Parthia (satrapy)


Parthia (satrapy)

Parthia (Old Persian Parthava), before it became the Parthian Empire, was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire. The borders of Parthia were the Kopet Dag mountain range in the north (today the border between Iran and Turkmenistan) and the Dasht-e-Kavir desert in the south. It bordered Media on the west, Hyrcania on the north west, Margiana on the north east, and Aria on the south east.

In 522/521 BCE, Parthia revolted against Persian rule, joining the Median rebel king Phraortes. The Persian satrap (governor), Hystaspes, stood his ground against the rebels at Vishpauzatish, where he repelled them on March 8, 521. After receiving reinforcements, he defeated the rebels and Parthia was pacified. The last satrap of Parthia was Phrataphernes, who surrendered to Alexander the Great in 330 BCE. He was later reappointed and is known to have also been a satrap of Hyrcania in 323. [ [http://www.livius.org/pan-paz/parthia/parthia01.html Parthia] ]

It later also became a satrapy of the Sassanid Empire.

References

External links

* [http://www.livius.org/pan-paz/parthia/parthia01.html Livius.org: Parthia]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parthia — Infobox Former Country native name = Ashkâniân (اشکانیان) conventional long name = Parthian Empire common name = Parthia| continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = Middle East, Central Asia, and Western Asia country = Iran… …   Wikipedia

  • Parthia — /pahr thee euh/, n. an ancient country in W Asia, SE of the Caspian Sea: conquered by the Persians A.D. 226; now a part of NE Iran. * * * Ancient land, southwestern Asia. Corresponding roughly to modern northeastern Iran, it formed a province of… …   Universalium

  • Maka (satrapy) — Maka was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire and later a satrapy of the Parthian and Sassanian empires (known as Mazun), corresponding to modern day Bahrain, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates, plus the northern half of Oman and also… …   Wikipedia

  • Chorasmia (satrapy) — Chorasmia (Old Persian Uvârazmiya) was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Chorasmia had become part of the Achaemenid Empire before 522, and it seems to have been ruled by the satrap of Parthia. By the time of Darius III, it had become an… …   Wikipedia

  • Albania (satrapy) — Albania, or Ardhan in Parthian or Arran in Middle Persian as it was known in Persian, was a Caucasian satrapy [ [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v2f1/v2f1a035.html Gignoux. Aneran . Encyclopaedia Iranica . Text: The high priest Kirder,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mithridates I of Parthia — For other people named Mithridates, see Mithridates (disambiguation). Coin of Mithridates I from the mint at Seleucia on the Tigris. The reverse shows Heracles holding a cup, lion s skin and club. The Ancient Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ… …   Wikipedia

  • District XVII (satrapy) — District XVII was, according to Herodotus, the 17th satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. It comprised the Paricanians and Asiatic Ethiopians.[1] References ^ Satrap …   Wikipedia

  • Carmania (satrapy) — Carmania was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire as well as, later on, the Sassanid Empire. The region is equivalent to modern day Kermān Province in Iran. Nothing specific is known about the boundaries of Carmania, which may have… …   Wikipedia

  • Aria (satrapy) — Aria ( el. Polytonic|Ἀρ(ε)ὶα, Latin Aria , representing Old Persian. Haraiva , Avestan Haraeuua ), name of a region in the eastern part of the Persian empire, several times confused with Ariane in the classical sources. Geography Aria was an Old… …   Wikipedia

  • Arsacid Empire — Infobox Former Country native name = Ashkâniân (اشکانیان) conventional long name = Parthian Empire common name = Parthia| continent = Asia region = Middle East, Central Asia, and Western Asia country = Iran era = Classical antiquity status =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.