Sinicization


Sinicization

Sinicization, Sinicisation or Sinification, (in Mandarin: 中国化 "Zhōngguóhuà") is the linguistic assimilation or cultural assimilation of terms and concepts into the language and culture of China. In linguistics, the term is used narrowly to refer to transliteration, and in this regard "Sinicization" is parallel to Romanization.

In more general contexts, Sinicization refers to the process of "becoming Chinese" or "not Chinese" (desinicization). The term has been used in social science primarily to describe the assimilation of non-Han Chinese peoples (such as the Manchus) into the Chinese identity. It is simply a term for Chinese assimilation.

Taiwan and China

In the politics of Taiwan, both terms are used to refer to an increase or decrease in cultural and economic ties with China. Both terms have been used more commonly after 2001. Since the 1990s, there has been general consensus in Taiwan in favor of the status quo, though there is some debate about what that is. There is also general consensus that the Taiwanization is favourable. That is, emphasizing Taiwanese culture and language.

Also, the argument in Taiwan between supporters of Chinese unification/annexation by China) and supporters of Taiwan Name Rectification Campaign is considered a matter of sinicization. Supporters of name rectification are generally wary of increasing cultural and economic links (such as the Three Links) with China. They feel it is part of a strategy by the People's Republic of China to "sinicize" Taiwan, thus making reunification inevitable.

A modern meaning is the process by which other peoples like the Koreans, Japanese, and the Vietnamese are strongly influenced by Chinese culture and working practices.

ee also

*Transliteration into Chinese characters
*List of Chinese exonyms for places in Russia
*List of Chinese exonyms for places in Japan


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sinicization — See Sinicize. * * * …   Universalium

  • sinicization — noun a) the act of sinicizing b) Enabling a computer to work with Chinese characters. Syn: sinification …   Wiktionary

  • sinicization — sin·i·ci·za·tion …   English syllables

  • sinicization — ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ sə̇ˈzāshən, ˌsīˈz noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : the act or process of sinicizing : the state of being sinicized …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sinicization of Tibet — The sinicization of Tibet is the alleged change of Tibetan society to Han Chinese standards, by means of cultural assimilation, migration, and political reform. Sinicization on the one hand is an inevitable consequence of the presence of a large… …   Wikipedia

  • Sinicize — Sinicization /sin euh seuh zay sheuhn/, n. /sin euh suyz /, v.t., Sinicized, Sinicizing. to make Chinese in character or bring under Chinese influence. Also, esp. Brit., Sinicise. [1885 90; Sinic (see SINICISM) + IZE] * * * …   Universalium

  • Northern Wei — For Northern Wei of Three Kingdoms Period, see Cao Wei. Northern Wei 北魏 ↓ 386–535 …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei — ((北)魏孝文帝) (467–499), personal name né Tuoba Hong (拓拔宏), later Yuan Hong (元宏), was an emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.Emperor Xiaowen implemented a drastic policy of sinicization, intending to centralize the government and make …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.