Lombok


Lombok

Infobox Islands
name = Lombok



image caption = Topography of the island
native name =
native name link =
location = South East Asia
coordinates= coord|8.565|S|116.351|E|type:isle
archipelago = Lesser Sunda Islands
total islands =
major islands =
area = 4,725 km²
highest mount = Rinjani
elevation = 3,726 m
country = Indonesia
country admin divisions title = Province
country admin divisions = West Nusa Tenggara
country largest city = Mataram
country largest city population =
population = 2,950,105
population as of = 2005
density = 792/km²
ethnic groups = Sasak, Balinese

Lombok (population 2,950,105 in 2005) is an island in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia. It is part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a "tail" to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,725 km² (1,825 sq mi). The administrative capital and largest city on the island is Mataram.

History

The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern most part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies.

Geography and demographics

The Lombok Strait marks the passage of the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia that is known as the Wallace Line, for Alfred Russel Wallace, who first remarked upon the distinction between these two major biomes.

The island's topography is dominated by the centrally-located stratovolcano Mount Rinjani, which rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft), making it the third-highest in Indonesia. The most recent eruption of Rinjani was in June-July, 1994. The volcano, and its sacred crater lake, 'Segara Anak' (child of the sea), are protected by a National Park established in 1997. The southern part of the island is a fertile plain where corn, rice, coffee, tobacco, and cotton are grown.

The island's inhabitants are 85% Sasak (a people, related to the Balinese, but mostly practising Islam), 10-15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Chinese, Arab, Javanese, and Sumbawanese.

Economy and politics

Lombok has much in common with nearby Bali, but less well-known and less-visited by foreigners [http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/09/21/travel/21next.html?ref=travel] . It has been working to increase its visibility to tourists in recent years, promoting itself as an "unspoiled Bali". The most-developed center of tourism is Senggigi, spread in a 10-kilometer strip along the coastal road north of Mataram, while backpackers congregate in the Gili Islands off the west coast. Other popular tourist destinations include Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali) where surfing is considered some of the best in the world by leading surfing magazines. The Kuta area is also famous for its beautiful, untouched beaches.

While the area may be considered economically depressed by First World standards, the island is fertile, has sufficient rainfall in most areas for agriculture, and possesses a variety of climate zones. Consequently, food in abundant quantity and variety is available inexpensively at local farmer's markets. A family of 4 can eat rice, vegetables, and fruit for as little as US$0.50. Even though a family income may be as small as US$1.00 per day from fishing or farming, many families are able to live a happy and productive live on astonishingly small incomes.

In early 2000 thousands fled from religious and ethnic violence that swept over the island, and tensions remain. Some travel websites warn that tourists sometimes provoke anger in this economically depressed region. This warning lacks credibility, since all of Lombok has had a long history of welcoming visitors to the island. Both the government and many of the residents recognize that tourism and the services required by tourists is Lombok's highest source of income. Further proof of the island's hospitality is show by the fact that tourists are virtually never seriously injured by any interaction with the local population. While many of the local population are friendly, there is certainly an element of danger and numerous travelers have shared accounts of violence, particularly in the Kuta region where locals, displaced by hotel projects, resent foreign presence. There is also a refugee camp on the island, costs paid for by Australia, which holds mostly Hazara Afghans who have tried to enter Australia by boat.

Emaar, Emirati property company planned to build a new town sprawled in 1,200 hectares in Central Lombok. It costs estimated at US$600 million. It will have a 7 km natural waterfront, which will support a marina, apart from luxury residences and five-star resorts by Ritz-Carlton [ [http://www.tempointeraktif.com/hg/nasional/2008/03/19/brk,20080319-119543,id.html Tempo Interaktif] ] . The Ritz-Carlton will also have a world class golf course and retail amenities. The homes will employ tropical designs and low-rise architecture in tune with the surroundings. [ [http://www.emaar.com/MediaCenter/PressReleases/2007April30.asp Emaar] ]

References

External links

*
* [http://home.iae.nl/users/arcengel/NedIndie/lombokengels.htm Lombok history, with detailed map]
* [http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/southeast_asia/indonesia/lombok.html Space Shuttle images of volcanic Lombok]
* [http://www.lombok.co.uk Lombok Furniture]
* [http://travel.nytimes.com/2008/09/21/travel/21next.html?ref=travel NY Times on Lombok]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lombok — Image satellite de Lombok. Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lombok — Satellitenaufnahme Gewässer Javasee Inselgruppe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LOMBOK — Faisant partie de l’archipel des îles de la Sonde, l’île indonésienne de Lombok est séparée de Bali, à l’ouest, par le détroit de Lombok et de Sumbawa, à l’est, par le détroit d’Alas. Elle est divisée sur presque toute sa longueur (110 kilomètres …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lombok — (auch Selaparang), niederländisch ind. Insel, zu den Kleinen Sundainseln gehörig (s. Karte »Hinterindien«), unter 81/2° südl. Br. und 116° östl. L., von dem westlichen Bali durch die Lombokstraße, von dem östlichen Sumbawa durch die Alasstraße… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lombok — Lombok, eine der Kleinen Sundainseln, östlich von Java; 71 QM.; ist durch die Straße L. von Bali u. durch die Allasstraße von Sumbava getrennt, vulkanisch; 20,000 Ew., theils Buddhisten, theils Muhammedaner; steht unter einem Radscha; wegen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lombok — Lombok, eine der Kleinen Sundainseln, durch die Lombokstraße (floristisch faunistische Scheidelinie) von Bali getrennt, vulkanisch, mit dem 3760 m hohen Vulkan Rindschani, 4692 qkm, 327.200 mohammed. E.; Hauptstadt Mataram, Haupthandelsplatz… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lombok — [läm bäk′] island of Indonesia, between Bali & Sumbawa: 2,098 sq mi (5,434 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Lombok — Isla de Lombok Pulau Lombok Lombok y el monte Rinjani (mayo de 1992) Localización País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lombok — /lom bok /, n. an island in Indonesia, E of Bali. 1,300,234; 1826 sq. mi. (4729 sq. km). * * * Island, Indonesia. It is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, separated from Bali by the Lombok Strait and from Sumbawa by the Alas Strait. It is 70 mi… …   Universalium

  • Lombok — Lọmbok,   eine der Kleinen Sundainseln, Indonesien, östlich der durch die Lombokstraße (tier und pflanzengeographische Grenze zwischen malaioasiatischen und malaioaustralischen Formen) von ihr getrennten Insel Bali; 4 692 km2, über 2 Mio.… …   Universal-Lexikon