- Waraich (clan)
Waraich, "(mainly also spelt Varaich)" is a
warriorethnic clanfound in Jatts of Indiaand Pakistanwho are descendants of Indo-Scythiantribes. Also, but less commonly it can also be spelt "(Baraich, Braich, Varaitch, Varaich, and Warraich)" depending on which Punjabi dialectis being used.
History and origin
According to some scholars the
Sakas were the ancestors of the present day Jatt Waraich clan "(also spelt Wraich & Braich)". [Rose, H.A., A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, (Vol. II), reprinted by the Languages Department, Patiala, Punjab, 1970, pp.361, 300, 237, 25, 35, first published in 1883.] [Rose, H.A., A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, Vol. III, reprinted by the Languages Department, Patiala, Punjab, 1970, pp. 64, 423-425, 421, first published in 1883.] The Indo-Scythianswere named "Shaka" in India, an extension on the name Saka used by the Persians to designate Scythians.
The Waraich "(also spelt Varaich, Wraich & Braich)"
clanpopulation was 2,070, in Amritsar district, during the 1911 British PunjabCensus [1911 census of British Punjab - Major General Barstow.] [cite book |title=History and study of the Jats|author=Professor B. S. Dhillon|coauthors=|year=1994|publisher=Beta Publishers|isbn=1895603021] and in the Patiala districtit was 1,950 during the 1911 British PunjabCensus. [1911 census of British Punjab - Major General Barstow.] [cite book |title=History and study of the Jats|author=Professor B. S. Dhillon|coauthors=|year=1994|publisher=Beta Publishers|isbn=1895603021]
The Waraich clan (also spelled Wraich, Braich, Baraich) is mostly found in western Punjab,
Pakistanin two districts Gujratand Gujranwala. They occupy 141 villages in Gujrat and 84 villages in Gujranwala.
In eastern Punjab in
Indiathe clan is found in large numbers in the Majhaand Malwa region. Historically they are known as land owners and tenant farmers but are also considered by some as fearless warriors and to date there are large numbers of this clan are employed by both Indian and Pakistani armies.
It alleged that eighty percent of the residents of the village of
Bhai Bakhtaur, in the district of Bathindaare Waraich jats with Kartar Singh Waraich (a retired Chief Manager of Punjab State Bank) being one of the eminent personalities from this village.
Sir Lepal Griffin, the Waraich established a city named Bharhaich in India. Later, the tribe migrated to Punjab during The reign of Mohammad of Ghazni and settled in Gujrat(in present day Pakistan). [Sir Lepal Griffin. "Chiefs of Punjab". p. 409] .
According to the
Epigraphica Indica, Volume I, page 29, a rock inscriptionat Chamak Harsati Balaghatmentions that "Bharhaich" jats performed ten asvamedha yagnyas (Sanskrit "Horse sacrifice") and, constructed ten ghatsin Varanasi. However this jat clan is actually part of the Bhararegime which ruled the entire eastern and Bundelkhandregions of the current Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Basing evidence upon inscriptions on coins and copper plates found near the village of Janghatin the district of Farrukhabad Kashi Prasad Jaisawal, a historian, has referred to these Bharhaich jats as being the mythological Bharshivawho wore the Siva lingamon their shoulders and committed to free region from the Kushansand other Sakarulers with the descendants of these people are alleged to be the Rajbharand Bharof eastern Uttar Pradesh.
According to tradition - Waraich, a jat, had five sons who moved from
Chenabto two cities Gujratand Gujranwala. Three brothers moved to Gujratand the other two moved to Gujranwala. In or about the 10th centuryA.D. they moved down to the Jhelum Riverin large numbers and settled down there. Until the 13th centuryAD they continued to fight with Gujjartribes. Today these Waraich occupy a very compact area comprising 360 villages in a region called Jatat. During the period of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a certain Harialeader of these Waraich jats converted to Islam founding a village later called after him Hariawala. Alleged all Waraich jats of the Jhelum region converted to Islam en-masse. No solid evidence is supplied for any of these statements.
Further slightly different traditions have these Punjabi Waraichs as being the progeny of three brothers, Haria, Gunia and Kurtal, who were rulers of
Bahraich principality. During Sher Shah Suri's conquest of Bengal, these rulers captured his treasure en-route to the province. It was believed that the Shah would not succeed in his campaign however to their surprise, Sher Shah conquered Bengal and established his rule over a large part of Northern India. Following their defeat these Waraichs left Bahraich and traveled westwards. They settled upon finding suitable grazing grounds on the banks of the Chenabriver. This new home was on the lands previously used by Gujjars for grazing cattle. This settlement led to rivalry between the Waraich Jats and the incumbent Gujjars. Traces of clan presence is alleged to be evident from the name "Gujrat" - though this name is evidence from the medieval period and was named after the very same region now the state of Gujat in India. Muslims have Gujrat derived from "Gujar-Jat" without any reference to Indo-Aryanlinguistics. If an etymology were to be proposed then it would be *gurjara rastra, "Land of the gurjara" (Sanskrit gurjara, "cow herd").
The Waraich clan gradually spread out to places beyond
Gujratsuch as Gujranwalaand Sargodha(in today's Punjab province of Pakistan).
Other traditions have these variously labelled Jats or Rajputs (or even both) ruling over
Shergarhand Nagaurand other cites until 275 AD.
Members of the Waraich clan in western Punjab are Muslim.
In eastern Punjab and
Haryana, the clan is Sikhand are refugees and descendents of refugees from western Punjab.
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain- Former Prime Minister of Pakistan[Chaudhry Pervez Elahi] - Former Chief Minister Province of Punjab [Chaudry Abrar Ahmad Warraich Of Jalalpur jattan]
Aitzaz Ahsan- President Supreme Court Bar Associationof Pakistan and a leading member of the Pakistan People's Party
*Lt. Gen (Retd.)
Imtiazullah Waraich(late) - Vice Chief of Army Staff Pakistan Army
*Chaudhry Zafar Iqbal Waraich - Former Interior Minister of Pakistan
*Chaudhry Najaf Nawaz Warraich-President Asian-British Young Organisation
*Suhail Warraich journalist
*Chaudhry Bilal Assad Waraich [Pahrianwali]
Chaudhry Abrar Ahmad Warraich
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
*Ram Swarup Joon - History of the Jatt
*History of the Jatt Clans - H.S Duleh
*Website of Wraich community by Raman Wraich (www.wraich.com)
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