Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Broghol
Elevation = 3798 m./12,460 ft.
Location = PAK / AFG
Coordinates = coord|37|00|N|73|26|E|type:pass
Transversed by =
Broghol, also spelled Boroghil and several other ways, (el. 3798 m./12,460 ft.) is a high
mountain passthat crosses the Pamir Mountainsand connects the Wakhan Corridorof Afghanistanwith Chitralin Pakistan.
Broghol is a relatively low pass. It was closed for about three months each winter because of snow, but for much of the rest of the year it was passable even for cart traffic.
It is one of the four major mountain passes entering
Chitral; the others are the Dorah Passfrom Badakshanin Afghanistan, ShandurTop from Gilgit, and LowariTop from Dir in Pakistan.
The area of Broghol is inhabited by Wakhi and
According to the
National Geographic GenographicProject, Broghol Pass appears to be the route used by the ancestors of all modern Western Europeans to reach Europe. Modern Europeans carrying the M45 genetic marker crossed Broghol and then turned west; M45 further mutated to become M173 and then M343, which is carried by 70% of the population of England. [https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html]
As a low pass, Broghol has been often proposed but seldom used as an invasion route. During the
19th Century, the British greatly feared that the Russians would use Broghol to invade the heartland of British India. However, the Russians never did that, probably because after crossing Broghol they would have had to walk more than 200 miles down to Jalalabador else would have had to cross another equally high pass to reach Ishkoman.Fact|date=February 2007
It is possible that
Marco Polocrossed the Broghol Pass to reach China.
In popular culture
1985comedy movie Spies Like Usdepicts Dan Aykroydcrossing the Broghol Pass on a mountain yak.
* "The Gilgit Game" by John Keay (1985) ISBN 0-19-577466-3
* The Kafirs of the Hindukush (1896) Sir George Scott Robertson
* Khowar English Dictionary ISBN 0-923891-15-3
* [http://www.broghil.com Broghil, Chitral, Pakistan]
* [https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html National Geographic Genographic Project]
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