Battle of Tricamarum

Battle of Tricamarum

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Tricamarum
partof=the Vandalic War

date=December 15, 533
place=Near Carthage
result=Byzantine victory
combatant1=Byzantine Empire
combatant2=Vandalic Kingdom
commander1=Flavius Belisarius

The Battle of Tricamarum took place on December 15, 533 between the armies of the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, and his brother Tzazon, and the eastern Roman Empire (later referred to as the Byzantine Empire), under the command of General Belisarius. It followed Gelimer's defeat at the Battle of Ad Decimum, and eliminated the power of the Vandals for good, completing the "Reconquest" of North Africa under the Emperor Justinian I.

After being ejected from Carthage, Gelimer set up at Bulla Regia in Numidia, about 100 miles to the west of Carthage (at what is now the western border of modern Tunisia). He knew that in his current state he would not be able to face Belisarius's forces, so he sent messengers to his brother Tzazo who was currently campaigning in Sardinia. When he received the message, Tzazo set about returning to Africa to join Gelimer.

Meanwhile Gelimer also attempted to divide the forces helping Belisarius. He offered rewards to the local Punic and Berber tribes for every Roman head they could bring, and sent agents to Carthage to attempt to have Belisarius's Hun mercenaries — vital to his success at Ad Decimum — betray him.

Tzazon and his army joined Gelimer early in December, at which point Gelimer felt his forces were strong enough to take the offensive. With the two brothers at the head of the army, the Vandal force paused on the way to Carthage to destroy the great aqueduct which supplied the city with most of its water.

Belisarius had fortified the city in the twelve weeks since Ad Decimum, but knew about Gelimer's agents and could no longer trust the Huns in his forces. Instead of waiting for a possible treachery during a siege, he formed up his army and marched out with the cavalry at the front, and the Huns at the rear of the column.

The two forces met at Tricamarum, some 30 miles west of Carthage, and the Roman cavalry immediately charged the Vandal lines, reforming and attacking two more times. During the third charge Tzazo was killed within sight of Gelimer. As had happened at Ad Decimum, Gelimer lost heart. The Vandal lines began to retreat, and soon were in rout. Gelimer fled back into Numidia with what remained of his army, losing over 3,000 men killed or taken prisoner. Belisarius then marched on the city of Hippo Regius, which opened its gates to him.

Gelimer realized that his kingdom was lost, and attempted to flee to Spain where some Vandals still remained, not having followed the main forces when they crossed into North Africa years earlier. However, the Romans heard of his plans and intercepted him. He was forced to abandon his belongings and take refuge in the mountains of Tunis with the Berbers. The next year he was found and surrounded by Roman forces led by Pharas the Herulian. At first he refused to surrender, even after promises of being allowed to rule. After a particularly nasty winter, he eventually gave up and surrendered to Belisarius. The Vandal Kingdom ended, and their provinces in Sardinia, Corsica and the Balearic Islands came under the control of Justinian.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Ad Decimum — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Ad Decimum partof=the Vandalic War caption= date=September 13, 533 place=Near Carthage result=Byzantine victory combatant1=Eastern Roman Empire combatant2=Vandal Kingdom commander1=Flavius Belisarius… …   Wikipedia

  • Tzazo — (also known as Tzazon or Zano) was the brother to King Gelimer (530 to 534), the last Vandal ruler of the North Africa. Tzazo died on 15 December 533 during the Battle of Tricamarum, which finally brought to an end the Vandal Kingdom in North… …   Wikipedia

  • Vandalic War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Vandalic War partof=Justinian s wars of Reconquest caption= date=533 ndash; 534 AD place=modern Tunisia casus= territory=Africa Province captured result=Roman victory, destruction of the Vandal Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles before 601 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current See also: List of Roman battles Before 500 BC5th century BC4th century BC*398 BC Siege of Motya Phoenician city Motya sacked. *397 BC Battle of Messene Ionian Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman battles — The following is a list of Roman Battles fought by the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and sometimes the Byzantine Empire, organized by date. The list is not exhaustive. For the complete list see List of battles, for other… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine army — Infobox War Faction name= Byzantine Army war= Wars of the Byzantine Empire caption= active= 330 1453 AD ideology= leaders= Byzantine Emperor (Commander in chief) headquarters=Constantinople area= Balkans, Asia Minor, Middle East, Italy, North… …   Wikipedia

  • Military history of Greece — This article is about the period from 400 AD onwards. For the period prior to 400 AD, see Military history of ancient Greece. History of Greece …   Wikipedia

  • List of Byzantine Empire-related topics — NOTOC This is a list of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire. Feel free to add more, and create missing pages.AAachen Cathedral, Acacius of Constantinople, Academy, Aegean Sea, Aegyptus (Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Wars involving Greece — This is a list of wars fought involving Greece and Greek states between 2800 BC and 2005: Prehistoric Greece * (possible) invasion of Crete from Anatolia (1700 BC) * Invasion of Crete by Mycenaeans (1420 BC) Bronze Age Greek Dark Ages Ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Tunisia-related topics — This is a partial list of topics related to Tunisia. Geography * Cap Bon (also known as Sharik Peninsula) * Ras ben Sakka (northernmost point of Africa) * Strait of Sicily Landforms Gulfs * Gulf of Gabès * Gulf of Hammamet * Gulf of Tunis Islands …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.