Fort Nelson, Portsmouth


Fort Nelson, Portsmouth

:"This article is about Fort Nelson near Fareham, England. For other places with a similar name, see Fort Nelson".

Fort Nelson, in the civil parish of Boarhunt in the English county of Hampshire, is one of five defensive forts built on the summit of Portsdown Hill in the 1860s, overlooking the important naval base of Portsmouth. It is now part of the Royal Armouries, housing their collection of artillery.

History

Fort Nelson is one of five Portsdown Forts. Built as a result of the 1859 Royal Commission by Lord Palmerston to prevent a French land attack, on the Portsmouth dockyard only 8 kilometres away, because the older Hilsea Lines at the bottom of the ridge were considered insufficient. A series of 5 forts were built along the 7 miles (10 km) of the ridge. From west to east they are forts Fareham, Wallington, Nelson, Southwick, Widley and Purbrook. The line was finished off at the eastern end with Crookhorn Redoubt and Farlington Redoubt. A garrison of around 200 volunteers accompanied by regular army officers would have manned the fort in time of war. Fort Nelson remained in some use by the MOD until it was abandoned in the 1950s.

Royal Armouries

Following a fire caused by vandalism in 1988 it was reclaimed by the MOD and sold to Hampshire County Council for £50,000. Hampshire County Council restored it at a cost of £3-4million, and it opened to the public in 1994, becoming part of the Royal Armouries in 1995. It houses their collection of artillery, including:
*The 'Boxted Bombard', an English wrought iron cannon from around 1450, which was powerful enough to fire a 60 kg granite ball
*The 'Muhammed's Great Gun', a Turkish wrought iron cannon from around 1400s, which was powerful enough to fire a 680 kg (1,500 lb) granite stones with a diameter of 762 mm (30 in). (Used in Great Turkish Bombard) (World's first supergun.)
*French field guns captured at the Battle of Waterloo
*Fortress guns from India and China.
*Parts of the famous Iraqi 'Project Babylon' Gulf War-era supergun.

The fort covers around 19 acres and is open all year round, with no charges except for some special events. Live firing demonstrations are held every day, costumed guides, video presentations, and visitors are able to explore the tunnels that run below the fort connecting the magazines with gun emplacements. There are displays demonstrating the living and working conditions of the soldiers who manned the fort, and views over Portsmouth, the Solent, Hayling Island and Gosport, with the Isle of Wight beyond.

ources

* [http://www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/fort-nelson The Royal Armouries at Fort Nelson - Official Site] . Page retrieved at 01:53am 05 May 2008.
* [http://www.stvincent.ac.uk/WfS/Tourism/Portsmouth/NavDef/FtNelson/ Portsmouth Naval and Defence Heritage] . Page retrieved at 11.30am 29 July 2005.
* [http://www.fareham.gov.uk/town/activities/places/fortnelson.asp Fareham Borough Council page on Fort Nelson] . Page retrieved at 12.20pm 29 July 2005.
* Portsdown Hill article.

External links

* [http://www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/fort-nelson The Royal Armouries at Fort Nelson - Official Site] .
* [http://www.stvincent.ac.uk/WfS/Tourism/Portsmouth/NavDef/FtNelson/ The Royal Armouries at Fort Nelson - Guide]
* [http://www.fareham.gov.uk/town/activities/places/fortnelson.asp Fareham Borough Council page on Fort Nelson]
* [http://www.palmerstonforts.org.uk/ Palmerston Forts Society]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fort Nelson — may refer to*Fort Nelson, British Columbia, a town *Fort Nelson River *Fort Nelson, Portsmouth, a fort (now a museum) in England *Fort Nelson (Hudson Bay), a fur trading post and the first headquarters of the Hudson s Bay Company near Port Nelson …   Wikipedia

  • Portsmouth — For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). Portsmouth   City and Unitary Authority Area   City of Portsmouth …   Wikipedia

  • Portsmouth — /pawrts meuhth, pohrts /, n. 1. a seaport in S Hampshire, in S England, on the English Channel: chief British naval station. 200,900. 2. a seaport in SE Virginia: navy yard. 104,577. 3. a seaport in SE New Hampshire: naval base; Russian Japanese… …   Universalium

  • Fort Constitution — und Portsmouth Harbor Light Fort Constitution im heutigen US Bundesstaat New Hampshire diente über 300 Jahre lang als militärische Einrichtung und war die wichtigste Festung in New Hampshire. Die Küstenbefestigung liegt auf einer Halbinsel im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Portsmouth, Virginia — Downtown Portsmouth Nickname(s): P town …   Wikipedia

  • Fort McClary — Blockhaus von Fort McClary Das Fort McClary ist eine ehemalige Küstenbefestigung im York County im US Bundesstaat Maine. Das Fort liegt südöstlich von Kittery bei Kittery Point an der Mündung des Piscataqua River. Die Festung liegt gegenüber von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmerston Forts, Portsmouth — The Palmerston Forts that encircle Portsmouth were built in response to the 1859 Royal Commission dealing with the perceived threat of a French invasion. The forts were intended to defend the Dockyard in Portsmouth. Construction was carried out… …   Wikipedia

  • The Nelson Monument, Portsdown Hill — Standing 120 feet tall on a granite base [Pocock,T., Horatio Nelson (London, Brockhampton) 1987 ISBN 1860199089 ] The Nelson Monument was the eventual outcome of a movement started during Horatio Nelson s lifetime to “perpetuate the glorious… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Portsmouth, Virginia — Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing …   Wikipedia

  • Tulip Inn Portsmouth (Portsmouth) — Tulip Inn Portsmouth country: United Kingdom, city: Portsmouth (City) Tulip Inn Portsmouth Location Situated close to the heart of Portsmouth, the Tulip Inn is at the junction 12 that provides a major link to Southampton and Chichester. The… …   International hotels


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.