- Juticalpa, Olancho
official_name = Juticalpa
imagesize = 200px
image_caption = Overlooking Barrio El Centro from La Cruz
leader_name = Ramón Daniel Sarmiento
established_title = Founded (as
San Juan de Juticalpa)
unit_pref = Metric
population_urban = 33260
timezone = Central Standard Time
timezone_DST = Central Daylight Time
latd = 14.6663°
longd = -86.2186°
Juticalpa is the capital of
Olancho Departmentin Honduras. Situated in a broad river valley alongside the Rio Juticalpa, the town is the commercial center for much of Olancho's ranching and agricultural economy.
The Juticalpa area encompases the
Guayape river valley, bordered by the Sierra de Agalta mountain range. Among the most notable of the small villagesin the area is El Esquilinchuche, and Arimis. The nearest large town in Catacamas30 miles to the east.
The climate is significantly warmer than
Tegucigalpaor nearby Campamentobecause of the elevation. Large thunderstorms occur May through September. October, November and December are cooler and often cloudy with drizzle. From January through April, the region receives very little rain. In April, Olanchanos burn their fields all across the department, creating a thick blanket of smoke that settles over Juticalpa for almost a month. The air improves after the first rain. During the rainy season, the incidence of Dengue Fever is quite high due to the many mud puddles that become breeding grounds for the voracious mosquitoes.
The town is divided into nine major neighborhoods or barrios: Barrio el Centro, Barrio de Jesus, Barrio La Hoya, Barrio el Portillo, Barrio el Campo, Campo Uno, Campo Dos, Barrio el Chicle and Barrio de la Cruz. The town lies on a gradual slope on the southwestern side of the river. There are many smaller communities in the surrounding area. Juticalpa's sister city,
Catacamas, is located at the easternmost terminus of the paved Olancho highway, known as the "Carreterra de Olancho". Regular buses run between the two cities.
The "Avenida de las Poetas" connects Barrio El Centro to the Carretera de
Olancho, and receives Honduran intercity bus traffic. Two bus companies, "Discovery" and "Aurora", send regular buses to Tegucigalpa.
Remnants of pre-Columbian civilizations can be found occasionally in Barrio Belen.
Juticalpa's economy is primarily agricultural.
Olancho's wide, fertile river valleys support maize, cattle and dairy farms. "Cuajada", a hard, salty cheese, is produced in great quantity at several dairies and exported throughout the country. Because of its proximity to successful farms and its position on the only paved highway in Olancho, Juticalpa's economy has led to relative prosperity.
Despite its strong agricultural base, unemployment in Juticalpa is high. To support themselves, many citizens of Juticalpa run small "pulperias" where they sell household items and food stores to neighbors.
Juticalpa contains a number of small businesses, many restaurants (ranging from taco stands to dine-in establishments with air conditioning), a hospital donated by the Japanese government, medical clinics, a movie theater called "Cine Maya", and a number of public and private schools. The local economy has grown by leaps and bounds over the past fifteen years. Construction began in February
2005for a new mall actually opened. Recent road paving projects have disrupted the usual traffic pattern in Barrio el Centro and Barrio de Jesus. Most of the town's streets remain unpaved. The area does not draw many tourists unless they are headed into the Sierra de Agalta National Park or to visit the Cuevas de Talgua, limestone caves containing the calcified remains of some ancient inhabitants of the area. There are several hotels, banks, gas stations, bakeries, and a lot of other places.
In other parts of
Honduras, Juticalpa is most famous for the production of an alcoholic palm tree wine known as coyol wine. Residents knock down palm trees in the middle of the dry season (March and April) and fill plastic soda bottles with the beverage. The easiest place to find the drink is in the colonia of La Concepcion, a few kilometers west of Juticalpa on the highway to Tegucigalpa.
People from Juticalpa
Mel Zelaya, President of Honduras, 2006Fact|date=February 2007
Porfirio "Pepe" Lobo, Presidential candidate, member of the PNH Fact|date=February 2007
Jovany Varela "Anaconda", 1995 Judo World Champion, [http://www.jovany.com Official Web Site] www.jovany.com Mixed Martials Fighter
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Juticalpa — Municipio de Honduras … Wikipedia Español
Olancho — Lage von Olancho in Honduras Daten Hauptstadt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Olancho — (spr. ántscho), Departement im S. der mittelamerikan. Republik Honduras, 28,000 qkm groß, umfaßt das Becken des Rio Guayape (des obern Patuca), ist bergig (im Cerro del Chile 2000 m) und reich an Waldungen sowie an Gold, Silber, Kupfer, doch… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Olancho — es un departamento de Honduras. * * * ► Departamento del E de Honduras, fronterizo con Nicaragua (SE); 24 351 km2 y 283 852 h. Cap., Juticalpa … Enciclopedia Universal
Olancho — Departamento de Olancho Departamento de Honduras Ubicación de Olancho en Honduras … Wikipedia Español
Olancho Department — Olancho is one of the 18 departments into which the Central American nation of Honduras is divided. It is the largest of all the departments, and Hondurans frequently point out that the department is larger than the neighboring Republic of El… … Wikipedia
Olancho — Département d Olancho Département d Olancho (Departamento de Olancho) Administration Pays Honduras Type Département Chef lieu Juticalpa … Wikipédia en Français
Juticalpa — ► C. del E de Honduras, cap. del departamento de Olancho; 19 622 h … Enciclopedia Universal
La Unión (Olancho) — La Unión Municipio de Honduras … Wikipedia Español
Bistum Juticalpa — Basisdaten Staat Honduras Metropolitanbistum Erzbistum Tegucigalpa … Deutsch Wikipedia