- Field Marshal (United Kingdom)
:"Please see "
Field Marshal" for other countries which use this rank".cite web
last = Bartram
first = Graham
url = http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/gb-def.html
title = United Kingdom: Ministry of Defence and army
work = Flags of the World
language = EN
accessdate = 2006-6-1] ] Field Marshal is the highest military rank of the
United Kingdom, equivalent to a General of the Armyin other countries such as the United States. It ranks immediately above the rank of Generaland is the Army equivalent to an Admiral of the Fleet and Marshal of the Royal Air Force.
The rank insignia of a Field Marshal in the
British Armycomprises two crossed batons on a wreath, with a crown above. In some other countries, historically under the sphere of British influence, an adapted version of the insignia is used for Field Marshals, often with the crown being replaced with an alternative cultural or national emblem.
The office of
Marshalwas known in Englandfrom the 12th century, but in the introduction of the modern military title Great Britainwas a relative latecomer. It was introduced by George I, the first King of the House of Hanover, in the style of the continental armies. The 1st Earl of Orkney became the first Field Marshal in 1736.
During the early part of the 20th century, the
Chief of the Imperial General Staffwas usually a Field Marshal. After the creation of the office of Chief of the Defence Staff, Army occupants of the office were Field Marshals until the 1990s.
Now no Field Marshals are to be routinely appointed in peacetime, the last being Field Marshal
Lord Inge, although members of the Royal Family and certain other very senior officers are still eligible to be appointed (none has, however, been appointed since the general suspension of promotions to the rank). The rank of Field Marshal is the only rank in the British Army where the individual never officially retires, as the rank is conferred for life.
Although traditionally, the British monarch is a Field Marshal, Queen Elizabeth II does not hold that rank.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburghand Prince Edward, Duke of Kentare two of the few remaining Field Marshals of the British Army.
Royal Marinesdo not have an equivalent rank to Field Marshal, although the position of Captain General has the same insignia as an Army Field Marshal.
List of British Field Marshals
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Field marshal — For other uses, see Field marshal (disambiguation). Common anglophone military ranks Navies Armies Air forces Officers Admiral of the fleet Marshal / … Wikipedia
Field Marshal — For other meanings see Field Marshal (disambiguation)Field marshal is a military officer rank. Today it is the highest rank in the armies in which it is used, one step above a general or colonel general. Historically, however, several armies used … Wikipedia
Field Marshal — est un grade militaire britannique équivalent à maréchal. Il n est attribué qu en temps de guerre. Bernard Montgomery et Alan Brooke furent Field Marshal. Liens externes (en) Nomination dans la London Gazette au grade de maréchal du général… … Wikipédia en Français
United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… … Universalium
Field Marshal (Australia) — See Field Marshal for other countries which use this rank Field Marshal is the highest rank of the Australian Army and was created as a direct equivalent of the British military rank of field marshal. Equivalent ranks in the other services are… … Wikipedia
United Kingdom by-election records — UK by election records is an annotated list of notable records from United Kingdom by elections. A by election occurs when a Member of Parliament resigns, dies, or is disqualified or expelled, and an election is held to fill the vacant seat. A… … Wikipedia
Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom) — For a list of parachute regiments from other countries, see Parachute Regiment (disambiguation). The Parachute Regiment Cap Badge of the Parachute Regiment Active … Wikipedia
Eighth Army (United Kingdom) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Eighth Army caption=Emblem of the British Eighth Army dates= 1941 1945 country= United Kingdom allegiance= branch= type= Army role= size= command structure= garrison= equipment= current commander= ceremonial chief … Wikipedia
Fourteenth Army (United Kingdom) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Fourteenth Army caption= dates= 1943 1945 country= United Kingdom allegiance= branch= British Army British Indian Army type= role= size= command structure= garrison= equipment= current commander= ceremonial chief … Wikipedia
Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom) — Chief of General Staff Flag of the Chief of the General Staff … Wikipedia