George W. Getty

George W. Getty

George Washington Getty (October 2, 1819 – October 1, 1901) was a career military officer in the United States Army, most noted for his role as a division commander in the Army of the Potomac during the final full year of the American Civil War.

Early Life

G. W. Getty was born in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, at the age of 16, and graduated 15th out of 42 graduates in the Class of 1840. Among his classmates were future Civil War generals William T. Sherman and George H. Thomas of the Union Army and Richard S. Ewell and Bushrod R. Johnson of the Confederate States Army. He was assigned to the artillery as a second lieutenant. During the Mexican-American War, he campaigned with Winfield Scott's army and was brevetted for gallantry. He fought against the Seminole Indians in Florida in the last two Seminole Wars, seeing action in 1849–50 and again in 1856–57.

Civil War

At the beginning of the Civil War, Getty was Captain of the 4th U.S. Artillery. In September 1861, he was appointed lieutenant colonel. He commanded four batteries in George B. McClellan's 1862 Peninsular Campaign. Named Chief of Artillery of Ambrose Burnside's IX Corps, he served at the battles of South Mountain and Antietam during the Maryland Campaign. Shortly afterwards, Getty was promoted to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers and assigned to the infantry. During the Battle of Fredericksburg in December, he commanded the 3rd Division of IX Corps. In March 1863, Getty's division was sent to Suffolk, Virginia, where the Federal Army under John A. Dix successfully resisted James Longstreet's investment of the town, which guarded the southern approaches to Norfolk and Hampton Roads.

After subsequent engineering duty and command of a diversion to the South Anna River during the Gettysburg Campaign, Getty served as acting Inspector General of the Army of the Potomac in early 1864, He was assigned to command second division, VI Corps. We was wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness, but recovered to lead his troops during the lengthy Siege of Petersburg, and later in Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Getty became acting commander of VI Corps when James B. Ricketts was wounded leading the corps at the Battle of Cedar Creek. He was brevetted Major General, U.S. Volunteers, in August 1864, and in the Regular Service in March 1865. Getty's division, including the famed Vermont Brigade, made the initial breakthrough at Petersburg on April 2, 1865, and took part in the final campaign of the Army of the Potomac, which terminated in the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House.

Post War Service

After the war, Getty was appointed Colonel of the 38th U.S. Infantry in the Regular Army in 1866. He transferred to the 3rd U.S. Artillery in 1871, and then commanded the Artillery School at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, for six years. Getty was a member of the Board of Conduct which exonerated former V Corps commander Fitz John Porter in 1879.

After he retired from the Army in 1883, Getty lived on a farm near Forest Glen, Maryland, before his death in 1901. He was buried in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery.

ee also

References

*Warner, Ezra J., "Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders", Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.

External links

* [http://www.generalsandbrevets.com/ngg/getty.htm Photo gallery of G.W. Getty]
* [http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/gwgetty.htm Arlington National Cemetery webpage for G.W. Getty]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • George Getty — George Franklin Getty (b. Maryland, 17 October 1855 d. 1930) was an American lawyer and father of industrialist J. Paul Getty.In 1884, he moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota where he specialised in insurance and corporate law and made a good living… …   Wikipedia

  • Getty — can refer to:The Getty family and its businesses* Balthazar Getty, American actor, son of John Paul Getty III * George Getty, American lawyer and father of J. Paul Getty * Gordon Getty, J. Paul Getty s son * J. Paul Getty, wealthy American… …   Wikipedia

  • Getty —   [ getɪ], Jean Paul, amerikanischer Industrieller, * Minneapolis (Minnesota) 15. 12. 1892, ✝ Sutton Place (bei Guildford) 6. 6. 1976. Getty betätigte sich seit 1914 in der Erdölgesellschaft seines Vaters George Franklin Getty (✝ 1939), die er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • George Washington (name) — George Washington (1732 ndash;1799) was the Commander in Chief of Continental forces in the American Revolution and the first President of the United States after the war of independence.Many people have been named after him, including:People… …   Wikipedia

  • Getty, J. Paul — ▪ American industrialist in full  Jean Paul Getty  born Dec. 15, 1892, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died June 6, 1976, Sutton Place, Surrey, Eng.       American oil billionaire reputed to be the richest man in the world at the time of his death. He… …   Universalium

  • Getty family — The Getty family of the United States made its money in oil in the 20th century. Some members of the family have lived in England and at least one has taken British citizenship.As an oil family, the Getty family can be considered to be the… …   Wikipedia

  • George Tice — (1938) is an American photographer best known for his large format black and white photographs of New Jersey [cite web url=http://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find= role= nation= prev page=1 subjectid=500037072 title=Union List of Artist… …   Wikipedia

  • George Washington Wilson — (7 February 1823 9 March 1893) [Getty Museum] was a pioneering Scottish photographer.After studying art in Edinburgh and London, Wilson returned to his native city of Aberdeen in 1849 and established a business as a portrait miniaturist catering… …   Wikipedia

  • George Saliba — has been Professor of Arabic and Islamic Science at the Department of Middle East and Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University, New York, United States, since 1979.George Saliba received his B.S. (1963) in mathematics and a M.A. (1965)… …   Wikipedia

  • George Gower — George Gower, (born c. 1540 died London 1596) was an English portrait painter who became Serjeant Painter to Queen Elizabeth I in 1581.LifeLittle is known about his early life except that he was a grandson of Sir John Gower of Stettenham,… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»