Guillaume Budé


Guillaume Budé

Infobox_Philosopher
region = Western Philosophers
era = Renaissance philosophy
color = #B0C4DE



image_caption = Guglielmus Budaeus

name = Guillaume Budé
birth = birth date|1467|01|26 Paris, France
death = death date and age|1540|08|23|1467|01|26 Paris, France
school_tradition = humanism
main_interests =
influences =
influenced =
notable_ideas =

Guillaume Budé ( _la. Guglielmus Budaeus) (January 26 1467August 23, 1540) was a French scholar.

Life

Budé was born in Paris. He went to the University of Orléans to study law, but for several years, being possessed of ample means, he led an idle and dissipated life. When about twenty-four years of age he was seized with a sudden passion for study, and made rapid progress, particularly in the Latin and Greek languages.

The work which gained him greatest reputation was his "De Asse et Partibus" (1514), a treatise on ancient coins and measures. He was held in high esteem by Francis I, who was persuaded by him, and by Jean du Bellay, bishop of Narbonne, to found the Collegium Trilingue, afterwards the Collège de France, and the library at Fontainebleau, which was removed to Paris and was the origin of the Bibliothèque Nationale. He also induced Francis to refrain from prohibiting printing in France, which had been advised by the Sorbonne in 1533.

He was sent by Louis XII to Rome as ambassador to Leo X, and in 1522 was appointed "maître des requêtes" and was several times "prévôt des marchands".

Budé died in Paris on August 23, 1540. His request that he should be buried at night, and his widow's pen profession of Protestantism at Geneva (where she retired after his death), caused him to be suspected of leanings towards Calvinism. Sections of his correspondence with Erasmus also suggest this religious inclination.

At the time of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, the members of his family were obliged to flee from France. Some took refuge in Switzerland, where they worthily upheld the traditions of their house, while others settled in Pomerania under the name Budde or Buddeus.

Works

Budé was also the author of "Annotationes in XXIV. libros Pandectarum" (1508), which, by the application of philology and history, had a great influence on the study of Roman law, and of "Commentarii linguae Graecae" (1529), an extensive collection of lexicographical notes, which contributed greatly to the study of Greek literature in France.

Guillaume Budé corresponded with the most learned men of his time, amongst them Erasmus, who called him the "marvel of France", and Thomas More. He wrote with equal facility in Greek and Latin, although his Latin is inferior to his Greek, being somewhat harsh and full of Greek constructions.

References

*1911
*Loys Leroy (or Regius), , "Vita G. Budaei" (1540)
*D Rebitté, "G. Budé, restaurateur 4es études grecques en France" (1846)
*E. de Budé, "Vie de G. Budé" (1884), who refutes the idea of his ancestor's Protestant views
*D'Hozier, "La Maison de Budé"
*L. Delaruelle, "Études sur l'humanisme français" (1907)
*D. McNeil, "Guillaume Budé and Humanism in the Reign of Francis I" (1975)

Persondata
NAME = Budé, Guillaume
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Philosopher
DATE OF BIRTH = 1467-01-26
PLACE OF BIRTH = PAris, France
DATE OF DEATH = 1540-08-23
PLACE OF DEATH = Paris, France


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guillaume Bude — Guillaume Budé Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guillaume. Guillaume Budé Portrait par Jean Clouet (1536) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Budé — Guillaume Budé. Guillaume Budé (Guglielmus Budaeus en latín) (París, 1467 ibíd., 22 de agosto de 1540) helenista, jurista y humanista francés. Biografía Estudió leyes en Par …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guillaume Bude —     Guillaume Budé     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Guillaume Budé     (Budaeus).     A French Hellenist, born at Paris, 1467; died there 22 August, 1540. He studied at Paris and Orleans but with little success or application. Subsequently, however …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Guillaume Budé — (Guglielmus Budaeus en latín) (París, 1467 ibíd. 22 de agosto 1540), helenista, jurista y humanista francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guillaume Budé — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guillaume. Guillaume Budé Guillaume budé Portrai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Budé — Zeitgenöss. Portrait des Guillaume Budé von Jean Clouet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Association Guillaume Bude — Association Guillaume Budé Une rangée de volumes de la série latine de la Collection des Universités de France L’association Guillaume Budé est une association culturelle française reconnue d intérêt public et une société savante ayant pour but… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Association Guillaume Budé — The Aassociation Guillaume Budé, named after the 16th century humanist Guillaume Budé, is a French cultural and learned society dedicated to the promotion of Humanities. The current president of the society is the hellenist Jacques Jouanna. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Association Guillaume Budé — Einige Bände der lateinischen Reihe der Collection des Universités de France Die Association Guillaume Budé ist eine kulturelle Vereinigung und eine Gelehrtengesellschaft mit dem Schwerpunkt auf dem Gebiet der Klassischen Philologie. Sie wurde im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Association Guillaume Budé — Une rangée de volumes de la série latine de la Collection des Universités de France L’association Guillaume Budé est une association culturelle française reconnue d intérêt public et une société savante ayant pour but la diffusion des humanités.… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.