Gay-related immune deficiency


Gay-related immune deficiency

Gay-related immune deficiency (GRID) (sometimes informally called the gay plague or GRIDS) was an alternative name for AIDS, proposed in 1982, [ [http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/Books/lbb/x590.htm "The History of AIDS and ARC"] at the LSU Law Center] after public health scientists noticed clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma and "Pneumocystis" pneumonia among gay males in California and New York City.cite-web|url=http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001114.htm|title=A Cluster of Kaposi's Sarcoma and Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia among Homosexual Male Residents of Los Angeles and Orange Counties, California. "MMWR," 31(23);305-7 (June 18, 1982)|accessdate=2007-01-24] During the early history of AIDS, an "ad hoc" organization called Gay Men's Health Crisis was founded to combat what appeared to be a homosexual-only disease produced by high levels of promiscuity, intravenous drug use, and usage of poppers. Soon after, clusters of Kaposi's sarcoma and "Pneumocystis" pneumonia were also reported among Haitians recently entering the United Statescite-web|url=http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001123.htm|title=Opportunistic Infections and Kaposi's Sarcoma among Haitians in the United States, "MMWR," 31(26);353-4,360-1 (July 09, 1982)|accessdate=2007-01-24] and men with hemophilia, among female sexual partners of AIDS patients, and among blood transfusion recipients with no obvious risk factors.

The term AIDS (for acquired immune deficiency syndrome) was proposed in 1982cite-web|url=http://www.time.com/time/80days/820727.html|title=Time Magazine: "Living With GRID: Personal Journey "|accessdate=2007-01-24] by Sasu Siegelbaum, among other researchers, concerned with the accuracy of the disease's name. In this new name, scientists were supported by political figures who realized that the term "gay-related" did not accurately describe the demographic that the disease affected. On April 23, 1984, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary announced at a press conference that an American scientist, Dr. Robert Gallo, had discovered the probable cause of AIDS: the retrovirus subsequently named "human immunodeficiency virus" or HIV in 1986.

ee also

*Timeline of early AIDS cases

References

*Shilts, Randy. "And the Band Played On". 1987.
*"The 1980s: Outing by AIDS," pp. 137-167. Johansson, Warren & Percy, William A. [http://williamapercy.com/pub-Outing.htm "Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence."] Harrington Park Press, 1994.


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  • Gay-related immune deficiency — (GRID, traducido libremente al español como inmunodeficiencia asociada a la homosexualidad) es uno de los nombres con que se conoció el síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (sida) antes de adquirir este nombre oficialmente en 1981[1] tras el… …   Wikipedia Español

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