- Armenian Highland
The Armenian Highland (Russian "Armyanskoye Nagorye"; also known as the Armenian Upland or Armenian Plateau, also referred as
eastern Armenia) is a plateauof Transcaucasia, connecting the Lesser Caucasuswith the Taurus Mountains.
Its total area is about 400,000 km². [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9009517/Armenian-Highland "Armenian Highland." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia] ] At an average elevation of 1500 to 2000 metres, its highest point is
Mount Ararat, 5,165 metres (16,945 ft). It is a mixture of lava plateaus, volcanic cones, and fault-fold ranges featuring mountain steppes and semi-deserts. There are a number of lakes in tectonicdepressions ( Lake Sevan, Lake Van, Lake Urmia).
Most of the Armenian Highland is in
Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region(Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi), and also includes northwestern Iran, all of Armenia, southern Georgia and western Azerbaijan.Its eastern parts are also known as the Transcaucasian highland ("Zakavkazkoye nagorye"). [Clifford Embleton, Geomorphology of Europe (1984), p. 393.]
The Armenian Plateau has been called the "epicenter of the
Iron Age", since it appears to be the location of the first appearance of Iron Age metallurgyin the late 2nd millennium BC. [S. K. Dikšit. Introduction to Archaeology, Moscow, 1960.] It is also traditionally believed to be one of the possible locations of the Garden of Eden. [Mesopotamian Trade. Noah's Flood: The Garden of Eden, W. Willcocks, H. Rassam pp. 459-460]
apricot, a native to China, spread to Europe through the Armenia Highlands. It came to be known throughout the ancient world as the Armenian fruit, and its botanical name "Prunus armeniaca", derives from the Latinvernacular for apricot, "Armeniacum".
In the 1980s, the ministry of education in
Turkeyordered that names that could be conceived as reminiscent of pre-Turkic peoples of Anatolia like "Armenian highland" ( Armenians) and " Pontic range" ( Pontic Greeks) be effaced in atlases in Turkish schools. The official term of the plateau in Turkish usage is "Eastern Anatolian Highland".
Kingdom of Armenia
Greater Armenia (political concept)
*Lesser Armenia (Cilicia)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Armenian Highland — ▪ region, Asia Russian Armyanskoye Nagorye, also spelled Arm anskoje Nagor e, mountainous region of Transcaucasia. It lies mainly in Turkey, occupies all of Armenia, and includes southern Georgia, western Azerbaijan, and northwestern… … Universalium
Armenian Highland — noun A plateau in Transcaucasia, connecting the Lesser Caucasus with the Taurus Mountains. Total area: about 400,000 km². Average elevation: 1500 to 2000 metres, highest point: Mount Ararat. The area lies mostly in eastern Turkey; also includes… … Wiktionary
Armenian Genocide reparations — Armenian Genocide Background Armenians in the Ottoman Empire … Wikipedia
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia — This article is about the Kingdom of Cilicia under Armenian rule. For a list of other Armenian Kingdoms, see Kingdom of Armenia (disambiguation). Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Կիլիկիոյ Հայկական Թագաւորութիւն ← … Wikipedia
Armenian diaspora — Map of the Armenian diaspora. The Armenian diaspora (Armenian: Հայկական սփյուռք Haykakan spyurk ) refers to the Armenian communities outside the Republic of Armenia and self proclaimed de facto independent Nagorno Karabakh Republic. The Armenian… … Wikipedia
Armenian Genocide — Armenian civilians are marched to a nearby prison i … Wikipedia
Armenian Apostolic Church — One Holy Universal Apostolic Orthodox Armenian Church Official standard of the Catholicos of All Armenians of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Founder The Apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus … Wikipedia
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic — Армянская Советская Социалистическая Республика Հայկական Սովետական Սոցիալիստական Հանրապետություն … Wikipedia
Armenian cuisine — Contents 1 Appetizers 2 Salads 3 Byorek 4 Grilled meats … Wikipedia
Armenian dram — For earlier Armenian currency is for dumptrucks, see Armenian ruble. Armenian dram Հայկական Դրամ (Armenian) … Wikipedia