Nonnus


Nonnus
For other people named Nonnus, see Nonnus (disambiguation)

Nonnus of Panopolis (Greek Νόννος), was a Greek epic poet. He was a native of Panopolis (Akhmim) in the Egyptian Thebaid, and probably lived at the end of the 4th or early 5th century. He is known as the composer of the Dionysiaca, an epic tale of the god Dionysus, and the Metabole, a paraphrase of the Gospel of John.

A mosaic of Dionysus from Antioch.

Contents

Life

There is almost no evidence for the life of Nonnus. It is known that he was a native of Panopolis (Akhmim) in Upper Egypt, by his naming in manuscripts.[1] Scholars have generally dated him from the end of the 4th to the early part of the 5th century CE. He must have lived after a poem of Claudian's which he appears to be familiar with (after 394-397CE) but before Agathias Scholasticus' reference to him as a "recent author." (before 530-580CE)[2] He is known chiefly for his 48-book poem the Dionysiaca, the longest surviving poem in Greek from antiquity (it is only 7,000 lines shorter than the Iliad and Odyssey combined). A poetic paraphrase of the Gospel of John, the Metabole is attributed to him as well, which is thought by certain verbal echoes to have been composed after the Dionysiaca.[3] At least two other works by Nonnus are lost. Only four lines of the Bassarica (also on the subject of Dionysus) have been preserved in a commentary by Stephanus of Byzantium, and according to an epigram in the Palatine Anthology (9.198), Nonnus was the author of a work titled the Battle of the Giants.

The Dionysiaca

Nonnus' principal work is the Dionysiaca, an epic in 48 books, the longest surviving poem from antiquity at 20,426 lines, composed in Homeric dialect and dactylic hexameters, the main subject of which is the life of Dionysus, his expedition to India, and his triumphant return to the west. The poem is thought to have been written in the early 5th century.

The Metabole kata Ioannou

Also surviving is his paraphrase of the Gospel of John, which is chiefly interesting as an indication of Nonnus' apparent conversion to Christianity in his later years. The style is not inferior to that of his epic. A team of Italian scholars are currently producing a full commentary of the poem, book by book, of which several parts have already been published. They have shown that Nonnus was as learned in Christian theology as in pagan myth. That a learned Christian poem and a synthesis of Greek myths could come from the same pen continues to intrigue. The suggestion that he wrote the Christian poem late in life, after conversion to Christianity, is less attractive than a recognition of the symbiosis between pagan and Christian culture in the late antique world.

Notes

  1. ^ Also in epigram 9.198 of the Palatine Anthology
  2. ^ Fornaro, S. s.v. Nonnus in Brill's New Pauly vol. 9 (ed. Canick & Schneider) (Leiden, 2006) col.812-815. Agathias mentions Nonnus at Historiae 4.23.5
  3. ^ Vian, F. Nonnos de Panopolis: Les Dionaques (Paris, 1976) pp.xvi-xviii

Bibliography

  • Editio Princeps (1569)
  • Hermann August Theodor Köchly (Teubner series, with critical introduction and full index of names, 1858)

On the metre,

  • J. G. Hermann, Orphica (1805), p. 690
  • Arthur Ludwich, Beiträge zur Kritik des Nonnus (1873), critical, grammatical and metrical
  • C. Lehrs, Quaestiones epicae (1837), pp. 255–302, chiefly on metrical questions.

On the sources, see

  • R. Kohler, Über die Dionysiaka des Nonnus (1853), a short and connected analysis of the poem, with a comparison of the earlier and later myths
  • I. Negrisoli, Studio critico ... Nonnus Panopolita, with short bibliography (1903).

The paraphrase on St John (editio princeps, c. 1505) is edited by F. Passow (1834) and A. Scheindler (1881), with complete index.

  • Konstantinos Spanoudakis, "Icarius Jesus Christ? Dionysiac Passion and Biblical Narrative in Nonnus' Icarius Episode (Dion. 47, 1-264)," Wiener Studien, 120 (2007), 35-92.
  • Mary Whitby, "The Bible Hellenized: Nonnus' Paraphrase of St. John's Gospel and 'Eudocia's Homeric Centos," in J.H.D. Scourfield (ed), Texts and Culture in Late Antiquity: Inheritance, Authority, and Change (Swansea, The Classical Press of Wales, 2007), 195-232
  • David Hernandez de la Fuente, "Nonnus' Paraphrase of the Gospel of John: Pagan Models for Christian Literature," in Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala (ed.), Eastern Crossroads: Essays on Medieval Christian Legacy (Piscataway: Gorgias Press LLC, 2007) (Gorgias Eastern Christian Studies, 1), 169-190.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nonnus — • Egyptian poet (c. 400) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nonnus     Nonnus     † Catholic …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nonnus — Nonnus, griech. Dichter aus Panopolis in Ägypten, im 4. oder zu Anfang des 5. Jahrh. n. Chr., verfaßte »Dionysiaka«, hg. von Köchly (1858), und eine Umschreibung (»Metabolē«) des Johannesevangeliums in Versen, hg. von Passow (1834) und Graf… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nonnus — Nonnus, byzantin. Dichter aus Aegypten im 5. Jahrh. n. Chr., schrieb das Gedicht »Dionysiaca« (Ausgabe von Gräfe, Leipzig 1819–26) u. eine Paraphrase des johanneischen Evangeliums (Ausgabe von Passow, Leipzig 1834) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • NONNUS — I. NONNUS Abbas de Narrationibus Graecorum exstat Scodriaci, in bibliotheca Regis Hispaniarum; ut apud Possevin. legas, in Append. Apparatûs S. p. 22. II. NONNUS Edessenus Episcopus, Niceph. l. 24. c. 30. Martyrologium Romanum 2. Decembris:… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Nonnus — ▪ Greek poet flourished 5th century AD, b. Panopolis, Egypt       the most notable Greek epic poet of the Roman period.       His chief work is the Dionysiaca, a hexameter poem in 48 books; its main subject, submerged in a chaos of by episodes,… …   Universalium

  • Nonnus — Nonnos Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Nonnos ou Nonnus (en grec ancien Νόννος, dérivé de νέννος / nennos « l oncle ») est un nom grec porté, entre autres, par : Nonnos de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nonnus, S. (1) — 1S. Nonnus (16. März), ein Martyrer zu Nicomedia. S. S. Castorius1. (II. 420.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nonnus, S. (2) — 2S. Nonnus (Nominus), (21. März), ein Martyrer zu Alexandria. S. S. Serapion. (III. 259.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nonnus, S. (3) — 3S. Nonnus (28. Mai), ein Martyrer in Pamphylien. S. S. Zetulus. (VI. 89.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nonnus, S. (4) — 4S. Nonnus (17. Juli), ein sonst unbekannter Martyrer. (IV. 228.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon


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