National Polytechnic Institute

National Polytechnic Institute
National Polytechnic Institute
Instituto Politécnico Nacional
A cogwheel. On its right, the stylized form of a building. On its center, a scale in balance and a laboratory flask surrounded by a snake. On its top, the acronym "IPN".
Official Seal
Motto La Técnica al Servicio de la Patria[1]
Motto in English The Technique to the Service of the Fatherland
Established 1 January 1936[2]
Type Public
Dean Jesús Ávila Galinzoga[3]
Director Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez[4]
General Secretary Juan Manuel Cantú Vázquez[5]
Academic staff 16.474[6]
Students 153.027[6]
Undergraduates 92.589[6]
Postgraduates 5.937[6]
Other students 54.501 (High school)[6]
136.985 (Continuing and distance education)[6]
Location Mexico City,  Mexico
19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972Coordinates: 19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972
Campus Several across Mexico, mostly urban[7]
Colors Maroon and white          
Athletics Burros Blancos (White Donkeys)
Águilas Blancas (White Eagles)
ONEFA Central Conference[8][9]
Sports 27 varsity teams[10]
Nickname Burros Blancos
Mascot White donkey[11]
Affiliations AMECYD,[12] ANUIES,[13] AUIP,[14] CLARA,[15] COMEPO,[16] CUDI,[17] ECOES,[18] OUI,[19] UDUAL,[20] Universia[21]
Faculty, students and organization data is for 2009.[6] High school students account for the difference between its total number of students and the sum of undegraduate and postgraduate students.

The National Polytechnic Institute (in Spanish: Instituto Politécnico Nacional, IPN) colloquially known as the Polytechnic (el Politécnico) is one of the largest public universities in Mexico with 153.027 students[6] at the high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It was founded on 1 January 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río as a response to provide professional education to the most disadvantaged social classes in that historical period.[22]

The institute consists of 81 academic units offering 271 courses of study.[6] It includes 65 technical careers, 78 different undergraduate and 128 postgraduate programs.[6] Its main campus, called Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos or Zacatenco, is situated on approximately 530 acres (2.1 km2) north Mexico City.[7]

The IPN is based primarily in Mexico City and its suburbs, but with several research institutes and facilities distributed over 17 different states.[6]



Marquee at the main entrance of the Adolfo López Mateos campus

The Institute was founded on January 1, 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas in what had been previously known as the Ex hacienda Santo Tomás; a large estate initially owned by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the 16th century[22] and donated by the federal government.[23]

Prominent astronomer Luis Enrique Erro, former revolutionary Juan de Dios Bátiz Paredes and former minister of education Narciso Bassols were among its initial promoters.[23]

During the administration of former Director Alejo Peralta, were given to IPN sufficient lands. For this purpose, were expropriated lands of Santa Maria Ticomán (213 ha) and San Pedro Zacatenco (43 ha).[7]

In 1958 began the construction of what is now the Professional Unit "Adolfo López Mateos" (Zacatenco). In 1959, former President Adolfo López Mateos, the former minister of education Jaime Torres Bodet, and former director of IPN Eugenio Mendez Docurro, inaugurated the first four buildings of Zacatenco, which were occupied by the Superior School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (ESIME) and the Superior School of Engineering and Architecture (ESIA).[7]


Engineering building of the Interdisciplinary Professional Unit of Engineering and Socio-Administrative Sciences (UPIICSA)

The Institute is organized around 81 academic units[6] including 16 vocational high schools (operates as CECyT), 26 university colleges, 20 scientific and technical research centers, 12 continuing education centers, 2 support units for educational innovation, 2 development support units and business development and 3 Learning Support Units, located primarily in Mexico City, although several extension and research facilities are distributed over 17 different states.[6]

Some units (particularly the semi-autonomous, internationally renowned CINVESTAV) enjoy a high degree of academic and budgetary freedom. The Institute as a whole is headed by a Director-general appointed by the President of Mexico, usually (but not always) after some consultation with members of its academic community.[24] Since 2009 its Director-general is Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez.

In addition its academic endeavors, and as part of its cultural promotion strategy, the Institute operates Once TV México, the oldest public broadcast service in Latin America[25] featuring original cultural, scientific, and entertainment programming, foreign shows and classic, rare, and non-commercial films from all over the world.


One of the schools of the National Polytechnic Institute specializing in business studies.

The Institute offers 78 undergraduate programs[6] leading to four or five-years bachelor degrees and 128 postgraduate programs[6] leading to 26 postgraduate diplomas,[6] 70 master's degrees[6] and 32 doctorate degrees.[6]

Like most public universities in the country, in addition to its undergraduate and graduate schools the Institute sponsors several vocational high schools called Centros de Estudios Científicos y Tecnológicos, C.E.C. y T., most of which are located in Greater Mexico City. Upon completion, they lead to a technician degree. For this level of study, the institute offers 65 technical careers.[6]


The polytechnic fields a total 27 varsity teams in various sports or activities such as archery, american football, athletics, baseball, basketball, body building, bowling, boxing, chess, cycling, frontenis, gymnastics, handball, indoor soccer, judo, karate, kendo, mountaineering, rowing, soccer, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, touch football, volleyball, weightlifting and wrestling. [10]

The university maintains a fierce rivalry with all the athletic teams from the National Autonomous University of Mexico but have a particularly bitter competition with its football program, the "Pumas Dorados" (Golden Pumas).

Notable people

Notable alumni

See also Category:Instituto Politécnico Nacional alumni

Scientists and technologists


Notable faculty

See also Category:National Polytechnic Institute faculty

See also


  1. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Lema" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Compendio histórico 1930-1939" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  3. ^ Presidencia del Decanato (IPN). "Personal de la Presidencia del Decanato" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  4. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Página de la Directora General" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 15, 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Directorio de Servidores Públicos de Mando y Dirección" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved March 30, 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s National Polytechnic Institute. "Estadística Institucional 2009" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d Universia Mexico (March 20, 2009). "Conmemora IPN 50 aniversario de la unidad "Adolfo López Mateos"" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  8. ^ Vanguardia. "Se divide la ONEFA; Nacen la Conferencia del Centro y la Conferencia de los Seis Grandes" (in Spanish).;_nacen_la_conferencia_del_centro_y_la_conferencia_de_los_seis_grandes/118355. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Se divide la ONEFA, con la creación de la Conferencia del Centro" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Disciplinas" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  11. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Mascota" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. [dead link]
  12. ^ Asociación Mexicana de Educación Continua y a Distancia A.C. (AMECYD). "Instituciones Afiliadas" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  13. ^ Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Eduación Superior (ANUIES). "Instituciones Afiliadas, Distrito Federal" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  14. ^ Asociación Universitaria Iberoamericana de Postgrado (AUIP). "Asociadas a la AUIP" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  15. ^ Cooperación Latinoamericana de Redes Avanzadas (CLARA). "Miembros México" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  16. ^ Consejo Mexicano de Estudios de Posgrado A.C. (COMEPO). "COMEPO - Miembros Afiliados" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  17. ^ Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet A.C. (CUDI). "Membresía CUDI. Universidades, Centros e Instituciones de Investigación" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  18. ^ Espacio Común de Educación Superior (ECOES). "Instituciones Participantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  19. ^ Organización Universitaria Interamericana (OUI). "Miembros" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  20. ^ Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL). "Directorio de Instituciones Afiliadas a la UDUAL" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  21. ^ Universia Mexico. "Instituto Politécnico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Antecedentes del Centro Histórico y Cultural "Juan de Dios Bátiz"" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  23. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Historia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  24. ^ La Jornada. "Villa Rivera: nombrar director del IPN, facultad sólo del Presidente" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  25. ^ Canal Once. "Acerca de Canal Once" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2007. [dead link]

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