- Airbus A330
subtemplate= Infobox Airbus airliners
name= Airbus A330
first flight= 2 November 1992
introduced= January 1994 with
Qatar AirwaysEmirates Cathay Pacific
number built=555 as of 31 July 2008 [cite web | url = http://www.airbus.com/odxml/orders_and_deliveries.xls | title = Airbus orders & deliveries | publisher = Airbus S.A.S ]
unit cost= A330-200:
US$176.3 to $185.5m (2008) [cite web | url = http://www.airbus.com/store/mm_repository/pdf/att00011726/media_object_file_ListPrices2008.pdf | title = Airbus Aircraft Range of 2008 List Prices | publisher = Airbus S.A.S retrieved 27 July 2008]
A330-300: $195.9 to $205.7m (2008)
A330-200F: $180.6 to $187.7m (2008)
variants with their own articles=
Airbus A340 Airbus A330 MRTT Northrop Grumman KC-45
AirbusA330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, twin-engine, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. It was developed at the same time as the four-engined Airbus A340.
Design and development
Airbus intended the A330 to compete directly in the
ETOPS(Extended-range Twin-engine Operation Performance Standards) market, specifically with the Boeing 767. The A330 was launched in 1987; airlines purchased it to replace the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. The A330 is 38% more fuel efficient than the DC-10. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/11/business/11air.html To Save Fuel, Airlines Find No Speck Too Small] , "New York Times", 11 June 2008]
fuselageand wings are virtually identical to those of the smaller A340 variants, although it has different engines. The A330 basic fuselage design is inherited from the Airbus A300, and the nose/cockpit section and the fly-by-wiresystem and flightdeck are inherited from the A320. Both the A330 and A340 are assembled on the same final assembly line at Toulouse-Blagnac, France.
By the end of July 2008, a total of 1,006 A330s [ [http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/08/15/314708/contrasting-fortunes-1000-up-for-a330-as-last-airline-delivery-for-a340-300-is.html 1,000 up for A330] Flight Global.com, 15/08/08] had been ordered and 555 delivered. The 1,000 milestone was passed with orders from the 2008
Farnborough Air Show.
There are two main variants of the A330. The A330-300 was launched in 1987 with introduction into service in 1993. The A330-200 was launched in 1995, introduced in 1998 with passenger, freighter and tanker (
Airbus A330 MRTT) variants available.
The A330-200 was developed to compete with the
Boeing767-300ER. The A330-200 is similar to the A340-200 or a shortened version of the A330-300. With poor sales of the A340-200 (of which only 28 were built), Airbus decided to use the fuselage of the A340-200 with the wings and engines of the A330-300. This significantly improved the economics of the plane and made the model more popular than the four-engined variant.
Its vertical fin is taller than that of the A330-300 to restore its effectiveness due to the shorter
moment armof the shorter fuselage. It has additional fuel capacity and, like the A330-300, has a Maximum Take-Off Weight(MTOW) of 233 tonnes. Typical range with 253 passengers in a three-class configuration is 12,500 km (6,750 nautical miles).
Power is provided by two General Electric CF6-80E,
Pratt & WhitneyPW4000 or Rolls-Royce Trent 700engines. All engines are ETOPS-180 min rated. First customer deliveries, to ILFC/ Canada 3000, were in April 1998.
The direct Boeing equivalent is currently the 767-300ER and in the future will be the 787-8. The A330-200 has sold strongly since its launchFact|date=August 2008.
Due to flagging A300-600F and A310F sales, Airbus first began marketing a freighter derivative of the A330-200 around 2000-2001, although it was not launched at this time. [" [http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/03/14/Navigation/177/205407/Airbus+aims+to+fill+freighter+void+with+A330+derivative.html Airbus aims to fill freighter void with A330 derivative] ." "
Flight International". 14 March 2006.] The A330-200F re-emerged at the 2006 Farnborough Airshowand received its industrial go-ahead in January 2007. Entry into service is planned for the second half of 2009.
The A330-200F is a mid-size, long-haul all-cargo aircraft capable of carrying 64 tonnes over 4,000 NM / 7,400 km, or 69 tonnes up to 3,200 NM / 5,930 km. It introduces a new versatile main-deck cargo loading system that will be able to accommodate both pallets and containers. Several different arrangements will be possible on the main deck, taking up to 23 Side-by-Side (SBS) pallets, aimed at the high volume, high value commodities or Single Row (SR) loading of 16 pallets (96”x 96”x125” SR pallets) and/or nine AMA containers aimed at the general cargo higher density markets.
To overcome the standard A330's nose-down body angle on the ground, the A330F will make use of a revised nose landing gear layout. The same leg will be used, however it will be attached lower in the fuselage, requiring a distinctive blister fairing on the nose to accommodate the retracted nose-gear.
Airbus has 66 firm orders from seven customers:
Aircastle15, Avion Aircraft Trading 8, Etihad Airways3, Flyington Freighters12, Guggenheim Aviation Partners 6, Intrepid Aviation Group 20 and MNG Airlines2. Additionally ACT Airlineshas signed an MOUfor 2. [" [http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/07_08_17_act_a330f.html ACT Airlines commits for two A330 freighters] ." " Airbus". 17 August 2006.] Deliveries will begin in late 2009. [ Flight International, 23-29 January 2007]
Airbus plans to assemble the A330-200F in the
USA, along with the proposed KC-45A, at a new assembly line at Brookley Fieldin Mobile, Alabama.
In an announcement on 9 September 2008, Airbus have released plans for a higher gross weight version of the Airbus A330-200 variant to more effectively compete with the Boeing 787. [" [http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2008/09/10/315816/airbus-to-offer-heavier-a330-against-delayed-787.html Airbus to offer heavier A330 against delayed 787] ." "Flight Global". 9 September 2008.]
The A330-300, which entered service in avyear|1993, was developed as replacement for the A300. It is based on a stretched A300-600 fuselage but with new wings, stabilisers and fly-by-wire systems.
The A330-300 carries 295 passengers in a three-class cabin layout (335 in 2 class and 440 in single class layout) over a range of 10,500 km (5,650 nautical miles). It has a large cargo capacity, comparable to early
Boeing 747s. Some airlines run overnight cargo-only flights after daytime passenger servicesFact|date=August 2008.
It is powered by two
General Electric CF6-80E, Pratt & Whitney PW4000or Rolls-Royce Trent 700 engines, all of which are ETOPS-180 min rated. French domestic airline Air Interwas the launch customer for the aircraft. US Airwayswas the launch customer in the United States with nine A330-300s.
The direct Boeing equivalents are the Boeing 777-200 and the Boeing 767-400ER.
Airbus A330 MRTT: The Multi-Role Transport and Tanker version (MRTT) of the A330-200 provides aerial refuelingand strategic transport. To date it has been selected by Australia, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and the UK.
Northrop Grumman KC-45: On 29 February 2008 the United States Air Forceannounced that an American assembled variant of the A330 MRTT, now designated KC-45A by the USAF, had been selected to replace the Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker. [" [http://www.pentagon.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=49134 Air Force Awards Tanker Contract to Northrop Grumman] ." "The Pentagon". 29 February 2008.] . The Air Force's fleet of KC-135 tankers has been in service since 1957, the last aircraft having been delivered in 1965. [" [http://www.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?fsID=110 "KC-135 Stratotanker"] , [http://www.af.mil "Air Force Link"] , March 2008.] However, due to mistakes in the tanker selection process, outgoing Air Force head Michael Wynne told media that he expected the selection process to be repeated. [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/ousiv/idUSN2047118120080620 Reuters: Air Force to seek new tanker bids: outgoing boss] ]
By the end of August 2008 a total of 1,003 aircraft of the A330 have been ordered (551 A330-200, 74 A330-200F and 378 A330-300) and 562 delivered (316 A330-200 and 246 A330-300).cite news|title=Airbus - Orders and Deliveries | publisher=
Airbus S.A.S.|date=31 August 2008|url=http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/orders_and_deliveries/]
Airbus A330 MRTT
Northrop Grumman KC-45
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
List of airliners
List of civil aircraft
List of Airbus A330 operators
Competition between Airbus and Boeing
* [http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a330a340/ Details on the Airbus A330/A340 family of aircraft]
* [http://www.planespotters.net/Production_List/Airbus/A330/index.html Airbus A330 production list]
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