- Guillaume Budé
region = Western Philosophers
color = #B0C4DE
image_caption = Guglielmus Budaeus
name = Guillaume Budé
birth = birth date|1467|01|26
death = death date and age|1540|08|23|1467|01|26 Paris, France
Guillaume Budé( _la. Guglielmus Budaeus) ( January 26 1467– August 23, 1540) was a French scholar.
Budé was born in
Paris. He went to the University of Orléansto study law, but for several years, being possessed of ample means, he led an idle and dissipated life. When about twenty-four years of age he was seized with a sudden passion for study, and made rapid progress, particularly in the Latin and Greek languages.
The work which gained him greatest reputation was his "De Asse et Partibus" (1514), a treatise on ancient coins and measures. He was held in high esteem by Francis I, who was persuaded by him, and by
Jean du Bellay, bishop of Narbonne, to found the Collegium Trilingue, afterwards the Collège de France, and the library at Fontainebleau, which was removed to Paris and was the origin of the Bibliothèque Nationale. He also induced Francis to refrain from prohibiting printing in France, which had been advised by the Sorbonne in 1533.
Budé died in Paris on August 23, 1540. His request that he should be buried at night, and his widow's pen profession of
Protestantismat Geneva(where she retired after his death), caused him to be suspected of leanings towards Calvinism. Sections of his correspondence with Erasmus also suggest this religious inclination.
At the time of the
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, the members of his family were obliged to flee from France. Some took refuge in Switzerland, where they worthily upheld the traditions of their house, while others settled in Pomeraniaunder the name Budde or Buddeus.
Budé was also the author of "Annotationes in XXIV. libros Pandectarum" (1508), which, by the application of
philologyand history, had a great influence on the study of Roman law, and of "Commentarii linguae Graecae" (1529), an extensive collection of lexicographical notes, which contributed greatly to the study of Greek literaturein France.
Guillaume Budé corresponded with the most learned men of his time, amongst them
Erasmus, who called him the "marvel of France", and Thomas More. He wrote with equal facility in Greek and Latin, although his Latin is inferior to his Greek, being somewhat harsh and full of Greek constructions.
Loys Leroy(or Regius), , "Vita G. Budaei" (1540)
D Rebitté, "G. Budé, restaurateur 4es études grecques en France" (1846)
E. de Budé, "Vie de G. Budé" (1884), who refutes the idea of his ancestor's Protestant views
D'Hozier, "La Maison de Budé"
L. Delaruelle, "Études sur l'humanisme français" (1907)
*D. McNeil, "Guillaume Budé and Humanism in the Reign of Francis I" (1975)
NAME = Budé, Guillaume
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Philosopher
DATE OF BIRTH =
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