- Inigo Jones
Iñigo Jones (
July 15, 1573– June 21, 1652) is regarded as the first significant British architect, and the first to bring Renaissance architectureto England. He also made valuable contributions to stage design.
Beyond the fact that he was born in the vicinity of Smithfield in central
London, the son of a Welsh Catholic cloth worker, [His father also bore the unusual name "Iñigo"—perhaps a form of "Ignatius," or a derivative from Spanish. Leapman, p. 14.] and christened at the church of St Bartholomew the Less, little is known about Jones' early years. But towards the end of the 16th century, he became one of the first Englishmen to study architecture in Italy, making two visits to that country. The first (c.1598-1603) was possibly funded by Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland. The second, from 1613 to 1614, found Iñigo in the company of the Earl of Arundel. He may also have been in Italy in 1606 and was influenced by the ambassador Henry Wottonand owned a copy of Andrea Palladio's works with marginaliathat refer to Wotton. See [http://www.henrywotton.org.uk/ Wotton And His Worlds 2004] by Gerald Curzon. His work became particularly influenced by Palladio. To a lesser extent, he also held that the setting out of buildings should be guided by principles first described by ancient Roman writer Vitruvius.Jones' best known buildings are the Queen's Houseat Greenwich, London(started in 1616, his earliest surviving work) and the Banqueting House at Whitehall(1619) – part of a major modernisation by him of the Palace of Whitehall– which also has a ceiling painted by Peter Paul Rubens.
The Banqueting House was one of several projects where Jones worked with his personal assistant and nephew by marriage John Webb.
The other project in which Jones was involved was the design of
Covent Garden. He was commissioned by the Earl of Bedford to build a residential square along the lines of an Italian piazza. The Earl felt obliged to provide a church and he warned Jones that he wanted to economise. He told him to simply erect a "barn" and Jones' oft-quoted response was that his lordship would have "the finest barn in Europe". Little remains of the original church situated to the west of the piazza.
As well as his architectural work, Jones did a great deal of work in the field of
stage design. He is credited with introducing movable scenery and the proscenium archto English theatre. Jones designed costumes, sets, and stage effects for a number of masques by Ben Jonson, and the two had famous arguments about whether stage design or literature was more important in theatre. (Jonson ridiculed Jones in a series of his works, written over a span of two decades.) [See: " The Masque of Augurs"; " The Staple of News;" "A Tale of a Tub;" " Love's Welcome at Bolsover". Jonson's follower Richard Bromealso took a swipe at Jones in " The Weeding of Covent Garden."]
As the Surveyor of Works to King Charles I, Jones worked for Queen
Henrietta Mariaon the design of a Roman Catholic chapelat Somerset House(an act that provoked great suspicion from the Protestants) and his career effectively ended with the outbreak of the English Civil Warin 1642 and the seizure of the King's houses in 1643. His property was later returned to him (c.1646) but Jones ended his days living in Somerset Houseand was subsequently buried in the Church of St Benet Paul's Wharf, in London. John Denham and then Christopher Wrenfollowed him as King's Surveyor of Works.
It was in his capacity as surveyor that he was asked to conduct some measurements of
Stonehenge. While some of Jones's observations are questionable, and his interpretations and conclusions can only be regarded as fanciful at best, his was the first serious survey.
He was an influence on a number of 18th century architects, notably Lord Burlington and
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Íñigo Jones — Inigo Jones Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jones. Inigo Jones, par Antoine Van Dyck. Inigo Jones (15 … Wikipédia en Français
Íñigo Jones — Íñigo Jones, por Anthony van Dyck. Íñigo Jones o Inigo Jones (Smithfield, Londres; 15 de julio de 1573 – Londres; 2 de junio de 1652) es conocido por ser el primer arquitecto británico significativo en la Historia de la arquitectura de aquel país … Wikipedia Español
Inigo Jones — Inigo Jones, Gemälde von Anthonis van Dyck Queen’s House in Gre … Deutsch Wikipedia
Inigo Jones — Inigo Jones † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Inigo Jones A famous English architect, b. 15 July, 1573, in London; d. 21 June, 1652, and was buried in the chancel of St. Benet s, Paul s Wharf, London. His father was a clothworker in the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Inigo Jones — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jones. Inigo Jones, par Antoine Van Dyck. Inigo Jones (15 juillet 1573 – … Wikipédia en Français
Inigo Jones — noun one of the first great English architects and a theater designer (1573 1652) • Syn: ↑Jones • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer * * * Inigo Jones [Inigo Jones] … Useful english dictionary
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