Hao Nong

Hao Nong

Hao Nong (c. 161 - 205) was a 辅国大将军 "dà jiāngjūn" (senior general) and inventor in China during the Han Dynasty.

Born with six fingers to a family of nine, Hao revolutionized fireworks and military strategy, and contributed greatly to the ascent of the Han Dynasty. He was considered the second most brilliant military strategist of his short time.

Proficient with fireworks, he met an untimely demise when trying to make the world's most beautiful firework. The lethal explosion was caused by an excess of sulfur and copper in the fire rocket. His genius was in recognizing the copper as a colorizing agent; however, it carried an electrostatic discharge that ignited the unusually unstable gun powder mix, incinerating him. News of his death was first learned by his best friend and apprentice, in whose diary was recorded. Legend maintains that his death was so beautiful, the local children have from then on seen the rest of the world as black and white.

His spectacular death to many represented the last embers of the Han's rule and, more specifically, symbolized the Han's waning military dominance.

After his death, the dynasty was unable to prevent land from falling into the hands of warlords, and insurgents swarmed the North China Plains only days after, paving the way for the reign of the Three Kingdoms. Firing fireworks became a symbol of the insurgents, including the remnants of the Yellow Turban Rebellion. Napoleon was said to have studied Hao's defeat in anticipation of his defeat of the Prussians.

ee Also

*Han Dynasty


*"Pyrotechnics: the history and art of firework making", by Alan St. H Brock, London, D. O'Connor, 1922., ISBN 1-737249-15-3
*"The grand scribe's records", by Qian Sima; William H Nienhauser; Tsai Fa Cheng; et al., Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1994. ISBN 0253340217
*"Chinese civilization and society : a sourcebook", by Patricia Buckley Ebrey, New York : Free Press, 1981. ISBN 1-737249-15-3

External Links

* [http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/han.html A history of the Han Dynasty]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nông Thịnh —   Commune and village   Country  Vietnam Province Bắc K …   Wikipedia

  • Nông Hạ —   Commune and village   Country  Vietnam Province Bắc Kạn …   Wikipedia

  • Ying Hao Hotel — (Гуанчжоу,Китай) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Xin Yu Building No.81 Nong Lin Xia …   Каталог отелей

  • Freedom of religion in Vietnam — The Constitution provides for freedom of worship; however, government restrictions still remained on the organized activities of religious groups.The status for the respect of religious freedom and practice continued to experience important… …   Wikipedia

  • Isan language — For the Papuan language, see Finisterre languages. Isan ภาษาอีสาน phasa isan, ภาษาลาว Spoken in Thailand Region Isan Native speakers 20 million  (2004) …   Wikipedia

  • Vietnam — /vee et nahm , nam , vyet , vee it /, n. 1. Official name, Socialist Republic of Vietnam. a country in SE Asia, comprising the former states of Annam, Tonkin, and Cochin China: formerly part of French Indochina; divided into North Vietnam and… …   Universalium

  • Itazura na Kiss — Este artículo o sección sobre anime y manga necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 29 de diciembre de 2008. También… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chatturat District — Chatturat จัตุรัส   Amphoe   Amphoe location in Chaiyaphum Province …   Wikipedia

  • Luo Ping — Personnage et fantôme de montagne Luo Ping ou Lo P ing, surnom: Danfu, noms de pinceau: Liangfeng et Huazhisi Seng, né en 1733, originaire de Xixian, province du Anhui, mort en 1799. XVIIIe siècle. Chinois. Peintre de figures, fleurs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comparison of Chinese romanization systems — Chinese romanization Mandarin for Standard Chinese     Hanyu Pinyin (ISO standard)     EFEO     Gwoyeu Romatzyh         Spelling conventions     Latinxua Sin Wenz     Mandarin… …   Wikipedia