- Terence Rattigan
Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan (
June 10 1911– November 30 1977) was one of England's most popular 20th century dramatists. He was born in Londonof Irish extractionFact|date=May 2008, educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Oxford, and his plays are generally situated within an upper middle class background.
Life and career
Success as a playwright came early, with the comedy "French Without Tears" in 1936, set in a crammer. Rattigan's determination to write a more serious play produced "After the Dance" (1939), a satirical social drama about the "bright young things" and their failure to politically engage. The outbreak of the
Second World Warscuppered any chances of a long run. After the war Rattigan alternated between comedies and dramas, establishing himself as a major playwright: the most famous of which were " The Winslow Boy" (1946), " The Browning Version" (1948), "The Deep Blue Sea" (1952), and " Separate Tables" (1954).
Rattigan believed in understated emotions, and craftsmanship, which after the overnight success of
John Osborne's " Look Back in Anger" in 1956 was deemed old fashioned. Rattigan responded to his critical disfavour with some bitterness. Some churlish interviews served only to confirm the view that he had no sympathy or understanding of the modern world. His plays "Ross", " Man and Boy", "In Praise of Love", and "Cause Célèbre", however show no sign of any decline in his talent.
He was a gay, with numerous lovers but no long-term partnersFact|date=May 2008. It has been claimed that his work is essentially autobiographical, containing coded references to his sexuality, which he kept secret from all but his closest friends. There is some truth in this, but it risks being crudely reductive, for example the repeated claim that Rattigan originally wrote "The Deep Blue Sea" as a play about male lovers, turning into a heterosexual play at the last minute, is unfounded. His female characters are written as females and are in no sense 'men in drag'.
He was diagnosed as having
leukaemiain 1962 and recovered two years later, but fell ill again in 1968. He disliked the so-called Swinging Londonof the 1960s and moved abroad, living in Bermuda, where he lived off the proceeds from lucrative screenplays including " The V.I.P.s" and " The Yellow Rolls-Royce". For a time he was the highest-paid screenwriter in the world. He was knighted in the early seventies and moved back to Britain, where he experienced a minor revival in his reputation before his death. He died in Hamilton, Bermudafrom bone cancerin 1977 at the age of 66.
Fifteen years after his death, largely through a revival of "The Deep Blue Sea", at the
Almeida Theatre, London, directed by Karel Reisz, Rattigan has increasingly been seen as one of the century's finest playwrights, an expert choreographer of emotion, and an anatomist of human emotional pain. A string of successful revivals followed, including " Man and Boy" at the Duchess Theatre, London, in 2005, with David Suchetas Gregor Antonescu, and "In Praise of Love" at the Chichester Festival Theatreand " Separate Tables" at the Royal Exchange, Manchester, in 2006. His play on the last days of Nelson, " A Bequest to the Nation" was revived on Radio 4 for Trafalgar 200, starring Janet McTeeras Lady Hamilton, Kenneth Branaghas Nelson, and Amanda Rootas Lady Nelson.
*1934 "First Episode" (written with Philip Heimann)
*1936 "French Without Tears"
*1939 "After the Dance"
*1940 "Follow My Leader" (written with Anthony Maurice [aka, Tony Goldschmidt] )
*1940 "Grey Farm" (written with
*1942 "Flare Path"
*1943 "While the Sun Shines"
*1944 "Love in Idleness"
The Winslow Boy"
*1948 "Playbill" (comprising "Harlequinade" and "The Browning Version")
*1950 "A Tale of Two Cities" (from Dickens, co-adapted with
*1950 "Who is Sylvia?"
*1952 "The Deep Blue Sea"
*1953 "The Sleeping Prince"
*1954 "Separate Tables" (comprising "Table By the Window" and "Table No. 7")
*1958 "Variation on a Theme"
*1960 "Joie de Vivre" (written with
Robert Stolzand Paul Dehn)
*1963 "Man and Boy"
A Bequest to the Nation"
*1973 "In Praise of Love" (comprising "After Lydia" and "Before Dawn")
*1976 "Duologue" (stage adaptation of "All On Her Own", see below)
*1977 "Cause Célèbre"
*1951 "Final Test"
*1962 "Heart to Heart"
*1964 "Ninety Years On"
Nelson - A Portrait in Miniature"
*1968 "All On Her Own"
*1972 "High Summer"
Several of his later plays were adapted for film and/or television. The best-known are:
The Winslow Boy" (1948 and 1999)
The Browning Version" (film: 1951 and 1994; TV: 1955 and 1985)
*"The Deep Blue Sea" (1955)
Separate Tables" (1958)
Many of Rattigan's stage plays have been produced for radio by the BBC. The first play he wrote directly for radio was "Cause Célèbre", broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on
27 October 1975, based on the 1935 murder of Francis Rattenbury.
*Rattigan lived briefly at The Red House in the
Berkshirevillage of Sonningduring 1945–47 and there is a blue plaquerecording his stay there, visible from the road.
*He was a cousin of the Franciscan
* [http://www.bris.ac.uk/theatrecollection/search/people_sub_plays_all?forename=Terence&surname=RATTIGAN&job=Author&pid=367&x=16&y=13| Performances of Terence Rattigan's plays listed in University of Bristol Archive]
* [http://www.lubbockonline.com/news/072497/terence.htm Terence Rattigan]
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См. также в других словарях:
Terence Rattigan — Activités Dramaturge Scénariste Naissance 10 juin 1911 Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Terence Rattigan — Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan [ rætɪgan] CBE (* 10. Juni 1911 in London; † 30. November 1977 in Hamilton) war ein englischer Dramatiker und Drehbuchautor. Er schrieb Gesellschaftslustspiele und zeitnahe Problemstüc … Deutsch Wikipedia
Terence Rattigan — Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan, CBE (Londres, 10 de junio de 1911 30 de noviembre de 1977), dramaturgo británico. Biografía Inglés de origen irlandés, estudió en Harrow y en el Trinity College de Oxford; sus obras suelen suelen describir ambientes… … Wikipedia Español
Terence Rattigan — noun British playwright (1911 1977) • Syn: ↑Rattigan, ↑Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright * * * Terence Rattigan … Useful english dictionary
Terence Rattigan — ➡ Rattigan * * * … Universalium
Terence — oder Terrence ist ein männlicher Vorname aus dem anglophonen Sprachgebiet. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Terence 2.2 Terrence … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rattigan, Sir Terence — ▪ English playwright in full Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan born June 10, 1911, London, Eng. died Nov. 30, 1977, Hamilton, Bermuda English playwright, a master of the well made play. Educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Oxford,… … Universalium
Rattigan — noun British playwright (1911 1977) • Syn: ↑Terence Rattigan, ↑Sir Terence Mervyn Rattigan • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright * * * /rat i geuhn/, n. Terence, 1911 77, English playwright … Useful english dictionary
Rattigan — Rattigan, Terence … Enciclopedia Universal
Rattigan — [ rætɪgən], Sir (seit 1971) Terence Mervyn, englischer Dramatiker, * London 10. 6. 1911, ✝ Hamilton (Bermudainseln) 30. 11. 1977; schrieb bühnenwirksame, unterhaltende Stücke, die sich am Geschmack des breiten Publikums orientieren, aber… … Universal-Lexikon