Sredny Stog culture

Sredny Stog culture

The Sredny Stog culture (named after the Ukrainian village of Serednyi Stih where it was first located, for which Sredny Stog is the conventional Russian-language designation) dates from the 4500-3500 BC. It was situated just north of the Sea of Azov between the Dnieper and the Don. One of the best known sites associated with this culture is Dereivka.

It seems to have had contact with the agricultural Trypillian culture in the west, and was a contemporary of the Khvalynsk culture. There is a suggestion (by Yuri Rassamakin) that it should be considered an areal term, with at least four distinct cultural elements. The foremost expert on this culture (Dmytro Telegin) has divided Sredny Stog into two distinct phases. It was succeeded by the Yamna culture.

Inhumation was in a ground level pit, not yet capped by a tumulus (kurgan). The deceased was placed on his back with the legs flexed. Ochre was used. Phase II also knew corded ware pottery, which it may have originated, and stone battle-axes of the type later associated with expanding Indo-European cultures to the West. Most notably, it has perhaps the earliest evidence of horse domestication (in phase II, ca. 4000-3500 BC) with finds suggestive of cheek-pieces (psalia).

In the context of the modified Kurgan hypothesis of Marija Gimbutas, this pre-kurgan archaeological culture could represent the Urheimat (homeland) of the Proto-Indo-European language. Paleolithic Continuity Theory [Mario Alinei 'Interdisciplinary and linguistic evidence for Paleolithic continuity of Indo-European, Uralic and Altaic populations in Eurasia', 2003] , associates Pit Grave and Sredny Stog Kurgan cultures with Turkic peoples.


*J. P. Mallory, "Sredny Stog Culture", "Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture", Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Culture de Sredny Stog — La Culture de Sredny Stog (ainsi dénommé d après le village de Seredny Stih en Ukraine, où elle fut localisée en premier, Sredny Stog étant sa désignation traditionnelle en russe) remonte à la période comprise entre 4500 et 3500 av. J. C. Elle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de Yamna — Culture Yamna Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture de Yamnaya — Culture Yamna Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture Botaï — Culture de Botaï Reconstitution d un Tarpan, animal photographié en 2004, en Allemagne, que l on croit phénotypiquement proche de l ancêtre du cheval domestique. Site ou région éponyme Botaï (Nord Kazakhstan) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture Yamna — Étendue approximative de la culture v. 3200 2300 av. J. C. La culture Yamna au …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture d'Afanasievo — Étendue approximative de la culture d Afanasievo, en vert. La culture d Andronovo est en orange …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yamna culture — Approximate culture extent c. 3200 2300 BC. The Yamna culture in 4th millennium BC Europe …   Wikipedia

  • Cucuteni-Trypillian culture — Characteristic example of Cucuteni Trypillian pottery …   Wikipedia

  • Middle Dnieper culture — Bronze Age This box: view · talk · edit ↑ Chalcolithic …   Wikipedia

  • Potapovka culture — Potapovka culture, ca. 2500 mdash;2000 BC. A Bronze Age culture centered on the Samara bend in the middle Volga region, projecting well east into the Samara River valley.It seems to be connected only in a material culture way with the earlier… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»