- History of ideas
The history of ideas is a field of
researchin historythat deals with the expression, preservation, and change of human ideas over time. The history of ideas is a sister-discipline to, or a particular approach within, intellectual history. Work in the history of ideas may involve interdisciplinary research in the history of philosophy, the history of science, or the history of literature. In Sweden, the history of ideas has been a distinct university subject since the 1930s, when Johan Nordström, a scholar of literature, was appointed professor of the new discipline at Uppsala University. Today, several universities across the world provide courses in this field, usually as part of a graduate program.
The Lovejoy approach
Arthur O. Lovejoy(1873–1962) coined the phrase "history of ideas" and initiated its systematic studyArthur Lovejoy: "The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea" (1936), ISBN 0-674-36153-9] in the early decades of the twentieth century. For decades Lovejoy presided over the regular meetings of the "History of Ideas Club" at Johns Hopkins University, where he worked as a professor of history from 1910 to 1939. [Arthur Lovejoy, "Essays in the History of Ideas," ISBN 0-313-20504-3]
Aside from his students and colleagues engaged in related projects (such as
René Wellekand Leo Spitzer, with whom Lovejoy engaged in extended debates), scholars such as Isaiah Berlin, [Isaiah Berlin, "Against the Current: Essays in the History of Ideas", ISBN 0-691-09026-2] Michel Foucault, Christopher Hill, J. G. A. Pocockand others have continued to work in a spirit close to that with which Lovejoy pursued the history of ideas. The first chapter/lecture of Lovejoy's book " The Great Chain of Being" lays out a general overview of what he intended to be the program and scope of the study of the history of ideas.
Lovejoy's history of ideas takes as its basic unit of analysis the unit-idea, or the individual concept. These unit-ideas work as the building-blocks of the history of ideas: though they are relatively unchanged in themselves over the course of time, unit-ideas recombine in new patterns and gain expression in new forms in different historical eras. As Lovejoy saw it, the historian of ideas had the task of identifying such unit-ideas and of describing their historical emergence and recession in new forms and combinations.
Quentin Skinnerhas been influential with his critique of Lovejoy's "unit-idea" methodology. Instead, he proposes a sensitivity to the cultural context of the texts being analysed and the ideas they contained.
Great Chain of Being
Historiography, other approaches to history.
Idea, and compare sociology of knowledge, the History of Consciousness, conceptual historyand intellectual history.
Mark Bevir, author of "The Logic of the History of Ideas" (ISBN 0-521-64034-2)
*James Burke and "
The Day the Universe Changed"
Marjorie Hope Nicolson, A. O. Lovejoy student and colleague (1894-1979)
*Peter Watson, author of "Ideas: A history of thought and invention, from fire to Freud" (2005), ISBN 978-0060935641
* [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/DicHist/dict.html "Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas"] . Ed. Philip P. Wiener. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973-74. (Online edition from the
University of Virginialibrary's Electronic Text Center.) Studies of selected pivotal ideas. This book also appeared in Chinese- and Japanese-language editions.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Journal of the History of Ideas — Специализация: Интеллектуальная история Периодичность: ежеквартально Сокращённое название: JHI Язык: Английский Издатель: University of Pennsylvania Press … Википедия
Dictionary of the History of Ideas — Das Dictionary of the History of Ideas (DHI; dt. etwa Wörterbuch der Begriffs bzw. Ideengeschichte) wurde von 1973 bis 1974 durch Philip P. Wiener herausgegeben und von Charles Scribner s Sons, New York verlegt (ein zur Gale Group gehörender… … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Dictionary of the History of Ideas — Das Dictionary of the History of Ideas (DHI; dt. etwa Wörterbuch der Begriffs bzw. Ideengeschichte) wurde von 1973 bis 1974 durch Philip P. Wiener herausgegeben und von Charles Scribner s Sons, New York verlegt (ein zur Gale Group gehörender… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Magnificence (History of ideas) — Magnificence redirects here. For Magnificence in court festivals see Catherine de Medici s court festivals. For the play by Howard Brenton see Magnificence (play). The word magnificence comes from the Latin “magnum facere”, which means to do… … Wikipedia
Journal of the History of Ideas — Das Journal of the History of Ideas (JHI) ist eine Fachzeitschrift zur Ideengeschichte und erscheint seit 1940 vierteljährlich. Der Verlag ist die University of Pennsylvania Press in Philadelphia. Die jetzigen Herausgeber sind Warren Breckman,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
History of science — History of science … Wikipedia
History of evolutionary thought — This article is about the history of evolutionary thought in biology. For the history of evolutionary thought in the social sciences, see Sociocultural evolution. For the history of religious discussions, see History of the creation evolution… … Wikipedia
History of anarchism — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism … Wikipedia
History of logic — Philosophy ( … Wikipedia
History of Europe — Europe depicted by Antwerp cartographer Abraham Ortelius in 1595 History of Europe describes the history of humans inhabiting the European continent since it was first populated in prehistoric times to present, with the first human settlement… … Wikipedia