- Kent Opera
Kent Opera was a British
operacompany in the period 1969-1989. Based in Ashford, Englandthe Company presented its productions in several centres mainly in the southern part of England. [Bent C. Kent Opera. In: "The New Grove Dictionary of Opera". London & New York, Macmillan, 1997.] These included The Orchard Theatre, Dartford, the Assembly Halls, Tunbridge Wells, Marlowe Theatre, Canterbury, Kings Theatre, Southsea, Theatre Royal Norwich, the Derngate, Northampton. Operas were performed in English usually with new translations of the libretto. The orchestra was at first the Midland Sinfonia, though after two years the company employed its own orchestra.
Kent Opera was England’s first regional opera company, founded in 1969 by Norman Platt, in response to a perceived need for first-class opera in England outside the main centres, in productions that were composer-centred. [Platt N. "Making Music." Ashford, Pemble Productions, 2001; and programmes of Kent Opera.]
By 1974 there were usually three operas in the repertory at any time, typically a Baroque opera, a Mozart opera and a 19th or 20th century work. Wherever possible the company aimed to revive productions with the same team and singers and improve on the original production. [Milnes R. Obituary for Norman Platt. "Opera", March 2004, p298.]
The company’s performances were broadcast on radio and television. The company was the subject of a series of programmes made by TVS entitled "Staging an Opera".
Channel 4broadcast the production of King Priam in 1986 in celebration of Michael Tippett’s 80th birthday.
Kent Opera did considerable work with children and in developing new audiences. This included commissioning children's operas from
Alan Ridout, Adrian Cruft, Judith Weir, Christopher Brown and Ruth Byrchmore. Summer concerts from 1971 were presented in venues around the south east of England
The company appeared at major British festivals: Edinburgh (1979), the City of London, Aldeburgh and Bath; as well as in Lisbon and Oporto (1971), Venice (1980), Schwetzingen (1976) and Singapore. It was the first British company to appear at the
Vienna Festivalin June 1986 at the Theater an der Wien. It presented The Coronation of Poppea at the Promsin 1975.
The founding Music Director of Kent Opera was
Roger Norrington(1969-1984). He was succeeded by Iván Fischer(1984-1989). Chorus masters during its existence were Jonathan Hinden, Timothy Dean and Mark Tatlow.
The company received critical acclaim for the clarity and imagination of its productions. [Bent C, op cit.]
Jonathan Millerdirected his first opera at Kent Opera in 1974 (Cosi Fan Tutte) and returned to direct six further operas. Other guest directors included Adrian Slack, Elijah Moshinsky, Nicholas Hytner(his first opera direction), Christopher Bruce, Adrian Noble, and Richard Jones (director).
The company performed a wide range of operas from the entire history of the genre:
The Coronation of Poppea" ( Monteverdi) (1969, 1974, 1986)
Atalanta" ( Handel) (1970)
The Marriage of Figaro" ( Mozart) (1970, 1981-82, 1984-86)
Dido and Aeneas" ( Purcell) (1971, 1986-87)
Venus and Adonis" ( Blow) (1972, 1976, 1980-81)
Don Giovanni" (Mozart) (1972, 1983, 1988)
HMS Pinafore" ( Sullivan) (1973)
* "The Patience of Socrates" (
Telemann) (1974, British première)
Cosi Fan Tutte" (Mozart) (1974, 1981)
Ruddigore" (Sullivan) (1975)
Rigoletto" ( Verdi) (1975)
The Magic Flute" (Mozart) (1976, 1980, 1987)
Orfeo" (Monteverdi) (1976, 1997)
Eugene Onegin" ( Tchaikovsky) (1977, 1981-82)
Iphigenia in Tauris" ( Gluck) (1977)
Die Entführung aus dem Serail" (Mozart) (1978, 1984)
The Return of Ulysses" (Monteverdi) (1978, 1989)
Idomeneo" (Mozart) (1979)
La Traviata" (Verdi) (1979-80, 1985-86)
The Turn of the Screw" ( Britten) (1979-80)
* "Il Ballo delle Ingrate" (Monteverdi) (1980-81)
Falstaff" (Verdi) (1980-81, 1983-84)
Il Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda" (Monteverdi) (1981)
* "Aggripina" (Handel) (1981, 1985)
The Beggar's Opera" (arr Britten) (1982-83)
Fidelio" ( Beethoven) (1982-83, 1988)
Robinson Crusoé" (Offenbach) (1983-84)
King Priam" ( Tippett) (1984-85)
The Barber of Seville" ( Rossini) (1985)
Pygmalion" ( Rameau) (1986-87)
Carmen" ( Bizet) (1986-87)
Il Re Pastore" (Mozart) (1987)
Le comte Ory" (Rossini) (1988)
Peter Grimes" (Britten) (1989)
The Burning Fiery Furnace" (Britten) (1989)
The Prodigal Son" (Britten) (1994)
* "The Masque in
Dioclesian" (Purcell) (1995)
In addition, the company gave world premières of the following operas: "The Pardoner's Tale" by
Alan Ridout(1971), "The Black Spider" by Judith Weir(1985) and " A Night at the Chinese Opera" by Judith Weir (1987). [Platt N, op cit; and programmes of Kent Opera.]
The effective closure of Kent Opera in 1989 due to the withdrawal of all funding from the Arts Council was a controversial decision which generated much protest. [Milnes R. Anatomy of a murder. "Opera", February 1990, p160-1.] In 1983 Kent Opera was the only opera company not to have its deficit written off. An Arts Council report in 1987 threatened to withdraw Kent Opera's grant from 1 April 1988 but this was successfully fought off, partly because the report contained much false information. [Platt N, op cit.] In 1988 the company made successful tours to Singapore and Valencia in Spain, and with its 20th anniversary approaching, received plaudits in the press. When another proposal to cut the company was put forward in December 1989, Robert Ponsonby resigned from the music panel, performances at Covent Garden were cancelled and commissions from Michael Berkeley and Peter Maxwell Davies stopped.
Three further small-scale productions were mounted between 1994 and 1997.
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