1931 in music


1931 in music

Events

*Roy Rogers' musical career begins
*Mary Garden retires from the Chicago Opera
*Alberto Rabagliati's singing career begins

Published popular music

* "Adios" w. Eddie Wood m. Enric Madriguera
* "All of Me" w.m. Seymour Simons & Gerald Marks
* "As Time Goes By" w.m. Herman Hupfeld
* "At Your Command" w.m. Harry Barris, Bing Crosby & Harry Tobias
* "Black Jazz" m. Gene Gifford
* "Blah, Blah, Blah" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin. Introduced by El Brendel in the film "Delicious"
* "Blues In My Heart" w. Irving Mills m. Benny Carter
* "Brighter Than The Sun" w. Anona Winn m. Ray Noble
* "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" w. E. Y. Harburg m. Jay Gorney
* "By The River Sainte Marie" w. Edgar Leslie m. Harry Warren
* "Call Me Darling, Call Me Sweetheart, Call Me Dear" w. (Eng) Dorothy Dick w.m. Bert Reisfeld, Mart Fryberg & Rolf Marbet
* "Close Your Eyes" D. Carter - H. M. Tennent
* "Come to Me" w. B. G. De Sylva & Lew Brown m. Ray Henderson
* "Concentratin' On You" w. Andy Razaf m. Fats Waller
* "Crosby, Columbo And Vallee" w. Al Dubin m. Joe Burke
* "Cuban Love Song" w.m. Dorothy Fields, Jimmy McHugh & Herbert Stothart
* "Dancing In The Dark" w. Howard Dietz m. Arthur Schwartz
*"Delishious" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin
* "Doin' What I Please" Waller, Razaf
* "Down Sunnyside Lane" Jimmy Campbell, Reg Connelly
* "Dream a Little Dream of Me" w. Gus Kahn m. Fabian Andre & Wilbur Schwandt
* "An Evening In Caroline" w.m. Walter Donaldson
* "A Faded Summer Love" w.m. Phil Baxter
* "Goodnight, Sweetheart" w.m. Ray Noble, James Campbell & Reg Connelly
* "Got A Date With An Angel" w. Clifford Grey & Sonny Miller m. Jack Waller & Joseph Tunbridge
* "Got the Bench, Got the Park" w.m. Al Sherman, Al Lewis & Fred Phillips
* "Green Eyes" w. (Eng) E. Rivera & Eddie Woods (Sp) Adolfo Utrero m. Nilo Menendez
* "Guilty" w. Gus Kahn m. Richard A. Whiting & Harry Akst
* "Hang Out The Stars In Indiana" w. Billy Moll m. Harry Woods
* "He Played His Ukulele As The Ship Went Down" w.m. Arthur LeClerq
* "Heartaches" w. John Clenner m. Al Hoffman
* "Hello, My Lover, Goodbye" w. Edward Heyman m. John Green. Introduced by Frances Langford in the musical "Here Goes the Bride"
* "Help Yourself to Happiness" w.m. Mack Gordon, Harry Revel and Harry Richman. Introduced by Harry Richman in the revue Ziegfeld Follies of 1931
* "Hold My Hand" w. Douglas Furber m. Noel Gay
* "Home" w.m. Peter Van Steeden, Harry Clarkson & Geoff Clarkson
* "Hoops" w. Howard Dietz m. Arthur Schwartz
* "I Apologize" w.m. Al Hoffman, Al Goodhart & Ed Nelson
* "I Don't Know Why" w. Roy Turk m. Fred E. Ahlert
* "I Found A Million Dollar Baby (In A Five And Ten Cent Store)" w. Billy Rose & Mort Dixon m. Harry Warren
* "I Heard" w.m. Don Redman
* "I Love Louisa" w. Howard Dietz m. Arthur Schwartz
* "I Surrender, Dear" w. Gordon Clifford m. Harry Barris
* "If You Should Ever Need Me" w. Al Dubin m. Joe Burke
* "I'll Be Good Because Of You" w.m. Ray Noble & Alan Murray
* "I'm All Dressed Up With A Broken Heart" Fisher, Unger, Stern
* "I'm Crazy 'Bout My Baby" w. Alex Hill m. Fats Waller
* "I'm Gonna Get You" w.m. Gus Arnheim, Harry Tobias & Jules Lemare
* "I'm Good For Nothing But Love" Ballard, Maltin
* "I'm Through With Love" w. Gus Kahn m. Matty Malneck & Fud Livingston
* "It's The Darndest Thing" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jimmy McHugh
* "It's The Girl" w. Dave Oppenheim m. Abel Baer
* "It's You!" Razaf, Waller
* "I've Got Five Dollars" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
* "Jazz Nocturne" m. Dana Suesse
* "Just One More Chance" w. Sam Coslow m. Arthur Johnston
* "Kicking The Gong Around" w. Ted Koehler m. Harold Arlen
* "A Lady Must Live" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Jeanne Aubert in the musical "America's Sweetheart"
* "Lady Of Spain" w.m. Robert Hargreaves, Tolchard Evans, Stanley J. Damerell & Henry J. Tilsley
* "Lies" w. George E. Springer m. Harry Barris
* "Life Is Just A Bowl Of Cherries" w. B. G. De Sylva & Lew Brown m. Ray Henderson
* "Little Girl" w.m. Madeline Hyde & Francis Henry
* "Love Is Sweeping The Country" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin
* "Love Letters In The Sand" w. Nick Kenny & Charles Kenny m. J. Fred Coots
* "Lullaby Of The Leaves" w. Joe Young m. Bernice Petkere
* "Mad Dogs And Englishmen" w.m. Noel Coward
* "Makin' Faces At The Man In The Moon" w.m. Max Rich, Kate Smith, Al Hoffman & Ned Washington
* "Mama Inez" w. (Eng) L. Wolfe Gilbert m. Eliseo Grenet
* "Maria, My Own" w. (Eng) L. Wolfe Gilbert m. Ernesto Lacuona
* "Marta" w. (Eng) L. Wolfe Gilbert m. Moises Simons
* "Mausie" w. (Eng) Harry Graham m. Paul Abraham
* "Me!" w.m. Irving Berlin
* "Moonlight Saving Time" w.m. Irving Kahal & Harry Richman
* "My Canary Has Circles Under His Eyes" Koehler, Pola, Golden
* "My Song" w. Lew Brown m. Ray Henderson
* "Nevertheless" w. Bert Kalmar m. Harry Ruby
* "Now's The Time To Fall In Love" w.m. Al Sherman & Al Lewis
* "Of Thee I Sing" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin
* "Oh, Monah" w.m. Ted Weems & Joe "Country" Washburn
* "One More Time" w.m. B. G. DeSylva, Lew Brown, and Ray Henderson.
* "Ooh That Kiss" w. Mort Dixon & Joe Young m. Harry Warren
* "Out Of Nowhere" w. Edward Heyman m. John Green
* "Paradise" w. Nacio Herb Brown & Gordon Clifford m. Nacio Herb Brown
* "Penthouse Serenade (When We're Alone)" w.m. Will Jason & Val Burton
* "Pied Piper Of Hamelin" w.m. Noel Gay
* "Poor Pierrot" w. Otto Harbach m. Jerome Kern
* "Popeye The Sailor Man" w.m. Sammy Lerner
* "Prisoner Of Love" w. Leo Robin m. Russ Columbo & Clarence Gaskill
* "River, Stay 'Way From My Door" w. Mort Dixon m. Harry Woods
* "Roll On, Mississippi, Roll On" w.m. James McCaffrey, Eugene West & Dave Ringle
* "Running Between The Raindrops" w. James Dyrenforth m. Carroll Gibbons
* "Sally" w.m. William Haines, Harry Leon & Leo Towers
* "Shadrack" w.m. Robert MacGimsey
* "She Didn't Say Yes" w. Otto Harbach m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Bettina Hall in the musical "The Cat and the Fiddle".
* "Smile, Darn Ya, Smile" w. Charles O'Flynn & Jack Meskill m. Max Rich
* "Somebody from Somewhere" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin. Introduced by Janet Gaynor in the film "Delicious"
* "Sweet And Lovely" w.m. Gus Arnheim, Harry Tobias & Jules Lemare
* "Thanks To You" w. Grant Clarke m. Pete Wendling
* "That Silver Haired Daddy Of Mine" w.m. Jimmy Long & Gene Autry
* "That's My Desire" w. Carroll Loveday m. Helmy Kresa
* "This Is The Missus" w.m. Lew Brown & Ray Henderson
* "The Thrill Is Gone" w.m. Lew Brown & Ray Henderson
* "Till The Real Thing Comes Along" w.m. Mann Holiner, Alberta Nichols, Sammy Cahn, Saul Chaplin & L. E. Freeman
* "Twentieth Century Blues" w.m. Noel Coward
* "Under The Bridges Of Paris" w. (Fr) Jean Rodor, (Eng) Dorcas Cochran m. Vincent Scotto
* "Underneath The Arches" w.m. Reg Connelly & Bud Flanagan
* "Wabash Moon" w.m. Dave Dreyer & Morton Downey
* "Was I?" w. Charles Farrell m. Chick Endor from the revue "Ziegfeld Follies Of 1931"
* "Was That The Human Thing To Do?" w. Joe Young m. Sammy Fain
* "We'll Be The Same" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
* "Were You Sincere" w. Jack Meskill m. Vincent Rose
* "When I Take My Sugar To Tea" w.m. Sammy Fain, Irving Kahal & Pierre Norman Connor
* "When It's Sleepy Time Down South" w.m. Leon Rene, Otis Rene & Clarence Muse
* "When The Bloom Is On The Sage" w.m. Nat Vincent & Fred Howard Wright
* "When The Moon Comes Over The Mountain" w.m. Howard Johnson, Harry Woods & Kate Smith
* "When Your Lover Has Gone" w.m. E. A. Swan
* "When Yuba Plays The Rhumba On The Tuba" w.m. Herman Hupfeld
* "Where The Blue Of The Night" w.m. Roy Turk, Bing Crosby & Fred E. Ahlert
* "Who Cares?" w.Ira Gershwin m.George Gershwin. Introduced by William Gaxton and Lois Moran in the musical "Of Thee I Sing"
* "Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams" w. Ted Koehler & Billy Moll m. Harry Barris
* "Yes, Yes, My Baby Said Yes, Yes" Cliff Friend, Con Conrad. Introduced by Eddie Cantor in the film "Palmy Days"
* "You Are My Heart's Delight" w. Harry Graham m. Franz Lehár Music 1923
* "You Call It Madness (But I Call It Love)" w.m. Con Conrad, Gladys Du Bois, Russ Columbo & Paul Gregory
* "You Can't Stop Me From Loving You" w. Mann Holiner m.Alberta Nichols
* "You Forgot Your Gloves" w. Edward Eliscu m. Ned Lehac. Introduced by Constance Carpenter and Carl Randall in the revue "The Third Little Show"
* "You Rascal You" w.m. Sam Theard
* "You Try Somebody Else" w. B. G. De Sylva & Lew Brown m. Ray Henderson
* "You're Blasé" w. Bruce Sievier m. Ord Hamilton
* "You're My Decline And Fall" George Posford
* "You're My Everything" w. Mort Dixon & Joe Young m. Harry Warren
* "Yours" (orig. "Quiéreme Mucho") w. (Eng) Jack Sherr (Sp) Augustin Rodriguez m. Gonzalo Roig

Biggest hit songs

The following songs achieved the highest [http://tsort.info/music/yr1931.htm chart positions] in the limited set of charts available for 1931.

Top hits on record

*"Any Little Fish" by Noel Coward
*"As Time Goes By" by Rudy Vallee
*"Between The Devil And The Deep Blue Sea" by Cab Calloway
*"Beyond The Blue Horizon" by Jack Hylton
*"Blue Again" by Ambrose
*"Dream A Little Dream Of Me", recorded by
**Wayne King, The Waltz King
**Ozzie Nelson
*"Goodnight Sweetheart", recorded by:
**Al Bowlly
**Guy Lombardo & His Royal Canadians
*"The Harp That Once Thro' Tara's Halls" by John McCormack
*"High Water" by Paul Robeson
*"I Don't Know Why - I Just Do" by Layton and Johnstone
*"I Found A Million Dollar Baby (In a 5 and 10 Cent Store)" by The Boswell Sisters
*"Just One More Chance" by Bing Crosby and Victor Young
*"The Kiss Waltz" by Gracie Fields
*"Lady, Play Your Mandolin" by Nick Lucas
*"Lazy River" by Louis Armstrong
*"Life Is Just A Bowl Of Cherries", recorded by
**Hutch
**Rudy Vallee
*"Linda" by Carroll Gibbons
*"Memories Of You" by Duke Ellington
*"Moanin' Low" by Sophie Tucker
*"Mood Indigo" by Duke Ellington & His Jungle Band
*"My Ideal" by Maurice Chevalier
*"Nevertheless" by Ruth Etting
*"Out Of Nowhere" by Bing Crosby
*"The Peanut Vendor (El Manicero)" by Don Azpiazu
*"Please Don't Talk About Me When I'm Gone" by Gene Austin
*"River Stay 'Way From My Door" by Paul Robeson
*"Rockin' Chair" by Paul Robeson
*"Sally" by Gracie Fields
*"Star Dust" by Bing Crosby
*"Sweet And Lovely" by Al Bowlly with Savoy Orpheans; Howard Jacobs and Carroll Gibbons
*"Time On My Hands" by Al Bowlly with The New Mayfair Dance Orchestra
*"Walkin' My Baby Back Home" by Maurice Chevalier
*"When I Take My Sugar To Tea" by Boswell Sisters and the Dorsey Brothers
*"When the Moon Comes Over the Mountain" by Kate Smith
*"When Yuba Plays the Rumba On the Tuba" by Rudy Vallee & His Connecticut Yankees
*"Would You Like To Take A Walk" by Annette Hanshaw including Benny Goodman and Eddie Lang
*"Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams" by Bing Crosby
*"You Call It Madness (But I Call It Love)" by Russ Columbo

Top blues recordings

*"Uncle Ned, Don't Use Your Head" - Lonnie Johnson
*"Southern Can is Mine" - Blind Willie McTell
*"Broke Down Engine Blues" - Blind Willie McTell
*"Georgia Rag" - Blind Willie McTell

Classical music

*Joseph Achron - Quartet for Cello, Trumpet, Horn, and Piano, "Golem"
*Benjamin Britten - "String Quartet in D"
*Ruth Crawford-Seeger - String Quartet
*Samuel Feinberg - "Piano Concerto no. 1"
*Reinhold Glière - "Comedians" (ballet)
*Camargo Guarnieri - Cello Sonata No. 1
*Igor Markevitch - Serenade for Three Instruments
*Paul Paray - Mass for the 500th Anniversary of the Death of Joan of Arc
*Sergei Prokofiev - Piano Concerto No. 4, for left hand, written for Paul Wittgenstein.
*Maurice Ravel - Piano Concerto for Left Hand", written for Paul Wittgenstein.
*Dmitri Shostakovich - "Symphony No. 3 in E flat major, "First of May""
*Igor Stravinsky - "Violin Concerto in D"
*Edgard Varèse - "Ionisation" (1929-31)
*William Walton - "Belshazzar's Feast" (oratorio)

Opera

*George Antheil - "Helen Retires" (not performed until 1934)
*Arthur Benjamin - "The Devil Take Her"
*Gustave Charpentier - "Orphée"
*Paul Dessau - "Das Eisenbahnspiel"
*Walter Goehr - "Malpopita"
*Gabriel von Wayditch - "Horus"
*Eugène Ysaÿe - "Peter the Miner"

Musical theater

* "America's Sweetheart" Broadway production opened at the Broadhurst Theatre on February 10 and ran for 135 performances.
* "The Band Wagon" Broadway production opened at the New Amsterdam Theatre on June 3 and ran for 260 performances
* "Bitter Sweet" (Noel Coward) - London revival
* "The Cat and the Fiddle" Broadway production opened at the Globe Theatre on October 15 and ran for 395 performances
* "Cavalcade" (Noel Coward) - London production opened at the Drury Lane Theatre on October 13 and ran for 405 performances
* "Die Dubarry" Berlin production opened on August 14
* "Folly To Be Wise" London revue opened at the Piccadilly Theatre on January 8. Starring Cicely Courtneidge.
* "Here Goes the Bride" Broadway production opened at Chanin's 46th Street Theatre on November 3 and ran for 7 performances.
* "Hold My Hand" (Music: Noel Gay Lyrics: Desmond Carter Book: Stanley Lupino) London production opened at the Gaiety Theatre on December 23. Starring Jessie Matthews, Sonnie Hale and Stanley Lupino.
* "The Land of Smiles" (Franz Lehár) - London production opened at the Drury Lane Theatre on May 8
* "The Laugh Parade" Broadway revue opened at the Imperial Theatre on November 2 and ran for 231 performances
* "The Third Little Show" Broadway production opened at the Music Box Theatre on June 1 and ran for 136 performances
* "Victoria and Her Hussar" London production opened at the Palace Theatre on September 17 and ran for 100 performances
* "White Horse Inn" London production opened at the Coliseum Theatre on April 8 and ran for 651 performances
* "Ziegfeld Follies of 1931" Broadway revue opened at the Ziegfeld Theatre on July 1 and ran for 165 performances.

Musical films

* "Children of Dreams" starring Margaret Schilling, Paul Gregory and Tom Patricola
* "The Cuban Love Song" starring Lawrence Tibbett, Lupe Velez, Jimmy Durante and Louise Fazenda
* "Delicious" starring Janet Gaynor, Charles Farrell and El Brendl.
* "Her Majesty, Love" starring Marilyn Miller
* "The Hot Heiress" starring Ben Lyon and Ona Munson
* "Kiss Me Again" starring Bernice Claire and Edward Everett Horton
* "Palmy Days" starring Eddie Cantor and Charlotte Greenwood
* "Pardon Us" starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy. Directed by James Parrott.
* "The Prodigal" starring Lawrence Tibbett
* "Sally in our Alley" starring Gracie Fields
* "Showgirl's Luck" starring Susan Denis, Arthur Tauchert, Arthur Clarke and Fred Bluett
* "The Smiling Lieutenant" starring Maurice Chevalier, Claudette Colbert and Miriam Hopkins
* "Sunshine Susie" starring Renate Müller and Jack Hulbert

Births

*January 5 - Alfred Brendel, pianist
*January 8 - Bill Graham, rock music entrepreneur (died 1991)
*January 12 - Roland Alphonso, saxophonist (died 1998)
*January 21 - Rudi Maugeri (The Crew Cuts)
*January 22 - Sam Cooke, singer (died 1964)
*February 14 - Phyllis McGuire, vocalist (The McGuire Sisters)
*March 15 - D. J. Fontana, drummer
*April 29 - Lonnie Donegan, skiffle musician (died 2002)
*May 4 - Ed Cassidy, drummer (Spirit)
*May 14 - Alvin Lucier, composer
*May 7 - Teresa Brewer, singer (died 2007)
*July 6 - Della Reese, actress and singer
*July 11 - Tab Hunter, actor and singer
*July 18 - Papa Dee Allen (War) (died 1988)
*July 31 - Morey Carr (The Playmates)
*August 28:
** John Perkins (The Crewcuts)
** John Shirley-Quirk, operatic bass-baritone
*September 19 - Brook Benton, singer and songwriter (died 1988)
*September 22 - George Chambers (The Chambers Brothers)
*September 24 - Anthony Newley, English songwriter, actor and singer (died 1999)
*October 24 - Sofia Gubaidulina, composer
*November 5 - Ike Turner, musician and record producer (died 2007)
*December 24:
** Ray Bryant, jazz pianist
** Mauricio Kagel, composer
*December 27 - Scotty Moore, guitarist
*December 30 - Skeeter Davis, country singer (died 2004)

Deaths

*January 21 - Felix Blumenfeld, pianist, conductor and composer (born 1863)
*January 23 - Anna Pavlova, ballerina (born 1881)
*February 16 - Dirk Schäfer, pianist and composer (born 1873)
*February 23 - Dame Nellie Melba, operatic soprano (born 1861)
*April 4 - George Whitefield Chadwick, compsoer
*May 8 - Bertha Lewis, singer and actress with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company (born 1887) (car accident)
*May 12 - Eugène Ysaÿe, violinist and composer (born 1858)
*May 13 - Josif Marinković, composer (born 1851)
*June 18 - Fanny Holland, singer and actress (born 1847)
*June 21 - Jimmy Blythe, jazz pianist (born 1901)
*July 4 - Buddy Petit, jazz cornet player (born c. 1890)
*August 6 - Bix Beiderbecke, jazz musician (born 1903)
*August 11 - Linda Loredo, dancer (born 1907)
*August 26 - Heinrich Grünfeld, cellist (born 1855)
*August 28 - Jane Green singer (born 1897)
*September 3 - Franz Schalk, conductor (born 1863)
*September 20 - Ugo Falena, opera librettist (born 1875)
*September 23 - Harry Macdonough, pioneer recording artist (born 1871)
*October 3 - Carl Nielsen, composer (born 1865)
*October 8 - Luigi von Kunits, violinist, conductor and composer (born 1870)
*October 18 - Thomas Edison, inventor of the phonograph (born 1847)
*October 20 - Emánuel Moór, pianist, composer and inventor of the Duplex-Coupler Grand Pianoforte (born 1863)
*October 21 - Barbecue Bob, blues musician (born 1902)
*October 29 - Luciano Gallet, composer (born 1893)
*November 3 - Buddy Bolden, jazz musician (born 1877)
*November 19 - Frederic Cliffe, composer (born 1857)
*November 23 - Leonora Braham, operatic soprano and actress (Gilbert & Sullivan)
*December 2 - Vincent d'Indy, composer (born 1851)
*"date unknown"
**Mario Ancona, "bel canto" baritone (born 1860)
**Georgi Atanasov, composer (born 1882)
**Tomasz Bartkiewcz, organist and composer (born 1865)
**Alfonso Rendano, pianist, inventor of the "third pedal" (born 1853)
**Joseph Tabrar, songwriter (born 1857)


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