Colonel Eli Lilly


Colonel Eli Lilly

Infobox Person
name = Eli Lilly


image_size =
caption = Colonel Eli Lilly in 1885
birth_date = July 8, 1838
birth_place = Baltimore, Maryland
death_date = June 6, 1898
death_place = Indianapolis, Indiana
death_cause = Cancer
resting_place = Crown Hill Cemetery
resting_place_coordinates =
nationality = American
known_for = Eli Lilly & co.
education = Pharmacology
alma_mater = Asbury College
employer =
occupation = Pharmaceutical Chemist
Soldier
Industrialist
years_active =
home_town = Indianapolis, Indiana
title = Founder
boards =
religion =
spouse =
partner =
children =
parents = Esther & Gusatavus Lilly
relations =


allegiance=Union
branch= United States Army
serviceyears=1862–1864
rank=Colonel
commands=18th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery
unit=
battles=American Civil War

Colonel Eli Lilly (July 8, 1838–June 6, 1898) was a soldier, pharmaceutical chemist, and industrialist, founder of the eponymous Eli Lilly and Company pharmaceutical corporation. The company has grown to be one of the largest and most influential pharmaceutical companies in the world, offering key pharmaceutical products in almost every key therapeutic area. In 2005, the company registered global revenues of $14.6 billion.

Biography

Eli Lilly was born the son of Gustavus and Esther Lilly in Baltimore, Maryland on June 8, 1838. The Lilly family moved to Kentucky at a young age. His family moved in 1852 to Greencastle, Indiana where Lilly became a printer's apprentice.cite book|title=National Cyclopedia of American Biography|author=White, J.T|year=1899|pages=p. 83|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=nl8oAAAAYAAJ] He studied pharmacology at Asbury College (now Depauw University) and served an apprenticeship at the Good Samaritan Pharmacy in Lafayette to became a chemist and pharmacist. Lilly opened a drug store in Indianapolis in 1860.

Lilly fought in the Union Army during the American Civil War, recruiting and organizing the 18th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery, known as the Lilly battery, and serving as its captain from August 1862 until the winter of 1863. Lilly's only prior military experience was in a militia unit in Lafayette, Indiana, and several of his artillerymen considered him too young and intemperate to command. Despite his initial inexperience, he became a competent artillery officer and his battery was instrumental in several important battles, including Chickamauga. Lilly resigned from the battery to become a colonel of cavalry, and was captured by Nathan B. Forrest in Alabama in 1864. He was paroled and returned home.

He attempted two other business ventures, including a Mississippi cotton plantation, before returning to his interest in pharmacology. In 1869, he opened a drug store in Paris, Illinois, before moving back to Indianapolis in the mid-1870s. In 1879, Lilly proposed the idea for a public water supply company to meet the needs of the city. The Indianapolis Water Company resulted from his ideas. Influenced by his wife's premature death from malaria, Lilly founded a pharmaceutical company at 15 W. Pearl St., Indianapolis, May 10, 1876. He had only 3 employees (including his 14-year-old son Josiah) and $1400 in working capital. His first products were gelatin-coated pills and capsules. Following on his experience of medicines used in the Civil War, Lilly committed to producing only high quality prescription drugs, in contrast to the common patent medicines of the day.

In 1892 Lilly built the Wawasee Inn on Lake Wawasee, Indiana. By the time Colonel Lilly died of cancer in 1898, his company had 2,005 products and annual sales topping $300,000.

Lilly was buried in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis. His grave is not far from that of former President Benjamin Harrison.

Honors

The Colonel Eli Lilly Civil War Museum in Indianapolis is named in his honor. It opened in October 1999.

ee also

*History of Indiana
*Eli Lilly & co.

References

External links

*findagrave|1903 Retrieved on 2008-09-28
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20040815040557/http://www.ccs.k12.in.us/mte/mt/HoosierWeb/HoosiersI-Q/page6.html On-line biography]
* [http://www.lilly.com/about/history.html Eli Lilly & co. website]

Persondata
NAME= Lilly, Colonel Eli
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Union Army officer
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


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