Louis I of Spain

Louis I of Spain

Infobox Spanish Royalty|monarch
name =Louis
title =King of Spain

reign =14 January31 August 1724
coronation =
predecessor =Philip V
successor =Philip V
spouse =Louise Elisabeth of Orléans
titles ="HM" The King
"HRH" The Prince of Asturias
"HRH" The Infante Luis Felipe of Spain
royal house =House of Bourbon
royal anthem =
father =Philip V
mother =Maria Luisa of Savoy
date of birth =25 August 1707
place of birth =Madrid, Spain
date of death =death date and age|1724|8|31|1707|8|25
place of death =Madrid, Spain
buried =

King Louis I of Spain (Spanish: "Luis", August 25, 1707 – August 31, 1724), born "Luis Felipe of Spain", was the eldest son of Philip V of Spain by his first Queen consort, Maria Louisa of Savoy. His reign is recorded as one of the shortest in history, as he was the King of Spain for just over seven months.


Born at the Palacio del Buen Retiro, in Madrid, he was made the "Prince de Asturias" as the heir to his father's throne. In 1714, when Louis was 7, his mother died, leaving Louis and his brothers, Infante Fernando and Infante Felipe Pedro (D.1719. As a result, the recently-created King of Spain, Louis' father then married the young heiress to the Duchy of Parma, Elisabeth of Parma.

As heir not only to the vast Spanish empire, but also to a new dynasty, it was decided that Louis would take a wife as soon as possible. On 20 January 1722 at Lerma, he met and he married Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans (1709–1742), a daughter of Philippe II, duc d'Orléans, cousin of Louis' father and then the Regent of France. The dowry of this marriage was an enormous 4 million Livres. [Réimpression de l'ancien Moniteurseule histoire authentique et inaltérée] She did not fit into the religious Spanish Court well and she often refused to speak to her husband. There were no children of the marriage.

Louis ruled for a short period between the time his father Philip V abdicated in his favour (15 January 1724) and his death from smallpox, just over 7 months later. On his death, his father returned to the throne. The only coins minted in Mexico during his reign never reached Spain as the ship containing them was wrecked in the Caribbean. An expedition to recover them is under way. He was buried in the "Cripta Real del Monasterio de El Escorial" part of the El Escorial complex built by the previous ruling house of Spain, the Habsburgs.



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1= 1. Louis I of Spain
2= 2. Philip V of Spain
3= 3. Maria Luisa of Savoy
4= 4. Louis, Dauphin of France
5= 5. Maria Anna of Bavaria
6= 6. Victor Amadeus II of Savoy
7= 7. Anne Marie of Orléans
8= 8. Louis XIV of France
9= 9. Maria Theresa of Spain
10= 10. Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
11= 11. Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
12= 12. Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
13= 13. Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours
14= 14. Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
15= 15. Henrietta Anne Stuart
16= 16. Louis XIII of France
17= 17. Anna of Austria
18= 18. Philip IV of Spain
19= 19. Elisabeth of Bourbon
20= 20. Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria
21= 21. Maria Anna of Austria
22= 22. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
23= 23. Christine Marie of France
24= 24. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
25= 25. Christine Marie of France
26= 26. Charles Amadeus of Savoy, 6th Duke of Nemours
27= 27. Elisabeth de Bourbon-Vendôme
28= 28. Louis XIII of France
29= 29. Anne of Austria
30= 30. Charles I of England
31= 31. Henrietta Maria of France



*Danvila, Alfonso. "El reinado relámpago, Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleáns, 1707-1724". Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1952. Reprinted as "Luis I y Luisa Isabel de Orleans: el reinado relámpago". Madrid: Alderabán, 1997.

External links

* [http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/historia/monarquia/luis1.shtml "Luis I"] Spanish



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