Doria-Pamphilii-Landi


Doria-Pamphilii-Landi

Doria-Pamphilj-Landi (or Doria-Pamphilii-Landi) is a princely Roman family of Genoese extraction. Legend has that the origins of the Doria family go back to the early 11th century, but the authentic pedigree is traced to Ansaldo d'Oria, consul of Genoa in the 12th century. The descent of the several Doria lines in Genoa is well-known and appears described in Natale Battilana's 19th century genealogical study of old Genoese families.

The Doria-Pamphilj-Landi princely family is a subbranch of the Doria di Oneglia branch: in 1291 two Doria brothers bought the lordship of Oneglia, which was co-owned by their descendants until the late 15th century. Admiral Andrea Doria was descended from a Doria di Oneglia, Genoese soldier Aitone Doria (also called Antonio Doria) who fought for the French at the battle of Crécy.

One of the most famous members of the family was Andrea Doria, perpetual censor of Genoa in 1528 and admiral to the emperor Charles V, who was created prince of Melfi (1531) and "marquis" of Tursi (in the kingdom of Naples) in 1555. These titles were inherited by Gian Andrea Doria, son of Giannettino Doria who was a second cousin and adopted son of Andrea Doria. Giannettino Doria was killed in 1547 during the Fieschi conspiracy against the power of Andrea Doria over Genoa and his descendants inherited the titles granted to the great Admiral.

Another famous member of the family was Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, who rose to the Papacy as Pope Innocent X.

The marquisate of Civiez and the county of Cavallamonte were conferred on the family in 1576, the duchy of Tursi in 1594, the principality of Avella in 1607, the duchy of Avigliano in 1613, the principality of Meldola in 1671. In 1760 the title of "Reichsfurst" or prince of the Holy Roman Empire was added and attached to the lordship of Torriglia and the marquisate of Borgo San Stefano, together with the qualification of Hochgeboren. That same year the Dorias inherited the fiefs and titles of the house of Pamphilj of Gubbio, patricians of Rome and princes of San Martino, Valmontone, Val di Taro, Bardi, and Corupiano. They had already incorporated by marriage the wealthy inheritance of the Landi family.

The Palazzo Doria Pamphilj in Rome, a splendid edifice, was built in the 17th century, and contains one of the most valuable private collection of paintings in the world, see Doria Pamphilj Gallery. The Villa Doria Pamphili with its gardens is one of the loveliest round Rome. During the siege of 1849 it was Giuseppe Garibaldi's headquarters.

Princess Orietta Doria Pamphilj, last descendant of the Doria Pamphilj line, died in 2000. She was married to British Navy Commander Frank Pogson (who took on the name Doria Pamphilj by deed poll before marrying). She was survived by her two adopted children, Donna Gesine Pogson Doria Pamphilj, who married Massimiliano Floridi (they have four children: Anna, Elisa, Orietta and Irene), and Prince Jonathan Doria Pamphilj who formed a Civil Partnership with Elson Edeno Braga, and has two children: Emily and Filippo Andrea VII. Orietta's father, Prince Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphilj, was an opponent of the Fascist regime and became in 1944 the first mayor of Rome after its Liberation by the Allies.

External links

* [http://www.doriapamphilj.it/ukhome.asp Official Web Site, English version]

References

*1911

*N. Battilana, "Famiglia Doria" in Genealogia delle Famiglie Nobili di Genova, 1827.


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