- St Edward King and Martyr, Cambridge
St Edward King and Martyr is a church located on Peas Hill in central
Cambridge. It is dedicated to Edward the Martyr, King of Englandfrom 975 until his murder in 978. It was at St Edward's in 1525 that what is said to have been the first sermon of the English Reformationtook place, and the church is sometimes labelled the "Cradle of the Reformation".cite web|url=http://www.st-edwards-cam.org.uk/about.shtml|title=About St Edward's|publisher=St Edward King and Martyr]
The present church was founded in the thirteenth century on what is believed to be the site of an earlier
Anglo-Saxonchurch. In around 1400 the church was rebuilt, creating the present chanceland arches of the nave, though the arch at the base of the tower dates from the original building.
When Henry VI ordered the clearing of land in order to create King's College, the church of St John Zachary that was used by both Trinity Hall and Clare was demolished. In 1445, by way of recompense, the living of St Edward's church was granted to Trinity Hall, and the chaplain is still appointed by the college. Two fifteenth century side-chapels were built in St Edward's, with the North chapel used by Trinity Hall, and the South by Clare.
St Edward's played a pivotal role in the
English Reformation. During the 1520s a group of evangelicals led by Thomas Bilneyhad been meeting to discuss the preachings of Martin Lutherand Erasmus's translation of the New Testament.
At the Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve 1525, one of the group, Robert Barnes, gave what is believed to be the first openly evangelical sermon in any English church, and accused the Catholic Church of
heresy. Over the next decade many of the great reformers preached at St Edward's, including Hugh Latimer, who was a regular preacher until he left Cambridge in 1531. These events have led to St Edward's being referred to as the "Cradle of the Reformation".
The buildings of central Cambridge have led to St Edward's becoming somewhat hidden away from view in its location on the north side of the Guildhall. It is surrounded on three sides by its namesake pedestrian alleyway whose 'Y-shaped' form has remained unchanged since at least the sixteenth century, and only possesses a tiny churchyard. It holds Grade II* listed status. [cite web|url=http://www.cambridge.gov.uk/public/pdfs/St%20Edwards%20Passage.pdf|title=St Edward's Passage|publisher=Cambridge City Council]
During the 1930s, St Edward's served as the
Toc Hchurch for the east of England, and became popular with students, who referred to it as "Teddy's".
The present East window was designed by
Giles Gilbert Scott, and was added during the restorations of 1858-60. The theologian F. D. Maurice was chaplain at St Edward's from 1870-2.
The church holds a weekly Gothic Eucharist. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/cambridgeshire/content/articles/2006/01/20/goth_feature.shtml|title=Goth rocks...|publisher=BBC|date=January 20, 2006]
The present chaplain is Fraser Watts.
* [http://www.st-edwards-cam.org.uk/ St Edward King and Martyr] - church site
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