- Johnnie Lewis
name = Johnnie N. Lewis
office = Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Liberia
termstart = 2006
birthdate = 1946
birthplace = Greenville,
Sinoe County, Liberia
University of LiberiaL.A. Grimes School of Law Yale Law School
Johnnie N. Lewis (born 1946) is a Liberian attorney and jurist. A native of
Sinoe County, he is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Liberia, nominated and confirmed in 2006. Educated at the University of Liberiain Monroviaand at Yale Law Schoolin the United States, he previously served as a judge in Liberia’s circuit court system.
Johnny N. Lewis was born to Roderick N. Lewis and Mary Houston-Lewis in Greenville, Sinoe County, Liberia in 1946. [http://runningafrica.com/Feature-02182006Johnny_Lewis.html Cllr. Johnny Lewis For Chief Justice Of Liberia: New Gavel In A New Democracy - A Profile.] "Running Africa",
February 19 2006, The African Media Network.] His father was a lawyer while his mother was a school teacher in a family with four boys and two girls. He earned an education at St. Joseph's Catholic Elementary School followed by Sinoe High School.
For college he attended the
University of Liberiain Monrovia where he earned a bachelor of arts degree, followed by a bachelor of laws degree from the university’s Louis Arthur Grimes School of Law.The Inquirer. Liberia; Who is the New Chief Justice-Designate? "Africa News", February 21 2006.] Graduating in 1969, he earned cum laude honors from the law school. Lewis was admitted to the country’s bar association that year before moving to the United States to continue his legal education. He graduated from Yale Law Schoolin 1971 with a masters in law degree.
Lewis returned to Liberia where he was admitted to practice before the
Supreme Court of Liberiain 1971 and began teaching at his former law school. In 1975, he was appointed to the Third Judicial Circuit Court in his home county by Liberian President William R. Tolbert, Jr., replacing his deceased father. In 1980, the government was overthrown and he left the judiciary. Lewis returned to the Louis Arthur Grimes School of Law in 1984 and served as dean of the school until 1991. That year he also assisted with the transitional government as legal adviser to the president of the interim government.
In private practice in
Monrovia, Lewis was once a partner in the Lewis & Lewis Law Offices. While living in that city his home was invaded by gunmen search for him, and though he escaped, a nephew was killed for failing to tell these men his uncle’s whereabouts. Lewis then spent 1993 to 2003 outside of Liberia, working mainly with the United Nations. Employment with that agency led him to Bosniaand Somalia. He has also written two law textbooks, one on criminal law in Liberia and the other on wills and estates.
In 2006, the Liberian Bar Association recommended Lewis be nominated by Liberian President
Ellen Johnson-Sirleafto serve as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Liberia. President Johnson-Sirleaf then nominated him in February and he was confirmed by the Liberian Senate on March 2, 2006. Lewis was commissioned as the new Chief Justice on March 3. [The Analyst. “Liberia; Pres. Sirleaf Commissions Chief Justice, Associate”, "Africa News", March 3 2006.] Upon taking office, he vowed to fight corruption that had plagued the judicial branch in the country. [The NEWS. “Liberia; Transforming the Judiciary”, "Africa News", March 16 2006.]
The Lewis court
Chief Justice Lewis fired 34 judges in
Sinoe Countyin April 2006 after they failed to report to their assigned courts. [The Inquirer. “Liberia; PAP, MOPAR Take Issue With Chief Justice, Others”, "Africa News", May 19 2006.] In July 2006, the car Lewis was riding in to the funeral of former justice Emmanuel Wurehhit and killed a pedestrian who was jaywalking.The NEWS. “Liberia; Police Rescue Chief Justice From Mob”, "Africa News", July 13 2006.] The car was driven by a court employee and was speeding at the time of the accident in an attempt to catch up with the funeral procession. An angry mob surrounded the vehicle and Lewis and the other passengers had to be rescued by the Liberian National Police.
In a three to five decision with Lewis voting in the majority, the court declared the removal of House Speaker
Edwin Snoweby the National Legislature was illegal and ordered his reinstatement.The Analyst. “Liberia; President Delivers Address Without Key Gov't Officials”, "Africa News", January 30 2007.] [Borteh, George J. “Supreme Court Rules Against Majority Bloc”, "The Analyst Newspaper", January 30 2007.] The ruling in January 2007 also invalidated other actions of the legislature including a resolution to allow the Legislature to meet at the Unity Conference Center in Virginia while the Capitol Building in Monrovia was being remodeled. This decision created a rift between some members of the legislature, President Johnson-Sirleaf, and the Supreme Court. In August 2007, the court allowed a criminal prosecution for corruption against former leader Gyude Bryantto proceed in the lower courts. [http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/africa/news/article_1348020.php “Liberia's Supreme Court endorses ex-leader's trial”] , "Africa News", August 27 2007.]
In October 2007, the Chief Justice accused
newspapers in the country of deliberately misspelling his name and using pictures of him inappropriately.Media Foundation for West Africa. “Liberia: Chief justice threatens newspaper journalists”, BBC Monitoring World Media, October 24, 2007. British Broadcasting Corporation.] He threatened to jail the editors and writers if the practice continued for contempt of court. In January 2008, the court affirmed the national government's decision not to hold municipal elections due to budgetary constraints and allowed the President of Liberia to appoint mayors. [http://www.analystliberia.com/burkina_speaker_and_ellen_meet_jan15_08.html “Liberia Cannot Afford Local Polls”] , "The Analyst Newspaper", January 16 2008.] The court determined that once money was available, the government must hold the elections, which had not been held since 1985.
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