- Khalistan Commando Force
Infobox militant organization
name = Khalistan Commando Force
leader = Paramjit Singh Panjwar
foundation = 1984
The Khalistan Commando Force (KCF) is a militant Jathebandi whose goal was the eventual formation of the Sikh state of
Khalistan, which would encompass Punjab, India, as well as some districts of neighboring states and Pakistan. The KCF, along with the Babbar Khalsa, the Khalistan Liberation Force, and the Bhindranwala Tigers Force of Khalistan, clashed repeatedly with the Indian Armyforces during the 1980s and early 1990s as well as the Punjab police. It is considered a terrorist organization by the Government of India. [ [http://newdelhi.usembassy.gov/pr122106b.html U.S. Court Convicts Khalid Awan for Supporting Khalistan Commando Force] ]
The Khalistan Commando Force was originally formed by Mr.
Manbir Singh Chaheru[ [http://www.sikhlionz.com/martyrbhaimanbirsinghchaheru.htm SikhLionz.com: Martyrs: Shaheed Bhai Manbir Singh Chaheru ] ] . Sukhdev Singh alias Sukha Sipahi who was a former police officer, took over its command on August 8 1986, when Manbir Singh Chaheru got arrested. Sukhdev Singh, later changed his name to Labh Singh. He completely re-organized this force. The Khalistan Commando Force had a fluid hierarchy, enabling it to accommodate any potential setbacks. The undisputed head of the Khalistan Commando Force, until his death, was Labh Singh. He appointed half a dozen Lieutenant Generals, each independent of each other, with each of them having Area Commanders. As such, the death of a Lieutenant General for example would result in the promotion of an Area Commander. After his death this organisation was headed by Kanwarjit Singh Sultanwind. After Kanwarjit Singh Sultanwind's killing, Paramjeet Singh Panjwar became the General of this organisation, and he is so till date.
The organization primarily battled Indian military forces, especially in revenge for
Operation Blue Star, the government's 1984 military operation in the Harimandir Sahib(Golden Temple) in Amritsar. It assassinated General Arun Vaidyawho was the architect of this operation. It also attacked sellers of alcohol, cigarettes, and other items prohibited by conservative Sikhism. [Brown, Derek. Fanatical Sikhs turn on traders, " The Guardian", 8 April 1987.]
The death of
Labh Singhon July 12 1988in an encounter with police dealt a knockout blow to the organisation, causing its eventual splintering. Whereas before Labh Singh had been a charismatic chief whose leadership was unquestioned, many of his Lieutenant Generals emerged after his death, vying with each other for control. The eventual result was the break-up of the Khalistan Commando Force into several factions, most notably those led by Wassan Singh Zaffarwal (KCF-Zaffarwal), Paramjit Singh Panjwar (KCF-Panjwar) and Gurjant Singh Rajasthani (KCF-Rajasthani). To make matters worse, each of these chose to be under different Panthic Committees (umbrella groups that directed aims and actions), thereby diversifying and weakening the focus of the militants.
Another setback to the Sikh rebellion was the cessation in co-operation between the Khalistan Commando Force and the Babbar Khalsa. The rapprochement that had been fostering between Labh Singh and
Sukhdev Singh Babbarwas put on ice and eventually disintegrated altogether, leading to the overall weakening of the militant struggle.
On August 8th 1986,
Manbir Singh Chaherugot arrested by Punjab Police and subsequently shown escaped from the Police custody in December 1987. International Human Rights Organization has concluded that he was killed by police after taking him out of judicial lock up [ [https://www.ihro.in/?q=node/41 The Killings In Sangrur Jail | Ihro ] ] . On July 12, 1988 General Labh Singhwas killed by Punjab police. On October 09 1992, Harjinder Singh Jindaand Sukhdev Singh Sukhaassassins of General Arun Vaidyawere hanged until death in Pune jail. One of its leaders, i.e. Gurdev Singh Debuwas boiled alive by Indian security forces [ [http://www.partitionofindia.com/_disk1/000008f1.htm Lack Of Hindu Think Tank, Manhood And Awareness Leads To Hind ] ] [ [http://www.panthic.org/news/130/ARTICLE/2400/2006-04-16.html Panthic Weekly: Boiled Alive: Shahid Bhai Gurdev Singh 'Debu' ] ] . Police also killed thousands of suspects in staged shootouts and burned thousands of dead bodies to cover up the murderscite web|url=http://news.sbs.com.au/dateline/index.php?page=archive&daysum=2002-04-03|title=India: Who killed the Sikhs|publisher=World News Australia|date=April 3, 2002] [ [http://news.sbs.com.au/dateline/india__who_killed_the_sikhs_130052 Special Broadcasting Service :: Dateline - presented by George Negus ] ] . The eventual capture and killing of several of the Khalistan Commando Force's Lieutenant Generals and Area Commanders eventually took its toll and many of the factions were eliminated by the Punjab Police and the Indian security forces.
After the major defeats of the KCF in the late 1980s, the group continued its struggle into the 1990s, sometimes working together with other Sikh militant groups. A June 1991 attack on a passenger train in northwestern Punjab killed about fifty, mostly Hindu, passengers. [Ravi Sharma, Massacre on passenger trains turns routine trip nightmare, "United Press International", 16 June 1991.] A September 1993 bombing in
New Delhitargeting Indian Youth Congresspresident Maninder Singh Bittathat killed eight people. [Three Sikh militant factions claim Delhi blast, " Agence France-Presse" 13 September 1993.]
As of 2006, the only operating remnant of the KCF is the Panjwar faction, which is based largely in Pakistan. In June 2006 a member of the Panjwar faction of the KCF, Kulbir Singh Barapind was extradited from
USAto India. He was deported to India for belonging to a terrorist organization and for entering the United States with a false passport. He was wanted in India for thirty-two cases, but was arrested for three murders in the early 1990s. [ [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1664254.cms Kulbir Singh sent to police custody] , "The Times of India", 19 June2006.] After his arrest he stated that he would renew the Khalistan movement through peaceful means. [ [http://www.zeenews.com/znnew/articles.asp?aid=309064&sid=REG Zee News, India, "Judicial remand of Khalistan militant extended till July 27"] 14 July 2006]
Manbir Singh Chaheru
General Labh Singh
Harjinder Singh Jinda
Sukhdev Singh Sukha
Gurdev Singh Debu
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Khalistan Liberation Force — The Khalistan Liberation Force or KLF was a Sikh militant Jathebandi responsible for several bombings of civilian targets in India during the 1980s and 1990s, sometimes in conjunction with Kashmir separatists.… … Wikipedia
Khalistan movement — The Khalistan movement is a movement in Indian Punjab to create The Land of the Pure as an independent Sikh state in all Punjabi speaking areas, which include Indian Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and some other Punjabi speaking parts of… … Wikipedia
Manbir Singh Chaheru — Nickname Manbir Singh Born 1959 village Chaheru, Kapurthala, Panjab, India … Wikipedia
Liste des mouvements autonomistes ou séparatistes — Cette liste énumère différentes organisations séparatistes ou sécessionnistes ou autonomistes. Sommaire 1 Afrique 2 Amérique 3 Asie de l Est 4 Asie centrale et du Sud … Wikipédia en Français
Harjinder Singh Jinda — Infobox Military Person name= Harjinder Singh Jinda lived= 1961 October 09, 1992 placeofbirth= placeofdeath= caption= nickname= Jinda allegiance= Khalistan Commando Force serviceyears= 1984 1992 rank= commands= unit= battles= Khalistan movement… … Wikipedia
Sukhdev Singh Sukha — Infobox Military Person name= Sukhdev Singh Sukha lived= Unknown October 09, 1992 placeofbirth= Chak N: 11, Ganganagar, India placeofdeath= caption= nickname= Sukha allegiance= Khalistan Commando Force battles=Khalistan movement awards= Awarded… … Wikipedia
Labh Singh — Infobox Military Person name= General Labh Singh lived= 1952 July 12, 1988 placeofbirth= placeofdeath= caption= nickname= Sukha Sipahi allegiance= Khalistan Commando Force serviceyears= 1984 1988 rank= General (self appointed) commands= unit=… … Wikipedia
Dashmesh Regiment — This article is about the militant group founded by Shabeg Singh and others. For the other militant group of the same name, see Khalistan Armed Force. Dashmesh Regiment Active region(s) India Ideology Khalistan Status Inctive … Wikipedia
Terrorism in India — Terrorism … Wikipedia
Naxalite — The word Naxal, Naxalite or Naksalvadi is a generic term used to refer to various militant Communist groups operating in different parts of India under different organizational envelopes. In the eastern states of the mainland India (Jharkhand,… … Wikipedia