1936 in music


1936 in music

Events

*January 4 - "Billboard" magazine publishes its first music hit parade
*March 28 - Inaugurational concert of the São Paulo City Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Ernst Mehlich
*April 19 - in Barcelona, Alban Berg's "Violin Concerto" is premiered by Louis Krasner
* Nat King Cole's recording career begins
* Benjamin Britten meets Peter Pears
* Count Basie begins recording with his own band, which includes Lester Young

Published popular music

* "At The Codfish Ball" w. Sidney D. Mitchell m. Lew Pollack. Introduced by Shirley Temple and Buddy Ebsen in the film "Captain January"
* "Au Revoir (But Not Goodbye)" w.m. Joe Gilbert
* "Awake in a Dream" w. Leo Robin m. Frederick Hollander. Introduced by Marlene Dietrich in the film "Desire".
* "Bojangles Of Harlem" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film "Swing Time".
* "By Strauss" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin. Introduced by Gracie Barrie and Robert Shafter in the revue "The Show is On"
* "Christopher Columbus" w. Andy Razaf m. Leon Berry
* "Cloudy" Williams
* "Cool Water" w.m. Bob Nolan
* "Does Your Heart Beat For Me?" w. Mitchell Parish m. Russ Morgan
* "Down in the Depths (on the Ninetieth Floor)" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by Ethel Merman in the musical "Red, Hot and Blue".
* "You'd Be So Easy to Love" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by James Stewart and reprised by Frances Langford in the film "Born to Dance"
* "Empty Saddles" w. J. Keirn Brennan m. Billy Hill
* "Farewell To Dreams" w. Gus Kahn m. Sigmund Romberg
* "A Fine Romance" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the film "Swing Time".
* "Glad To Be Unhappy" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Doris Carson and David Morris in the musical "On Your Toes"
* "Gloomy Sunday" w. (Eng) Sam M. Lewis m. Rezső Seress
* "The Glory Of Love" w.m. Billy Hill
* "Goodnight, Irene" w.m. Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter
* "Goodnight My Love" w. Harry Revel m. Mack Gordon
* "Goody Goody" w.m. Johnny Mercer & Matty Malneck
* "Has Anybody Seen Our Ship?" w.m. Noël Coward
* "He Ain't Got Rhythm" w.m. Irving Berlin
* "I Can't Escape From You" w.m. Leo Robin & Richard A. Whiting. Introduced by Bing Crosby in the film "Rhythm on the Range".
* "If I Should Lose You" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger
* "I'm An Old Cow Hand" w.m. Johnny Mercer. Introduced by Bing Crosby in the film "Rhythm on the Range".
* "I'm Putting all My Eggs in One Basket" w.m. Irving Berlin. Introduced by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the film "Follow the Fleet".
* "In The Chapel In The Moonlight" w.m. Billy Hill
* "Is It True What They Say About Dixie?" w. Irving Caesar & Sammy Lerner
* "It's A Sin To Tell A Lie" w.m. Billy Mayhew
* "It's DeLovely" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by Ethel Merman and Bob Hope in the musical "Red, Hot and Blue"
* "It's Got To Be Love" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Ray Bolger and Doris Carson in the musical "On Your Toes".
* "I've Got A Feeling You're Fooling" w. Arthur Freed m. Nacio Herb Brown
* "I've Got You Under My Skin" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by Virginia Bruce in the film "Born To Dance".
* "Keep A Twinkle In Your Eye" Johnny Mercer, Rube Bloom
* "Let Yourself Go" w.m. Irving Berlin. Introduced by Ginger Rogers in the film "Follow the Fleet"
* "Let's Call A Heart A Heart" w. Johnny Burke m. Arthur Johnston from the film "Pennies From Heaven"
* "Let's Face the Music and Dance" w.m. Irving Berlin. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film "Follow the Fleet".
* "Life Begins At Forty" Yellen, Shapiro
* "Little Old Lady" w. Stanley Adams m. Hoagy Carmichael
* "The Love Bug Will Bite You" w.m. Pinky Tomlin
* "Me and the Moon" w. Walter Hirsch m. Lou Handman
* "Moonlight And Shadows" w. Leo Robin m. Frederick Hollander. Introduced by Dorothy Lamour in the film "The Jungle Princess"
* "Music in May" w. Christopher Hassall m. Ivor Novello. Introduced by Dorothy Dickson in the musical "Careless Rapture"
* "Never Gonna Dance" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film "Swing Time"
* "The Night Is Young And You're So Beautiful" w. Billy Rose & Irving Kahal m. Dana Suesse
* "On The Beach At Bali-Bali" w.m. Al Sherman, Jack Meskill & Abner Silver
* "The One Rose (That's Left In My Heart)" w.m. Del Lyon & Lani McIntyre
* "One, Two, Button Your Shoe" w. Johnny Burke m. Arthur Johnston
* "Oooh! Look-A There, Ain't She Pretty?" w. Clarence Todd m. Carmen Lombardo
* "Organ Grinder's Swing" w. Mitchell Parish & Irving Mills m. Will Hudson
* "Pennies From Heaven" w. Johnny Burke m. Arthur Johnston
* "Pick Yourself Up" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in the film "Swing Time"
* "Play, Orchestra, Play" w.m. Noël Coward
* "Poinciana" w. (Sp) Manuel Lliso (Eng) Buddy Bernier m. Nat Simon
* "Poor Little Angeline" w.m. Will Grosz & Jimmy Kennedy
* "Rainbow On The River" w. Paul Francis Webster m. Louis Alter
* "Ridin' High" w.m. Cole Porter
* "San Francisco" w. Gus Kahn m. Bronislaw Kaper & Walter Jurmann
* "Sing Me A Swing Song" w. Stanley Adams m. Hoagy Carmichael
* "Sing, Sing, Sing" w.m. Louis Prima
* "Slaughter On Tenth Avenue" m. Richard Rodgers
* "There's A Bridle Hangin' On The Wall" w.m. Carson Robison
* "There's a Small Hotel" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
* "To You, Sweetheart, Aloha" w.m. Harry Owens
* "Too Good For The Average Man" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
* "The Touch Of Your Lips" w.m. Ray Noble
* "Waltz In Swingtime" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern
* "The Way You Look Tonight" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film "Swing Time"
* "We Saw The Sea" w.m. Irving Berlin. Introduced by Fred Astaire in the film "Follow the Fleet"
* "When A Lady Meets A Gentleman Down South" w.m. Michael Cleary, Jacques Krakeur & David Oppenheim
* "When Did You Leave Heaven?" w. Walter Bullock m. Richard A. Whiting
* "When My Dreamboat Comes Home" w.m. Cliff Friend & Dave Franklin
* "The Window Cleaner" George Formby, Gifford, Cliffe
* "With My Shillelagh Under My Arm" w.m. Billy O'Brien & Raymond Wallace
* "With Plenty Of Money And You" w. Al Dubin m. Harry Warren
* "Would You?" w. Arthur Freed m. Nacio Herb Brown
* "You (Gee But You're Wonderful)" w. Harold Adamson m. Walter Donaldson
* "You Can't Pull The Wool Over My Eyes" w.m. Milton Ager, Charles Newman & Murray Mencher
* "You Gotta S-M-I-L-E To Be H-A-P-P-Y" w.m. Mack Gordon & Harry Revel
* "You Were There" w.m. Noël Coward
* "You'll Have To Swing It" w.m. Sam Coslow

Biggest hit songs

The following songs achieved the highest [http://tsort.info/music/yr1936.htm chart positions] in the limited set of charts available for 1936.

Top hit recordings

*"Alone" by Tommy Dorsey
*"Did I Remember" by Shep Fields
*"A Fine Romance" by Fred Astaire
*"The Glory of Love" by Benny Goodman
*"Goody Goody" by Benny Goodman
*"I'll Sing You A Thousand Love Songs" by Eddy Duchin
*"I'm Putting All My Eggs In One Basket" by Fred Astaire
*"In the Chapel In the Moonlight" by Shep Fields & His Rippling Rhythm
*"Indian Love Call" - Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy
*"Is It True What They Say about Dixie?" by Jimmy Dorsey
*"It's a Sin to Tell a Lie" by Fats Waller
*"Moon Over Miami" by Eddy Duchin
*"The Music Goes Round and Round" by Tommy Dorsey
*"Pennies from Heaven" by Bing Crosby
*"Star Dust" by Benny Goodman & His Orchestra
*"The Way You Look Tonight" by Fred Astaire
*"The Martins And The Coys" by Ted Weems And His Orchestra
*"You Can't Pull The Wool Over My Eyes" by Ted Weems And His Orchestra With Perry Como

Classical music

*Grażyna Bacewicz - Trio for Oboe, Violin and Piano
*Samuel Barber -
**Symphony No. 1, Op. 9
**String Quartet, Op. 11
*Béla Bartók - Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta
*Ernest Bloch - "Voice in the Wilderness"
*Henry Cowell - "String Quartet #4, "United"
*David Diamond - Violin Concerto No. 1
*John Fernström - Clarinet Concerto
*Berthold Goldschmidt - String Quartet No. 2
*Paul Hindemith - Trauermusik (Funeral Music)
*Alan Hovhaness - Cello Concerto
*Aram Khachaturian - "Piano Concerto"
*Bohuslav Martinů - Concerto for Flute, Violin and Chamber Orchestra
*Sergei Prokofiev -
**"Peter and the Wolf", for narrator and orchestra
**"Romeo and Juliet" (ballet)
**"Russian Overture" for orchestra
*Sergei Rachmaninoff - Symphony No. 3
*Albert Roussel - Concertino for Cello and Orchestra
*Edmund Rubbra -
**Sinfonia Concertante
**Symphony No. 1, Op. 44
*Arnold Schoenberg -
**Violin Concerto, Op. 36 (1935-36)
**String Quartet No. 4, Op. 37
*Roger Sessions - String Quartet No. 1
*Dmitri Shostakovich - Symphony No. 4 in C minor, Op. 43 (1935-1936)
*Edgard Varèse - "Density 21.5"
*Ralph Vaughan Williams - "Dona Nobis Pacem"
*Anton Webern - Variations for Piano (1935-1936)
*Percy Whitlock - Sonata for Organ in C minor

Opera

*Franco Alfano - "Cyrano de Bergerac"
*George Enescu - "Oedipe"
*Emmerich Kalman - "Kaiserin Josephine"
*Bohuslav Martinů - "Divadlo za branou (The Suburban Theater)"
*Gian Carlo Menotti - "Amelia al Ballo"

Musical theater

* "Balalaika" London production opened at the Adelphi Theatre on December 22 and ran for 570 performances.
* "Careless Rapture" (Ivor Novello) - London production opened at the Theatre Royal on September 11 and ran for 295 performances.
* "New Faces Of 1936" Broadway revue opened at the Vanderbilt Theatre on May 19 and ran for 193 performances.
* "On Your Toes" Broadway production opened on April 11 at the Imperial Theatre and ran for 315 performances.
* "Over She Goes" (Music: Billy Mayerl Lyrics: Desmond Carter & Frank Eyton Book: Stanley Lupino) London production opened at the Saville Theatre on September 23 and ran for 248 performances
* "Red, Hot And Blue" Broadway production opened on October 29 at the Alvin Theatre and ran for 183 performances.
* "The Show Is On" Broadway revue opened at the Winter Garden Theatre on December 25 and ran for 237 performances.
* "Swing Along" London production opened at the Gaiety Theatre on September 2 and ran for 311 performances
* "This'll Make You Whistle" London production opened at the Palace Theatre on September 15 and transferred to Daly's Theatre on January 21, 1937 for a total run of 190 performances. Starred Jack Buchanan and Elsie Randolph
* "" London production opened at the Phoenix Theatre on January 9 and ran for 157 performances.
* "White Horse Inn" Broadway production opened on October 1 at the Center Theatre and ran for 223 performances.

Musical films

* "Anything Goes" starring Bing Crosby and Ethel Merman
* "Born To Dance" released November 27 starring Eleanor Powell, Virginia Bruce, James Stewart, Frances Langford, Buddy Ebsen and the vocal group The Foursome.
* "Cain and Mabel" starring Marion Davies, Clark Gable and Allen Jenkins
* "Can This Be Dixie?" starring Jane Withers, Slim Summerville, Helen Wood and Thomas Beck. Directed by George Marshall
* "Captain January" starring Shirley Temple, Guy Kibbee and Slim Summerville. Directed by David Butler.
* "Collegiate" released January 22 starring Jack Oakie and Frances Langford and featuring songwriters Mack Gordon and Harry Revel.
* "Dancing Pirate" starring Charles Collins, Frank Morgan and Steffi Duna
* "Everybody Dance" starring Cicely Courtneidge
* "Everything Is Rhythm" starring Harry Roy and Princess Pearl (actress) and featuring Mabel Mercer
* "Follow the Fleet" starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
* "The Great Ziegfeld" starring William Powell, Myrna Loy, Luise Rainer, Frank Morgan, Fanny Brice, Virginia Bruce and Ray Bolger.
* "Her Master's Voice" starring Edward Everett Horton and Peggy Conklin
* "King of Burlesque" starring Alice Faye, Jack Oakie and Warner Baxter and featuring Fats Waller and Kenny Baker
* "Pigskin Parade" starring Stuart Erwin, Patsy Kelly, Jack Haley, Betty Grable, Dixie Dunbar and Judy Garland and featuring The Yacht Club Boys
* "Poor Little Rich Girl" released July 24 starring Shirley Temple, Alice Faye, Jack Haley and featuring Tony Martin.
* "Public Nuisance No. 1" starring Frances Day.
* "Rhythm on the Range" released July 1 starring Bing Crosby and Frances Farmer.
* "Rose Marie" starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy
* "Show Boat" starring Irene Dunne, Allan Jones, Helen Morgan, Paul Robeson and Hattie McDaniel
* "Soft Lights and Sweet Music" film revue featuring Ambrose & his Orchestra, Evelyn Dall, Turner Layton and Elisabeth Welch
*"Stage Struck" starring Dick Powell, Joan Blondell, Frank McHugh, Jeanne Madden and The Yacht Club Boys.
* "Suzy" starring Jean Harlow, Franchot Tone, Cary Grant and Inez Courtney
* "Swing Time" starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
* "Three Smart Girls"
* "Variety Parade

Births

*January 2 - Roger Miller, country singer (died 1992)
*January 12 - Raimonds Pauls, composer and piano player
*January 14 - Clarence Carter, soul singer
*January 23 - Cécile Ousset, pianist
*January 24
** Doug Kershaw, fiddle player
** Jack Scott, singer and songwriter
*February 6 - Donnie Brooks, singer (died 2007)
*February 9 - Stompin' Tom Connors, folk musician
*February 19 - Bob Engermann (The Lettermen)
*February 22 - Ernie K-Doe, R&B singer (died 2001)
*March 4 - Aribert Reimann, pianist and composer
*March 9 - Mickey Gilley, country singer
*March 20 - Lee "Scratch" Perry, reggae artist
*March 26 - Fred Parris (The Five Satins)
*March 29 - Richard Rodney Bennett, composer and pianist
*April 10 - Bobbie Smith (The Spinners)
*April 17 - Pete Graves (The Moonglows)
*April 22 - Glen Campbell, folk singer
*April 23 - Roy Orbison, singer-songwriter (died 1988)
*April 29
** Albee Cracolici (The Mystics)
** April Stevens, singer
** Zubin Mehta, conductor
*May 2 - Engelbert Humperdinck, singer
*May 6 - Sylvia Vanderpool Robinson (Mickey & Sylvia)
*May 14 - Bobby Darin, singer (died 1973)
*May 25 - Tom T. Hall, country singer
*June 3 - Boots Randolph, session musician
*June 6 - Levi Stubbs, vocalist (The Four Tops)
*June 19
** Tommy DeVito (The Four Seasons)
** Shirley Goodman (Shirley & Lee, Shirley & Company)
*June 20 - Billy Guy (The Coasters)
*June 22 - Kris Kristofferson, singer-songwriter and actor
*June 30 - Dave Van Ronk, folk singer (died 2002)
*July 10 - David Zinman, violinist and conductor
*July 13 - Vaza Azarasvili, Georgian composer ( [http://www.operone.de/komponist/azarasvili.html] )
*July 30 - Buddy Guy, blues guitarist
*August 4 - Elsberry Hobbs (The Drifters)
*August 7 - Charles Pope (The Tams)
*August 23 - Rudy Lewis (The Drifters)
*September 7 - Buddy Holly, singer and songwriter (died 1959)
*October 3
** James Darren, actor and singer
** Steve Reich, composer
*October 5 - George Jones Jr. (The Edsels)
*October 7 - Charles Dutoit, conductor
*October 24 - Bill Wyman (The Rolling Stones)
*November 11 - Jack Keller, songwriter
*November 14 - Antonio Gades, flamenco dancer
*November 18
** Hank Ballard, R&B singer (died 2003)
** Don Cherry, jazz musician
*December 14 - Arve Tellefsen, violinist
*December 17 - Tommy Steele, singer
*"date unknown" - Dieter Klöcker, clarinetist ( [http://www.hr-online.de/website/radio/hr2/index.jsp?rubrik=13286&key=standard_document_27288586] )

Deaths

*January 2 - Harry B. Smith, US songwriter
*January 7 - Guy d'Hardelot, composer and pianist
*January 22 - Louis Glass, composer
*January 23 - Dame Clara Butt, operatic contralto (b. 1872)
*January 25? - Hermann Bischoff, composer (b. 1868)
*March 6 - Rubin Goldmark, pianist and composer (b. 1872)
*March 21 - Alexander Glazunov, composer (b. 1865)
*April 7 - Marilyn Miller, US actress, dancer and singer
*April 18 - Ottorino Respighi, composer
*April 24 - Bernard van Dieren, composer (b. 1887)
*May 25 - Ján Levoslav Bella, composer and conductor (b. 1843)
*June 27 - Mike Bernard, ragtime musician (b. 1881)
*August 15 - Sir Henry Lytton, Gilbert & Sullivan comic baritone (b. 1865)
*August 19 - Harry Plunket Greene, concert baritone (b. 1865)
*October 22 - Anne Caldwell, librettist and lyricist (b. 1867)
*November 11 - Sir Edward German, composer
*November 17 - Ernestine Schumann-Heink, contralto
*December 6 - Emil Adamič, composer (b. 1877)
*"date unknown"
**Charlie Green, jazz trombonist (b. c. 1900)
**Albert Gorter, German conductor and composer ( [http://www.operone.de/komponist/gorter.html] ) (b. 1862)
**Claudia Muzio, opera singer


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