Elizabeth of Bohemia


Elizabeth of Bohemia

Infobox British Royalty|royal|consort
name = Elizabeth Stuart
title = Queen consort of Bohemia; Electress consort Palatine


caption = The widowed Elizabeth Stuart, 1642
reign = 14 February 1613 – 1623
4 November 16198 November 1620
reign-type =Consort in Palatine
Consort in Bohemia
spouse = Frederick V, Elector Palatine
issue = Frederick Henry von der Pfalz
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Elisabeth of Bohemia, Princess Palatine
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
Prince Maurice von Simmern
Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern
Sophia of Hanover
issue-link = #Children
issue-pipe = Among others...
royal house = House of Palatinate-Simmern
House of Stuart
father = James VI of Scotland, I of England
mother = Anne of Denmark
date of birth = 19 August 1596
place of birth = Falkland Palace, Fife
date of death = Death date and age|1662|2|13|1596|8|19|df=yes
place of death = England|

Elisabeth, Electress Palatine and Queen of Bohemia (born Princess Elizabeth Stuart of Scotland; 19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was the eldest daughter of James VI of Scots, I of England and Ireland and his Queen consort Anne of Denmark. She was thus sister to Charles I of England and Scotland and cousin to Frederick III of Denmark. With the demise of the Stuart dynasty in 1714, her direct descendants, the Hanoverian rulers, succeeded to the British throne.

Biography

At the time of Elizabeth's birth at Falkland Palace, Fife, her father was still the King of Scots only. She was named in honour of the Queen of England, in an attempt by her father to flatter the old queen, whose kingdom he hoped to inherit. When the younger Elizabeth was six years old, in 1603, Elizabeth I died and James succeeded to the thrones of England and Ireland, making his daughter a much more attractive bride.

Part of the intent of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was to put the nine year old Elizabeth onto the throne of England (and, presumably, Scotland) as a Catholic monarch, after assassinating her father and the Protestant English aristocracy. At the time of the plot she was staying at Coombe Abbey in Warwickshire, from where the conspirators planned to kidnap her.

On 14 February 1613, she married Frederick V, then Elector of the Palatinate, and took up her place in the court at Heidelberg. Frederick was the leader of the association of Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire known as the Evangelical Union, and Elizabeth was married to him in an effort to increase James's ties to these princes. In 1619, Frederick was offered and accepted the crown of Bohemia, but his rule was extremely brief, and thus Elizabeth became known as the "Winter Queen." She was also sometimes called "Queen of Hearts" because of her popularity.

Driven into exile, the couple took up residence in The Hague, and Frederick died in 1632. Elizabeth remained in Holland even after her son, Charles I Louis, regained his father's electorship in 1648. Following the Restoration of the English & Scottish monarchies, she travelled to London to visit her nephew, Charles II, and died while there. Her youngest daughter was known later as Sophia of Hanover; pursuant to the English Act of Settlement 1701, the Electress Sophia and her issue were made heirs to the English, Scottish and Irish thrones (later British throne), so that all monarchs of Great Britain from George I are descendants of Elizabeth.

Ancestors

Children

# Frederick Henry von der Pfalz (1614-1629) - (Drowned)
# Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine (1617-1680), married Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), had issue; Marie Luise von Degenfeld, had issue; Elisabeth Hollander von Bernau, had issue
# Elisabeth of Bohemia, Princess Palatine (1618-1680)
# Rupert, Duke of Cumberland (1619-1682), had two illegitimate children; a daugther married the brother of 1st Viscount Howe of Earl Howe lineage.
# Maurice (1620-1654) - (Drowned)
# Louise Hollandine (18 April 1622-11 February 1709)
# Ludwig (21 August 1624-24 December 1624)
# Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern (1625-1663), married Anna Gonzaga, had issue
# Henrietta Maria (7 July 1626-18 September 1651); married Prince Sigismund of Siebenbuergen on 16 June 1651
# Johann Philip Frederick (26 September 1627-15 December 1650); also reported to have been born on 15 September 1629
# Charlotte (19 December 1628-14 January 1631)
# Sophia, Electress of Hanover (14 October 1630-8 June 1714), married Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, had issue including King George I of Great Britain
# Gustavus Adolphus (14 January 1632-1641)

Legacy

Cape Elizabeth, a peninsula and today a town in the U.S. state of Maine was named in honor of Elizabeth. John Smith explored and mapped New England and gave names to places mainly based on the names used by Native Americans. When Smith presented his map to Charles I he suggested that the king should feel free to change the "barbarous names" for "English" ones. The king made many such changes, but only four survive today, one of which is Cape Elizabeth. [cite book |last= Stewart |first= George R. |authorlink= George R. Stewart |title= Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States |origyear= 1945 |edition= Sentry edition (3rd) |year= 1967 |publisher= Houghton Mifflin |page= p. 38]

Fiction

In WG Sebald's novel "Vertigo" (1990), a woman appears whom the narrator, travelling through Heidelberg by train in 1987, recognizes instantly "without a shadow of a doubt" as Elizabeth when she enters his carriage.

The Winter Queen also plays a seminal role in Neal Stephenson's the Baroque Cycle by giving birth to many children.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Baroque_Cycle

ee also

*Thirty Years' War

Bibliography

* Citation | last = Gorst-Williams | first = Jessica
title = Elizabeth, the Winter Queen | year = 1977 | isbn = 020072472X

* Citation | last = Ross | first = Josephine
title = The Winter Queen: The Story of Elizabeth Stuart | year = 1979
isbn = 0312882327
(alternative ISBN 0297776037)
* Citation | last = Oman | first = Carola
title = The Winter Queen: Elisabeth of Bohemia | year = 2000 | isbn = 1842120573

* Citation | first = Jane | last = Stevenson
title = The Winter Queen: A Novel | year = 2002
isbn = 0618149120
(alternative ISBN 0618382674)
*Citation | last = Yates | first = Frances | author-link = Frances_Yates
title = The Rosicrucian Enlightenment | publisher = Routledge and Kegan Paul
year = 1972 | place = London | isbn = 0710073801
, devotes its early chapters to describing her 1613 wedding and the reputation she and her husband had in Europe at the time.

References

External links

*NRA|P9131


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bohemia - получить на Академике актуальный промокод на скидку Shein или выгодно bohemia купить с дисконтом на распродаже в Shein

  • Elizabeth of Bohemia — (1618–1680) The daughter of Frederick the Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart, the daughter of James I of England. Elizabeth is known in philosophy through her extensive correspondence with Descartes . After an early… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Elizabeth — or Elisabeth is the Greek form Ελισ(σ)άβετ Elis(s)avet of the Hebrew Elisheva, meaning my God is an oath, my God is abundance, God s promise, or oath of God. For more information about the name, see Elizabeth (given name)aints (from whom other… …   Wikipedia

  • Bohemia — ( cs. Čechy; [There is no distinction in the Czech language between adjectives referring to Bohemia and to the Czech Republic; i.e. český means both Bohemian and Czech .] Audio de|Böhmen|Böhmen.ogg; la. Bohemia; pl. Czechy) is a historical region …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth City County, Virginia — Elizabeth City County was a county in southeastern Virginia from 1634 to 1952. Originally created in 1634 as Elizabeth River Shire, it was one of eight shires created in the Virginia Colony by order of the King of England. In 1636, it was… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth City Shire — was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia in 1634. The shire and the Elizabeth River were named for Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of King James I. During the 17th century, shortly after establishment of the Jamestown Settlement in… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart — may refer to: *Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of James I of England and VI of Scots *Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox, mother of Arabella Stuart *Princess Elizabeth of England, daughter of Charles I …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth of Pomerania — (1347 ndash; 15 April, 1393) was the fourth and final wife of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and king of Bohemia. Her parents were Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania and Elisabeth of Silesia, (died 1361). Her maternal grandparents were Casimir III,… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth the Cuman — was the Queen consort of Stephen V of Hungary.Daughter of KuthenShe was born c. 1239/40, a daughter of Kuthen, leader of the Kun (or Kuni) clan of Cumans and his Russian wife, Galicie of Halicz. The Cumans were the western tribes of the Kipchaks …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Stuart (disambiguation) — Elizabeth or Elisabeth Stuart may refer to:;Stuart dynasty (Great Britain) *Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox, daughter of Bess of Hardwick *Princess Elizabeth Stuart (1596 1662), known as the Winter Queen , daughter of James VI of Scotland/I… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth I (disambiguation) — Elizabeth I may refer to:* Queen Elizabeth I of England * Elizabeth I , TV series based on her life * Elisabeth I of Bohemia * Elizabeth I of Russia * Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who is the first Queen Elizabeth of Scotland * RMS Queen… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.