Staughton Lynd


Staughton Lynd

Staughton Lynd (born November 22, 1929) is an American conscientious objector, peace activist and civil rights activist, tax resister, historian, professor, author and lawyer. His involvement in social justice causes has brought him into contact with some of the nation's most influential activists, including Howard Zinn, Tom Hayden and Daniel Berrigan.Zinn (1999), p. 486.]

Early life

Lynd was one of two children born to the renowned sociologists Robert Staughton Lynd and Helen Lynd, who authored the groundbreaking "Middletown" studies of Muncie, Indiana, in the late 1920s and '30s. Staughton Lynd inherited not only his father's gifts as a scholar, but also his strong socialist beliefs. Although Lynd never embraced undemocratic forms of socialism, his ideological outlook led to his expulsion from a non-combatant position in the U.S. military during the McCarthy Era.

He went on to earn a doctorate in history at Columbia University and accepted a teaching position at Spelman College, in Georgia, where he became acquainted with historian and civil rights activist Howard Zinn. During the summer of 1964, Lynd served as director of the SNCC-organized Freedom Schools of Mississippi. After accepting a position at Yale University, Lynd relocated to New England, along with his wife, Alice, and their three children.

Vietnam-era activism

It was during his tenure at Yale that Lynd became an outspoken opponent of the Vietnam War.Zinn (1999), p. 486.] His protest activities included speaking engagements, protest marches, and a controversial visit to Hanoi, which cost him his teaching position at Yale. As the protest movement became increasingly violent, Lynd began to have doubts about the values and practices of the New Left. As a self-described "social democratic pacifist", he became more interested in the possibilities of local organizing.

Labor activism

In the late 1960s, Lynd relocated his family to Chicago. There, he struggled to make a living from community organizing. Meanwhile, he and his wife, Alice, embarked upon an oral history project dealing with the working class. The conclusions of this work, titled "Rank and File", inspired Lynd to study law in order to assist workers victimized by companies and left unprotected by declining labor unions. In 1973, he enrolled at the University of Chicago law school, where he earned a degree in 1976.

Rust Belt activism

From there, the Lynds relocated to Youngstown, Ohio, in the heart of the Rust Belt. He proved to be a vital participant in the late 1970s struggle to keep the Youngstown steel mills open. Despite the ultimate failure of those efforts, the Lynds have continued organizing in the Youngstown-Warren area.Fuechtmann (1989), p. 7.] Staughton Lynd has remained extremely active as an attorney, taking on a broad range of cases, including those concerning disabled and retired workers. Lynd's newest book, "Lucasville", is an investigation into the events surrounding the 1993 prison uprising at Southern Ohio Correctional Facility, and voices serious concern over the integrity of legal proceedings subsequent to the event.

Lynd still maintains an active Ohio law license.

Notes

References

* Thomas G. Fuechtmann, "Steeples and Stacks: Religion and Steel Crisis in Youngstown" (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
* "Scene Magazine", Cleveland, Ohio, May 23, 2002.
* [http://www.sconet.state.oh.us/atty_reg/Public_AttorneyDetails.asp?ID=0013512 Supreme Court of Ohio Record]
* Zinn, Howard (1999). "A People's History of the United States, 1492 - Present". New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Related Links

* [http://speccoll.library.kent.edu/labor/lynd.html Staughton Lynd Collection]
* [http://www.highbeam.com/library/docfree.asp?DOCID=1G1:14777912&ctrlInfo=Round19%3AMode19b%3ADocG%3AResult&ao= Staughton Lynd Interview]
* [http://www.pbs.org/fmc/interviews/lynd.htm PBS Interview]
* [http://www.monthlyreview.org/200lynd.htm "Monthly Review" Article]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Staughton Lynd — (né le 22 novembre 1929), objecteur de conscience, est un historien, auteur et avocat américain. Pacifiste et opposant à la Guerre du Viêt Nam, il se lia notamment avec Howard Zinn, Tom Hayden et Daniel Berrigan. Il obtint son doctorat d histoire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Staughton Lynd — (1892 1970) was an American sociologist born in New Albany, Indiana. He was a professor of sociology at Columbia University, New York City.Robert and Helen Lynd are best known for writing the groundbreaking Middletown studies of Muncie, Indiana… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Staughton Lynd — (* 26. September 1892 in New Albany, Indiana; † 1. November 1970 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe und Professor an der Columbia University, New York. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Rezeption …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lynd — can refer to:People* Helen Lynd, sociologist * Robert Staughton Lynd, sociologist * Robert Wilson Lynd, writer * Staughton Lynd, activist * Sylvia Lynd, poet * Lee Lynd, ethanol researcherPlaces* The city of Lynd, Minnesota * Lynd Township,… …   Wikipedia

  • Staughton — is a human name, possibly referring to:*Staughton Lynd, American political activist *William Staughton (died 1829), Baptist cleryman …   Wikipedia

  • Lynd — Der Begriff Lynd bezeichnet: eine Stadt in Minnesota, siehe Lynd (Minnesota) – ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Helen Lynd (1896–1982), US amerikanische Soziologin Robert Staughton Lynd (1892–1970), US amerikanischer Soziologe Robert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lynd, Robert; and Lynd, Helen — ▪ American sociologists in full  Robert Staughton Lynd  and  original name  Helen Merrell   Respectively,   born September 26, 1892, New Albany, Indiana, U.S. died November 1, 1970, Warren, Connecticut born March 17, 1894, La Grange, Illinois,… …   Universalium

  • Lynd,Robert Staughton — Lynd (lĭnd), Robert Staughton. 1892 1970. American sociologist. With his wife, Helen Merrell Lynd (1896 1982), he wrote the pioneering sociological study Middletown: A Study in Contemporary American Culture (1929). * * * …   Universalium

  • Lynd —   [lɪnd], Robert Staughton, amerikanischer Soziologe, * New Albany (Indiana) 26. 9. 1892, ✝ Warren (Conneticut) 1. 11. 1970; war 1931 60 Professor in New York (Columbia University); mit seiner Frau Helen Mitbegründer der Gemeindesoziologie;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lynd, Robert (Staughton) y Lynd, Helen — orig. Helen Merrell (26 sep. 1892, New Albany, Ind., EE.UU.–1 nov. 1970, Warren, Conn.) (17 mar. 1894, La Grange, Ill., EE.UU.–30 ene. 1982, Warren, Ohio). Sociólogos estadounidenses. Durante varias décadas Robert Lynd fue docente en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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