- Vladimir Vladimirovich Sherwood
caption=Former Titov Building (1912-1915), present-day site of
Presidential Administration of Russia
name=Vladimir Vladimirovich Sherwood
May 17, 1867
June 18, 1930
Moscow Mercnant Society
Malaya Polyanka Street
(all in Moscow)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Sherwood(Russian: Владимир Владимирович Шервуд, also spelled Shervud, May 17, 1867— June 18, 1930), was a Russian architectwho worked in Moscowin 1895-1914 in Art Nouveaustyle and "modernized classics" variant of Russian neoclassical revivalthat predated modernist architecture of 1920s. [Article is based on Sherwood's biography in ru icon "M. V. Naschokina. Arkhitektory moskovskogo moderna" (Нащокина М. В. Архитекторы московского модерна. Творческие портреты. — 3-е издание — М.: Жираф, 2005.) ISBN 5-89832-043-1]
Vladimir Sherwood, junior, was the son of
Vladimir Osipovich Sherwood(Владимир Осипович Шервуд, 1832 — 1897), architect of the State Historical Museumin Red Square. His brother Sergei Vladimirovich Sherwood(1858 — 1899) also became an architect but died prematurely; another brother, Leonid Vladimirovich Sherwood(1871 — 1954) became a sculptorbased in Saint Petersburg.
Vladimir Sherwood graduated from the
Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecturein 1895, and was employed first as the house architect of Bromley Steel Works (1898 — 1903) and by the Moscow Merchant Society — a business consortiumresponsible for redevelopment of Kitai-Gorodand Central Squares of Moscow(1903 — 1910). Sherwood is credited with work on the new master plan for Kitai-gorod, partially executed before World War I, although exact extent of his input has not been reliably studied.
His first independent work was a
Gothic revivalReck Mansion on the Garden Ring (destroyed). It was followed by an extant apartment block in Smolenskaya Squarewhich remained Sherwood's only pure example of Art Nouveau. As he gained experience, popularity of this style faded and Sherwood's later works gradually moved from simplified Art Nouveau to "modernized classics". His career peaked in the five years preceding the outbreak of World War I. Sherwood became notable as the author of numerous rental apartment and office buildings; three of his projects are listed on the protected buildings register: 12-14 Novokuznetskaya Street[This location, Embassy of Indonesia in Moscow, actually includes four protected structures. Units 4 and 5 (southern building) is credited to Ivan Rerberg, unit 9 to Gustav Helrich, unit 8 (northern building) to Sherwood with secondary credit to Helrich. Source: ru icon Register of protected buildings, Moscow Heritage commission [http://www.mkn.com.mos.ru/index.php?action=show_rubric&id=169] ] , 7-7 Malaya Polyanka Street( Ivan Shmelyovhome), and a large neoclassical block at 1, Solyanka Street. [Credited equally to Sherwood, Ivan Germanand Alexey Sergeev]
Sherwood's best known work, Titov Building, at 4,
Staraya Square, was a radical departure from his Art Nouveau practice. Stylistically it was in line with Russian neoclassical revival, however, the design emphasized the steel framestructure and was marked by unusually large glass surfaces providing adequate insolationto deep office floors of this mixed-use building. Sherwood refused to use classical orderaltogether, creating "classical atmosphere" with carefully measures indents of stone-clad pilasters and cornices, and a modest, purely decorative pediment. Contemporaries marked this style as "modernized classics" ( _ru. модернизированная классика); it was reused by stalinist architectureto the point where Titov Building is frequently mistaken for a mid-20th century government edifice.
In 1920s—1991 former Titov Building housed the
Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unionheadquarters and became the symbol of party apparatus. It is currently occupied by the Presidential Administration of Russia. Titov building, completed in 1915, remained the last recorded work by Sherwood; he lived the remaining 15 years of his life in Moscow but was not involved in construction projects anymore.
Architects involved in Kitai-Gorod redevelopment by Moscow Merchant Society, 1890s-1917:
* Ivan Kuznetsov
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