Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Broghol
Photo =
Caption =
Elevation = 3798 m./12,460 ft.
Location = PAK / AFG
Range = Pamir Mountains
Coordinates = coord|37|00|N|73|26|E|type:pass

Transversed by =

Broghol, also spelled Boroghil and several other ways, (el. 3798 m./12,460 ft.) is a high mountain pass that crosses the Pamir Mountains and connects the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan with Chitral in Pakistan.

Broghol is a relatively low pass. It was closed for about three months each winter because of snow, but for much of the rest of the year it was passable even for cart traffic.

It is one of the four major mountain passes entering Chitral; the others are the Dorah Pass from Badakshan in Afghanistan, Shandur Top from Gilgit, and Lowari Top from Dir in Pakistan.

The area of Broghol is inhabited by Wakhi and Kyrgyz people.

European migration

According to the National Geographic Genographic Project, Broghol Pass appears to be the route used by the ancestors of all modern Western Europeans to reach Europe. Modern Europeans carrying the M45 genetic marker crossed Broghol and then turned west; M45 further mutated to become M173 and then M343, which is carried by 70% of the population of England. []

Historical significance

As a low pass, Broghol has been often proposed but seldom used as an invasion route. During the 19th Century, the British greatly feared that the Russians would use Broghol to invade the heartland of British India. However, the Russians never did that, probably because after crossing Broghol they would have had to walk more than 200 miles down to Jalalabad or else would have had to cross another equally high pass to reach Ishkoman.Fact|date=February 2007

It is possible that Marco Polo crossed the Broghol Pass to reach China.

In popular culture

* The 1985 comedy movie Spies Like Us depicts Dan Aykroyd crossing the Broghol Pass on a mountain yak.


* "The Gilgit Game" by John Keay (1985) ISBN 0-19-577466-3
* The Kafirs of the Hindukush (1896) Sir George Scott Robertson
* Khowar English Dictionary ISBN 0-923891-15-3

External links

* [ Broghil, Chitral, Pakistan]
* [ National Geographic Genographic Project]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Broghol-Pass — xx Broghol Pass Gebirgspässe in Afghanistan u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yasin Valley — The Yasin Valley is a high mountain valley in the Hindu Kush mountains, in the northwest region of Gilgit in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Yasin is separated from the Ishkoman Valley by a high mountain pass. To reach Yasin one must take the… …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Pakistan — Country geography name = Pakistan continent = Asia region = Southern Asia Indian subcontinent coordinates = 30°00 N 70°00 E area ranking = 36th km area = 880940 percent land = 97.13 km coastline = 1064 borders = Total:… …   Wikipedia

  • List of mountain passes — This is a list of mountain passes. Africa *Halfaya Pass *Moteng Pass (Lesotho) *Mahlasela pass (Lesotho)Asia* Khunjerab Pass Pakistan China (highest international border crossing at 4693 m.) * Khyber Pass Pakistan Afghanistan * Kotal e Lataband * …   Wikipedia

  • List of Afghanistan-related topics — This is a list of Afghanistan related articles. See also the .Afghanistan* Afghanistan * SalajeetBuildings and structures in Afghanistan* Buddhas of Bamyan * Chakhil i Ghoundi Stupa * Darul Aman Palace * Kajakai Dam * Tajbeg PalaceArchaeological… …   Wikipedia

  • Wakhi language — Infobox Language name=Wakhi nativename= IPA|x̌ik zik states=Afghanistan (9,600), China (6,000), Pakistan (9,100), Tajikistan (7,000) speakers=approximately 31,700 familycolor=Indo European fam2=Indo Iranian fam3=Iranian fam4=Eastern Iranian… …   Wikipedia

  • Karakoram Highway — Coordinates: 35°36′N 74°39′E / 35.6°N 74.65°E / 35.6; 74.65 KKH redirects here. For other uses, see KKH (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Chitral District —   District   Map of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Chitral District highlighted Country …   Wikipedia

  • Chitral — This article is about the town of Chitral. For other uses, see Chitral (disambiguation). Coordinates: 35°50′N 71°47′E / 35.833°N 71.783°E / …   Wikipedia

  • Dorah Pass — Elevation 4,300 m (14,108 ft) Location Location …   Wikipedia