below and Lake Ontario beyond. The hotel served as a lookout point for Thirteenth Battalion during the Fenian threat in 1866. The building was destroyed by fire in 1878 and replaced by a new 5-storey structure that included an elaborate observation tower on its eastern end in 1881. In 1890 a pavilion suitable for roller skatingand dancingwas added attracting various family and orgainized events. Access was improved with an Incline railway immediately to the north. When the establishments liquor licensewas revoked in 1916 the property was sold. It thn served as the home for the "Hamilton Hunt Club". The building was razed in 1937 and the grounds were donated to the City of Hamilton for use as a park in 1943.
Westend incline railway
James Street, at the base of the
Niagara Escarpmentwas the site of the city's first Incline railway(1892-1932). Back then, the Incline railway on James Street was known as the " Hamilton & Barton Incline Railway." It connected up to present day Upper James Street.cite web|url=http://home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~wyatt/alltime/hamilton-on.html |title=Hamilton Street Railway History |accessdate=2007-03-26] cite web|url= http://email@example.com/|title= Hamilton Transit History|accessdate=2007-03-26] The city's second Incline railwayon Wentworth Street South, (1895-1936), was known as the " Eastend Incline Railway" but was often called, "The Mount Hamilton Incline Railway." cite web|url=http://home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~wyatt/alltime/hamilton-on.html |title=Hamilton Street Railway History |accessdate=2007-03-23] cite web|url= http://firstname.lastname@example.org/|title= Hamilton Transit History|accessdate=2007-03-26] The Eastend Incline on Wentworth Street was electrically operated and the Westend Incline on James Street depended on steam for its power.cite press release| title = Inclines prove equal to their important task | publisher =The Hamilton Spectator| date = 1924-02-29| accessdate = 2008-08-29]
In 1924, following the city's booming development in the east, there was some serious discussion regarding the addition of a third incline railway. The 2 locations be considered at the time were Sherman Avenue or Ottawa Street South. The population of Hamilton Mountain at the time was 6,000.cite press release| title =Inclines prove equal to their important task.| publisher =The Hamilton Spectator| date =
1924-02-29| accessdate = 2008-08-29]
In 1929, the city's brochures were using the motto, "The City Beautiful and Hub of Canadian Highways" as well as "The City of Opportunity". In regards to the
Incline railways, the brochures go on to boast, "There is no finer view anywhere on the North American continent than the panorama to be seen from the Hamilton mountain. The city below, the blue waters of Hamilton harbour and Lake Ontario. In the background, flanked on the east by the famous "Niagara Fruit District" and on the west by the beautiful "Dundas Valley" and a range of hills, combine to make a picture no artist could paint. There are several roads leading up to the summit and you can drive upon "high", but if you want to enjoy a unique experience and give the family a thrill, drive your car onto one of the Incline Railways and you will have something to tell the folks about when you go back home."
Construction began on November 1890 with the clearing of the right of way between James Street South and the Caledonia Road near the site of the Mountain View Hotel. The double tracks were 700 feet in length on a grade of 31% to overcome the 195 feet rise of the escarpment. Over half the line was supported on
trestleswhich, at their maximum, held the 36 foot long cars 50 feet above the ground. Stationary engines drew the cars to the top using steel cables.
Opened June 11, 1892, it was heavily used by residents and tourists alike. The 75
secondride provided a convenient link between the city and Barton Township for both pedestrian and horse-drawn traffic. Improved mountain access roads and the rise in popularity of motorized traffic caused a steadily declining numbers of customers. The line ceased operation on December 26, 1931.
The abandoned rails and equipment were removed during
World War IIand the right of way came under the jurisdiction of the Hamilton Parks Board.
John C. Munro Hamilton International Airportor Hamilton International, is an international airport and is named for John Munro, a Hamilton Member of Parliamentand cabinet minister. John Munro, elected to the Canadian House of Commonsin the 1962 election, and served continuously as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Hamilton, Ontario. Munro was appointed to Cabinet by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, and served variously as Minister of Amateur Sport, Minister of Health and Welfare and Minister of Labour from 1968 to 1978 when he was forced to resign from over the "Skyshops" scandal. The airport was originally built in 1940 as the "Mount Hope Airport", a Royal Canadian Air Forcebase. After the war, the airport gradually shifted towards civil use, The military ceased using it as a base in 1964. In 1994 Transport Canadaannounces it will divest itself of local and regional airports. The region of Hamilton issues a request for proposals from private firms to run the airport. In 1996 Hamilton International Airport Limited (HIAL) is the fully owned subsidiary of "TradePort International Corporation". HIAL begins to manage the Hamilton/John C. Munro International Airport. TradePort, winner of the bid to take over the airport, assumes responsibility to manage, finance and operate it under a 40-year lease.cite web|url=http://www.flyhi.ca/index.shtml |title=Hamilton International Airport (official) |accessdate=2008-09-18]
Canadian Warplane Heritage Museumis a major Canadian aviation museum. It is located at the John C. Munro International Airport. The museum is a non-profit organization whose mandate is to acquire, document, preserve and maintain a complete collection of aircraft that were flown by Canadians and the Canadian military services from the beginning of the Second World Warto the present.cite web|url=http://www.warplane.com/index.html |title=Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum (official) |accessdate=2008-09-18]
"Note: Listing of Landmarks from North to South."
* James Street Stairway (second upper level), 300-metres East of the lower section stairs.
* Claremont Access (mountain-access road)
* Southam Park
** Old site of the "Hamilton & Barton Incline Railway" (West-end Incline Railway)
** Old site of the "Mountain View Hotel"
* Unity Church on the Mountain (church)
* St. Peter & Paul Church (off Brucedale Avenue)
* Upper James Court (Two 3-storey apartment complexes)
* Delmonico (15-storey apartment building)
* Mountain Plaza Mall
* Mohawk Plaza (shopping/ commercial)
* Butty Tower (10-storey apartment building)
* Ridgemount Junior Public School (off Hester Street)
Dave Andreychuk Mountain Arena & Skating Centre(off Hester Street)
* Upper James
* Cresmount Funeral Home/ Upper James Chapel
Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway, ‘The LINC,'
* John Bear GM used vehicles dealership
* Airport Inn (hotel)
* Courtyard by Marriot Hamilton (hotel)
* Barton Stone Church (the church that "Stone Church Road" is named after)
* Dr. William Berthume Park
SubaruHamilton car dealership
* Upper James Odeon Cineplex (theatre)
* Upper James Square (shopping/ commercial)
* South Hamilton Square (shopping/ commercial)
* Sharples Wholesale Greenhouses
* St. Paul's Glanbrook Church
* Super 8 Motel
* Mount Hope Post Office
Willow Valley Golf Course[http://www.willowvalleygolf.com/] (18 holes, public)
Southern Pines Golf & Country Club[http://www.southernpinesgolfandcc.com/] (18 holes, Semi-Private)
Chippewa Creek Golf & Country Club[http://www.chippewacreekgolf.com/] (27 holes, semi-private), in Mount Hope. 6,300 yard, par 72 course offers a diverse 27 holes, irrigated fairways, elevated tees.
* John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport
Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum
"Note: Listing of neighbourhoods from North to South." cite web| title = Hamilton Neighbourhood Boundaries, (map.hamilton.ca)| url=http://map.hamilton.ca/Static/PDFs/General%20Interest%20maps/Overall%20City/NeighbourhoodBoundaries.pdf| accessdate = 2008-09-20]
* Ryckmans Corners
* Kennedy/ Allison, Upper James cuts through these two neighbourhoods
* Twenty Place
* North Glanford
* Mount Hope
Roads that are parallel with Upper James Street
"Note: Listing of Roads from West to East."
* Wilson Street (Ancaster)
* Highway 403
* Upper Paradise Road
* Garth Street
* West 5th Street
* Upper James Street
* Upper Wellington Street
* Upper Wentworth Street
* Upper Sherman Avenue
* Upper Gage Avenue
* Upper Ottawa Street
* Nebo Road
* Upper Kenilworth Avenue
* Mountain Brow Boulevard
* Upper Centennial Parkway
Roads that cross Upper James Street
"Note: Listing of streets from North to South."
* Queensdale Avenue West/ East
* Fennell Avenue, West/East
* Mohawk Road, West/East
* Limeridge Road West/East
Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway
* Stone Church Road, West/East
* , West/East
* Twenty Road, West/East
* Dickenson Road, West/East
* Airport Road, West/East
Golden HorseshoeAtlas - Page 647, 657, 667 - Grids J12, K12, L12, M12, N12, P12, Q12, R12, S12, T12, U12
* [http://www.brucetrail.org Bruce Trail Association]
* [http://www.warplane.com/index.html Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum (official)]
* [http://www.flyhi.ca/index.shtml Hamilton International Airport (official)]
* [http://brucetrail.wholemap.com/ Hikes on the Bruce Trail]
* [http://www.escarpment.org/ Niagara Escarpment Commission (NEC) Official web site]
* [http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Upper+James+Street,+Hamilton&sll=43.106372,-79.904766&sspn=0.054392,0.153809&ie=UTF8&ll=43.228069,-79.884853&spn=0.054284,0.153809&z=13&iwloc=addr Google Maps: Upper James Street (Hybrid)]
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