- Kootenai National Forest
Infobox_protected_area | name = Kootenai National Forest
iucn_category = VI
locator_x = 57
locator_y = 14
Montana- Idaho, USA
nearest_city = Libby, MT
lat_degrees = 48
lat_minutes = 11
lat_seconds = 0
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 115
long_minutes = 28
long_seconds = 0
long_direction = W
area = 2,200,000 acres (9,000 km²)
established = 1907
governing_body = U.S. Forest Service
Kootenai National Forest is located in the far northwestern section of
Montanaand the northeasternmost lands in the Idahopanhandle, United Statesalong the Canadian border. Of the 2.2 million acres (9,000 km²) administered by the forest, less than 3 percent is located in the state of Idaho. Forest headquarters are located in Libby, Montana. The 93,000 acre (375 km²) Cabinet Mountains Wildernessarea is located within the forest. Wildernessdesignation prohibits motorized and mechanical travel, including bicycles and eliminates logging, mining, roadand or buildingconstruction.
Snowshoe Peak in the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness at 8,738 feet (2,700 m) is the highest peak within the forest. Mountain ranges included in the forest include the Whitefish, Purcell, Bitterroot, Salish, and Cabinet ranges.
The Kootenai and the Clark Fork river are the major rivers and are fed by abundant rainfall that is more than double that amount found elsewhere in Montana. Three major
hydroelectric dams exist in the Kootenai National Forest with Libby Dam on the Kootenai river creating a 90 mile (145 km) long lake known as Lake Koocanusa(a play on Kootenai-Canada-United States of America), which extends into Canada. The shores of the lake are all forest land with no private property easements. The lowest altitude in Montana is where the Kootenai River leaves the state (1,832 feet/ 560 m). Other rivers in the forest include the Yaak, Fisher, Tobacco and Vermillion, with water flowing from over 100 lakes.
The climate of the Kootenai has been described as "modified Pacific maritime" in character, meaning that compared to the remainder of Montana, this area's climate resembles that found along the
Pacificcoast. The character becomes "modified" by occasional intrusions of arctic air masses, more commonly found in the remainder of the State, which can bring winter temperatures down to -30 °F (-34 °C). with heavy snowfalls in the mountains.
Access into the Forest is via
U.S. Highway 2and U.S. Highway 93and Montana State Highways 37, 56, 200 and 508.
The forest is located overwhelmingly (almost 95%) in
Lincoln County, Montana, but extends into neighboring counties. In descending order of forestland area they are Flathead County in Montana, Bonner and Boundary counties in Idaho, and Sanders County in Montana.
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